There are 2 main definitions of trump in English:

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trump1

Line breaks: trump
Pronunciation: /trʌmp
 
/

noun

1(In bridge, whist, and similar card games) a playing card of the suit chosen to rank above the others, which can win a trick where a card of a different suit has been led: declarer ruffs the opening lead and plays a trump
More example sentences
  • The winner of the first trick must lead a trump to the second trick if he holds one.
  • If a trump is led, the other players may play any cards, and if several trumps are played to a trick the last one wins.
  • The suit of the card led by the pitcher to the first trick becomes trumps for that deal.
1.1 (trumps) The suit of cards ranking above the others in a particular hand: the ace of trumps
More example sentences
  • After the cut, the bottom card of the pack is shown to everyone and its suit is trumps.
  • In scenario 3, if a person with 5 trumps has the Ace of trump, she starts.
  • Your opponent has only one card left and you know it is the ace of trumps.
1.2(In a tarot pack) any of a special suit of 22 cards depicting symbolic and typical figures and scenes.
Example sentences
  • Enchanters epitomize the tarot trump of ‘the fool’ relying on luck and intuition to guide their way.
  • If using tarot cards, the trump suits of both decks are removed except for a single copy of The Fool.
  • The modern tarot pack comes from an Italian tarrochi deck with 22 trumps.
1.3 (also trump card) A valuable resource that may be used, especially as a surprise, in order to gain an advantage: in this month General Haig decided to play his trump card: the tank
More example sentences
  • Those favouring an armistice hoped that a negative reply from Roosevelt would deprive their opponents of a valuable trump card.
  • Party strategists are well aware his stewardship of the economy is their trump card.
  • Their trump card is a close link with the government which can give them quick and exclusive access to official news and information.
1.4 informal , dated A helpful or admirable person: Spencer’s doctor is a trump—I am like a new man
More example sentences
  • "He's a trump," said Dick, enthusiastically.
  • "He's a trump!" said Clifford, "and if he swears the world is as good and pure as his own heart, I'll swear he's right."
  • "By Jove, he's a trump!" said the Inspector.

verb

[with object] Back to top  
1(In bridge, whist, and similar card games) play a trump on (a card of another suit): why on earth did you trump my ace? declarer trumped the last losing spade in dummy [no object]: if he trumped with the 6 or 10, the opponents could overruff
More example sentences
  • The fourth to play after a non-trump card has been trumped by his partner, when unable to either follow suit or overtrump, must undertrump even if his partner holds the trick.
  • For the sake of clarity, it is worth pointing out that where a lead of a plain suit has been trumped by the second player to a trick and the third to play also has no cards in the suit led, then the third player must still overtrump if possible.
  • You will eventually learn to keep track of which suits each player is trumping, what cards are still out against you, and how many more counters you need to pull to make your bid.
1.1Surpass (something) by saying or doing something better: if the fetus is human life, that trumps any argument about the freedom of the mother
More example sentences
  • The Southern judiciary countered the argument of natural law by evoking the argument that, within a democracy, positive law trumped natural law.
  • The law is a guide, but we need to have enough common sense, as Americans, to know when to trump legal arguments when there are obviously stronger moral and/or utilitarian arguments around.
  • You would, to be sure, be implicitly admitting that social factors can easily trump intrinsic differences, except that you'd be thinking that these factors work in women's favor.
Synonyms
beat, do/be better than, better, top, cap
informal be a cut above, be head and shoulders above, leave standing, walk away from
British informal knock spots off
archaic outrival, outvie

Origin

early 16th century: alteration of triumph, once used in card games in the same sense.

Phrases

come (or turn) up trumps

1
informal , chiefly British
(Of a person or situation) have a better performance or outcome than expected: Conrad came up trumps again, finishing fourth in the 800 metres
More example sentences
  • From bands to solo singers, the event promises to be one to remember with rehearsals coming up trumps with some terrific performances.
  • The actor, in danger of being written off as lightweight, throws everything he's got into his performance and comes up trumps.
  • Asia Pacific and Japan are expected to come up trumps in Q3-with year-on-year growth of 36 per cent and 35 per cent, respectively.
1.1Be especially generous or helpful: Mother had been absent throughout, but Aunt Edie had come up trumps
More example sentences
  • Local businesses came up trumps once again with their generous gifts supporting the information centre.
  • One of the things these kids never fail to do is to turn up trumps for other people and they've done it again.
  • In all my swimathons I have relied heavily on my colleagues at the research councils to sponsor me and they have always come up trumps.

Phrasal verbs

trump something up

1
Invent a false accusation or excuse: they’ve trumped up charges against her
More example sentences
  • A White House spokesman denied the nomination was lost and said the accusations had been trumped up by opponents of the president.
  • The charges were trumped up, the evidence flimsy.
  • I think the whole lot of charges have been trumped up.
Synonyms

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There are 2 main definitions of trump in English:

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trump2

Line breaks: trump
Pronunciation: /trʌmp
 
/

noun

archaic
A trumpet or a trumpet blast.
Example sentences
  • The visual aspect also played its part at the start of the Third Reflection, when the three horns, representing the final trump, came in from the back and took their seats in the orchestra!

verb

[no object] informal Back to top  
Break wind audibly.
Example sentences
  • Half asleep and looking up at him, I yawned a long, deep yawn and just as I closed my mouth and opened my eyes he relieved himself, not by burping or trumping however, but by throwing up into my face!
  • If you were standing in a lift, and someone trumped loudly for half a minute continuously, would you say "yes, impressive!", or would you say "LET ME OUT OF HERE"?
  • As morning broke in the windowless Bedsit, Emma peered wearily out of the bed they'd shared as Michelle trumped loudly and proudly into the already stale air.

Origin

Middle English: from Old French trompe, of Germanic origin; probably imitative.

Definition of trump in:

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