Definition of traction in English:

traction

Line breaks: trac|tion
Pronunciation: /ˈtrakʃ(ə)n
 
/

noun

[mass noun]
1The action of drawing or pulling something over a surface, especially a road or track: a primitive vehicle used in animal traction
More example sentences
  • Loss of animal traction resulted in decreased production intensity, as did loss of labor power through migration, conscription, and death.
  • Most Romano-British farmsteads were mixed, dependent on animals for manure, traction, dairy products, wool, hides, and meat.
  • To facilitate animal traction, migrants cut down big trees, cleared bamboo bushes, and uprooted stumps.
1.1Motive power provided to draw or pull something, especially on a railway: the changeover to diesel and electric traction
More example sentences
  • Mourning in anticipation, 71 railway enthusiasts took steam's eclipse by diesel and electric traction to be history's greatest betrayal.
  • Pictures, diagrams, tables and models are used to explain the evolution of engines from steam through diesel to electric traction.
  • It made little difference whether the rolling stock in question was for high or low-speed operation or whether it was made use of diesel or electric traction.
1.2Locomotives collectively: a pent-up demand for traction and rolling stock
More example sentences
  • Colin, a retired traction and rolling stock engineer, and his wife aim to complete more than 30,000 miles of their epic odyssey by train.
  • The interactive museum would have featured all elements of steam technology from steam boats to steam traction and trains.
  • It's pulled by a diesel engine today but there is a strong movement to reintroduce steam traction.
2The grip of a tyre on a road or a wheel on a rail: his car hit a patch of ice and lost traction
More example sentences
  • On a simple two-wheel drive car, traction control selects the wheel with the most grip in a loss-of-grip situation and gives it more power.
  • Also standard are dual-stage driver and front-passenger airbags and traction control.
  • Alloy wheels, traction control and a cassette player come as standard.
Synonyms
grip, friction, adhesion, purchase, resistance; pull, haulage, propulsion, drag
3The extent to which an idea, product, etc. gains popularity or acceptance: analysts predicted that the technology would rapidly gain traction in the corporate mobile market if a film got a little traction, a wider release could be negotiated
More example sentences
  • The advocates of disengagement have yet to gain traction.
  • Not only are introductions in order, you should also give the fresh acquaintances a little traction to get their friendship rolling merrily along.
  • His approach has started to gain traction in Europe.
4 Medicine The application of a sustained pull on a limb or muscle, especially in order to maintain the position of a fractured bone or to correct a deformity: his leg is in traction
More example sentences
  • Dancers now jump higher, pirouette more times - more than the naked eye can count - and spend hours in traction to stretch their limbs and torsos a centimetre or two more.
  • The new Hodgen splint held a limb in traction while a wound was dressed, a critical innovation on the battlefield.
  • The procedure still requires a major surgery to insert the pins and rods to hold the bones in traction.

Origin

late Middle English (denoting contraction, such as that of a muscle): from French, or from medieval Latin tractio(n-), from Latin trahere 'draw, pull'. Current senses date from the early 19th century.

Definition of traction in:

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove ads and access premium resources

Word of the day hubris
Pronunciation: ˈ(h)yo͞obris
noun
excessive pride or self-confidence