Definition of symphony in English:

symphony

Line breaks: sym|phony
Pronunciation: /ˈsɪmf(ə)ni
 
/

noun (plural symphonies)

  • 1An elaborate musical composition for full orchestra, typically in four movements, at least one of which is traditionally in sonata form: Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony
    More example sentences
    • He was a prolific composer, writing symphonies, concertos, sonatas, and dramatic works.
    • Joseph Haydn's Scherzandi are bite-size symphonies in four movements, each seven or eight minutes in length.
    • His 1781 discovery of the planet Uranus has overshadowed his musical compositions (18 symphonies, two viola and one oboe concerto, nine sonatas and various keyboard and vocal music).
  • 1.1chiefly • historical An orchestral interlude in a large-scale vocal work.
  • 1.2chiefly North American (especially in names of orchestras) short for symphony orchestra. the Boston Symphony
    More example sentences
    • Now they play fifteen to twenty concerts a year together, while Misha plays ninety to 100 other engagements as soloist, chamber musician or with symphonies.
    • He now travels the world performing with renowned symphonies and conductors.
    • His works have been performed by symphonies in Akron, Springfield and Cleveland, Ohio, as well as the Warsaw Philharmonic.
  • 1.3Something regarded as a composition of different elements: autumn is a symphony of texture and pattern
    More example sentences
    • The leaves of the trees were of different colors, offering a symphony of tones that only I seemed to hear.
    • Both serious wine connoisseurs, Graf and Rydman collaborated with the chairs and bistro moderne chef Philippe Schmidt on a symphony of food and wine that had patrons swooning.
    • In the Glasgow of my childhood I woke to a symphony of glass, metal and steam.

Origin

Middle English (denoting any of various instruments such as the dulcimer or the virginal): from Old French symphonie, via Latin from Greek sumphōnia, from sumphōnos 'harmonious', from sun- 'together' + phōnē 'sound'.

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