Definition of turbulence in English:

turbulence

Line breaks: tur¦bu|lence
Pronunciation: /ˈtəːbjʊl(ə)ns
 
/

noun

[mass noun]
1Violent or unsteady movement of air or water, or of some other fluid: the plane shuddered as it entered some turbulence
More example sentences
  • Frictional turbulence is where a layer of wind passing across land or sea generates disturbances within itself.
  • Turbidity currents are high-density flows in which the sediment is supported by the upward component of fluid turbulence.
  • His doctoral dissertation, presented to Munich in 1923, was on turbulence in fluid streams.
Synonyms
rough air currents, irregular atmospheric motion, uneven air movement
1.1A state of conflict or confusion: political turbulence
More example sentences
  • The political and economic turbulence of the Civil War years intensified their troubles.
  • What is happening is that all this turbulence and confusion makes us nervous and defensive.
  • They would not carry the research overheads of universities and would remain free of political turbulence.
Synonyms
turmoil, instability, conflict, upheaval, tumult, troubles, unrest, ferment, disorder, disruption, disturbance, chaos, confusion;

Origin

late Middle English: from Old French, or from late Latin turbulentia, from turbulentus 'full of commotion' (see turbulent).

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