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understand

Line breaks: under|stand
Pronunciation: /ʌndəˈstand
 
/

Definition of understand in English:

verb (past and past participle understood /-ˈstʊd/)

[with object]
1Perceive the intended meaning of (words, a language, or a speaker): he didn’t understand a word I said he could usually make himself understood [with clause]: she understood what he was saying
More example sentences
  • We knew that he had never been to school and yet he could speak so fluently and be understood by first language speakers.
  • For the most part, speakers of different dialects can make themselves understood to speakers of other dialects.
  • To top it all off, half of the actresses sound like they're trying to speak English without understanding a word of it.
1.1Perceive the significance, explanation, or cause of: she didn’t really understand the situation [with clause]: he couldn’t understand why we burst out laughing
More example sentences
  • Everything makes sense when you're little, because what you don't understand you invent an explanation for.
  • I'm not sure I understood much about the situation in the region.
  • What needs to be understood about the situation is that both leaders are hostage to their own constituencies.
Synonyms
comprehend, apprehend, grasp, see, take in, perceive, discern, make out, puzzle out, recognize, keep up with, master, get to know, follow, fathom, get to the bottom of, penetrate, divine, interpret, unravel, decipher, see the light about, envisage
informal get the hang of, get the drift of, catch on to, latch on to, tumble to, crack, make head or tail of, figure out, dig, get, get one's head around, wrap one's mind around, see daylight, get the picture, get the message
British informal twig, suss out, suss
North American informal savvy
rare cognize
2Interpret or view (something) in a particular way: as the term is usually understood, legislation refers to regulations and directives
More example sentences
  • But Jack rejects this view and understands it for what it is.
  • A lot of people don't understand it and view it as something negative because of the extreme nature of it.
  • It normally understood all points of view equally, but something seemed to be changing with it.
2.1 [with clause] Infer something from information received (often used as a polite formula in conversation): I understand you’re at art school [with object]: as I understood it, she was flying back to the States tomorrow
More example sentences
  • I understand that the information here may challenge some and get a few smirks.
  • I understand that people want information and so would I.
  • The allocation of questions is done to an agreed formula, and I understand that it is done very carefully.
2.2Regard (a missing word, phrase, or idea) as present: present company excepted’ is always understood when sweeping generalizations are being made
2.3 [with clause] Assume to be the case; take for granted: he liked to play the field, that was understood
More example sentences
  • It should be understood that the grant is limited to less than $1,000 annually.
  • It is understood the board viewed two different rough cuts of the film at the beginning of last month.
  • It is usually understood that in order for us to get to know each other, we should talk about sports, politics, and other issues of the day.
Synonyms
believe, be led to believe, be given to understand, think, conclude, come to the conclusion, deduce, infer, draw the inference, assume, surmise, fancy;
gather, take it, hear, hear tell, be informed, notice, see, learn, discover
3Be sympathetically or knowledgeably aware of the character or nature of: Picasso understood colour [with clause]: I understand how you feel
More example sentences
  • There's a sense that this guy is not quite understanding enough or sympathetic enough to the allies' point of view.
  • One would believe that pain would be socially understood and somewhat sympathized with.
  • In the case of Nora, I refused to start writing her as a character until I truly understood her.
Synonyms
appreciate, recognize, realize, acknowledge, know, be aware of, be conscious of, be cognizant of, accept;
commiserate with, feel compassionate towards, sympathize with, empathize with
informal take on board, be wise to

Origin

Old English understandan (see under-, stand).

Derivatives

understander

1
noun
Example sentences
  • He is known as a polymath and a polyglot, a great understander and interpreter of modern culture, but above all as a great student of language and how it functions.

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