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trochal disc

Line breaks: tro|chal disc
Pronunciation: /ˈtrəʊk(ə)l
 
/

Definition of trochal disc in English:

noun

Zoology
(In a rotifer) a ring of cilia that is used in feeding and (in most kinds) swimming.
Example sentences
  • The corona is retractile, with two trochal discs which are highly reduced, in Philodinavus to a small, bilobated, ciliated area; in Abrotrocha to a pair of lobes on either side of the prominent rostrum.
  • In living animals, such as in Macrotrachela quadricornifera, the trochal discs with their beating cilia resemble rotating wheels, which is why these animals are called ‘rotifers’ or ‘wheel animalcules’.
  • There are many variations to the corona pattern and in bdelloids it is composed of two ciliary rings: the anterior named trochus (divided into right and left each known as trochal disks) and the posterior called cingulum.

Origin

mid 19th century: trochal from Greek trokhos 'wheel' + -al.

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