noun (plural same or Tanguts)
1A member of a Tibetan people who established a kingdom in NW China and western Inner Mongolia from the late 10th to the mid 13th centuries.
- There, in 1081, he organised an advance against the Tanguts winning major victories and extending the control of the Sung dynasty over new regions.
- Buildings, historical records and nearly everything else the Tanguts had created, were destroyed.
- By the 1040s, the Song were sending the Tanguts a huge annual tribute of silk, silver and tea.
2 [mass noun] The extinct language of the Tangut.
- Among the Buddhist texts a number of unique compilations, not known either in Chinese or in Tibetan versions were recently discovered. Furthermore, the Buddhist canon, the Confucian classics, and a great number of indigenous texts written in Tangut have been preserved.
- However, it would not be until 1038 that the Tangut chieftain Li Yuanhao, Li Deming's son, who also ordered the creation of a Tangut writing system and the translation of Chinese classics into Tangut, named himself emperor of Da Xia, and demanded of the Song emperor recognition as an equal.
- Thus although in Chinese more than 90%; of the characters possess a phonetic element, this proportion is limited to about 10% in Tangut according to him.
Relating to the Tangut or their language.
- All forms of Chinese writing of the fourth to eleventh centuries and Tangut writing are ideographic.
- To the west of Jin was the Tangut empire which, in turn, was bordered by Tibet to the South-west.
- These images of the Tangut imperial patron extend the contexts in which East Asian imperial patrons have explicitly placed themselves, and suggest both deep personal as well as political motivations.
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