Definition of synchrony in English:


Line breaks: syn|chrony
Pronunciation: /ˈsɪŋkrəni


[mass noun]
  • 1Simultaneous action, development, or occurrence.
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    • Brain research has shown that using sound phasing for brain synchrony will adjust the brain waves to deeper states down to the delta wave pattern.
    • Like Sex and the City and Friends, both of which recently concluded, Frasier was about the peculiar contemporary synchrony of adolescent crisis and midlife crisis.
    • The early changes involved a delay in the timing of electrical recovery of the heart muscle following each beat, whereas the later changes involved the loss of electrical synchrony among various regions of the heart.
  • 1.1The state of operating or developing according to the same time scale as something else: some individuals do not remain in synchrony with the twenty-four-hour day
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    • This external fact of life has its counterpart in our bodies; somewhere in the dawn of time these fundamental rhythms were etched into our brains, so that we would be organized in synchrony with our environment.
    • Animals at rest have been shown to use their spiracles, sometimes in synchrony with their mouth for respiration, but it is not clear whether spiracles play a role in respiration during swimming.
    • Temperature is one of the main signals that keep the circadian clock in synchrony with the environment.
  • 2Synchronic treatment or study: the structuralist distinction between synchrony and diachrony
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    • One thinks of Mikhail Bakhtin's chronotypes, which introduced synchrony into the heavily diachronic tradition of literary history.
    • Nevertheless, by relying heavily on the notions of both synchrony and diachrony, Barthesian discourse aims to express how any of a host of other discourses function without ever claiming to be the final answer.
    • Barthes declared that ' serious recourse to the nomenclature of signification ' was the mark of structuralism and advised interested readers to ' watch who uses signifier and signified, synchrony and diachrony.'


mid 19th century: from Greek sunkhronos (see synchronous).

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