Definition of thymine in English:

thymine

Line breaks: thy|mine
Pronunciation: /ˈθʌɪmiːn
 
/

noun

[mass noun] Biochemistry
A compound which is one of the four constituent bases of nucleic acids. A pyrimidine derivative, it is paired with adenine in double-stranded DNA.
  • Alternative name; 5-methyluracil; chemical formula: C5H6N2O2
More example sentences
  • The derivatives of purine are called adenine and guanine, and the derivatives of pyrimidine are called thymine, cytosine and uracil.
  • Of the four bases that make up DNA - adenine, thymine, cytosine and guanine - only cytosine has the potential to be methylated in humans and most mammals.
  • In DNA the bases pair to form a ladder-like structure, with adenine paired with thymine and guanine with cytosine.

Origin

late 19th century: from thymus + -ine4.

Definition of thymine in:

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove ads and access premium resources

Word of the day fioritura
Pronunciation: fēˌôriˈto͝orə
noun
an embellishment of a melody...