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suppletion

Line breaks: sup|ple¦tion
Pronunciation: /səˈpliːʃ(ə)n
 
/

Definition of suppletion in English:

noun

[mass noun] Linguistics
The occurrence of an unrelated form to fill a gap in a conjugation (e.g. went as the past tense of go).
Example sentences
  • Lexical words are generally fitted into the flow of language through such mechanisms as affixation, suppletion, stress shift, and vowel change, all of which have morphological and other effects.
  • We list the instances of suppletion and give examples of regular inflected items when they are available.
  • These patterns of suppletion can be correlated with particular geographical areas, language families, and specific lexemic groups.

Origin

Middle English: from Old French, from medieval Latin suppletio(n-), from supplere 'fill up, make full' (see supply1).

Derivatives

suppletive

1
adjective
Example sentences
  • Most adverbs allow only periphrastic comparison (happily/more happily/most happily), but a few are suppletive: badly/worse/worst; well/better/best.
  • In the following the regular as well as the suppletive forms of aorist and future are listed.
  • If you wish to test the effects of lemmatization, then replace all inflectional and suppletive variants with their root forms: ‘walk, be,’ etc.

Definition of suppletion in:

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