Definition of trophic in English:

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trophic

Pronunciation: /ˈtrəʊfɪk/
Pronunciation: /ˈtrɒfɪk/

adjective

1 Ecology Relating to feeding and nutrition.
Example sentences
  • We also combined taxa into four functional groups based on known trophic positions and feeding preferences: primary producers, herbivores, bacterivores, or predators.
  • The hypothesis that all sampled species form a homogeneous trophic group feeding, ‘on average,’ on the same food sources also was rejected.
  • The direct effects of plant quality on omnivores is, therefore, likely to induce a trophic cascade whereby plant feeding by the omnivore ultimately benefits the plant.
2 (also tropic) Physiology (Of a hormone or its effect) stimulating the activity of another endocrine gland.
Example sentences
  • The trophic hormones act to stimulate secretion of hormone from the target gland and to maintain its function and, if present in high concentrations, will cause the gland to enlarge.
  • Furthermore, medical treatments for endometriosis act in a variety of ways to abolish the trophic effect of oestradiol on both the eutopic and ectopic endometrium.
  • A highly conserved feature is that the cells of all glands respond to their respective, regulatory tropic hormone with an increase in cyclic nucleotide.

Origin

Late 19th century: from Greek trophikos, from trophē 'nourishment', from trephein 'nourish'.

Words that rhyme with trophic

catastrophic, dystrophic, philosophic, strophic, theosophic

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: troph¦ic

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