Definition of turf in English:


Line breaks: turf
Pronunciation: /təːf

noun (plural turfs or turves)

[mass noun]
  • 1Grass and the surface layer of earth held together by its roots: they walked across the springy turf
    More example sentences
    • Fall is the season to plant trees, turf grasses and spring-blooming flower bulbs such as tulips, daffodils, hyacinths and crocuses.
    • She opened her eyes just in time to impact roughly among a sward of yellow-green grass into soft turf.
    • Unlike grass, the durable turf can be used continuously, providing optimal playing and practice conditions at all times.
    grass, lawn, sod
    literary sward, greensward
  • 1.1 [count noun] A piece of turf cut from the ground.
  • 1.2Peat used for fuel: the smell of turf burning on a winter night [as modifier]: a turf fire [count noun]: each turf was cut and stacked
    More example sentences
    • The profit of turbary is the right to cut turf or peat, usually in order to burn it.
    • In the surrounding fields, peat or turf is still cut, including by our guide, for fuel.
    • The island had no trees and winter fuel was mainly turf, cut from a bog on the mainland.
  • 2 (the turf) Horse racing or racecourses generally: he spent his money gambling on the turf
    More example sentences
    • In his previous effort, Funfair won the Troy Stakes on August 20 at Saratoga Race Course over yielding turf.
    • The new track planned for Great Leighs is another nail in the coffin for turf horseracing in this country.
    • Once the track is finished, Kempton will no longer offer flat racing on the turf, which will be reserved for steeplechase events.


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  • 2 [with object] (often as adjective turfed) Cover (a patch of ground) with turf: a turfed lawn
    More example sentences
    • The ground will then be turfed, meaning the children will finally be able to enjoy games on their brand new school field.
    • Small, lateral roots that replace the rotted ones give the root system a matter or turfed appearance.
    • The roofs were thatched, turfed or covered in wood shingles, depending on available local resources.


Old English, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch turf and German Torf, from an Indo-European root shared by Sanskrit darbha 'tuft of grass'.

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a slit made by cutting with a saw