Definition of understand in English:


Line breaks: under|stand
Pronunciation: /ʌndəˈstand

verb (past and past participle understood /-ˈstʊd/)

[with object]
  • 1Perceive the intended meaning of (words, a language, or a speaker): he didn’t understand a word I said he could usually make himself understood [with clause]: she understood what he was saying
    More example sentences
    • We knew that he had never been to school and yet he could speak so fluently and be understood by first language speakers.
    • For the most part, speakers of different dialects can make themselves understood to speakers of other dialects.
    • To top it all off, half of the actresses sound like they're trying to speak English without understanding a word of it.
  • 1.1Perceive the significance, explanation, or cause of: she didn’t really understand the situation [with clause]: he couldn’t understand why we burst out laughing
    More example sentences
    • Everything makes sense when you're little, because what you don't understand you invent an explanation for.
    • I'm not sure I understood much about the situation in the region.
    • What needs to be understood about the situation is that both leaders are hostage to their own constituencies.
    comprehend, apprehend, grasp, see, take in, perceive, discern, make out, puzzle out, recognize, keep up with, master, get to know, follow, fathom, get to the bottom of, penetrate, divine, interpret, unravel, decipher, see the light about, envisage
    informal get the hang of, get the drift of, catch on to, latch on to, tumble to, crack, make head or tail of, figure out, dig, get, get one's head around, wrap one's mind around, see daylight, get the picture, get the message
    British informal twig, suss out, suss
    North American informal savvy
    rare cognize
  • 2Interpret or view (something) in a particular way: as the term is usually understood, legislation refers to regulations and directives
    More example sentences
    • But Jack rejects this view and understands it for what it is.
    • A lot of people don't understand it and view it as something negative because of the extreme nature of it.
    • It normally understood all points of view equally, but something seemed to be changing with it.
  • 2.1 [with clause] Infer something from information received (often used as a polite formula in conversation): I understand you’re at art school [with object]: as I understood it, she was flying back to the States tomorrow
    More example sentences
    • I understand that the information here may challenge some and get a few smirks.
    • I understand that people want information and so would I.
    • The allocation of questions is done to an agreed formula, and I understand that it is done very carefully.
  • 2.2Regard (a missing word, phrase, or idea) as present: ‘present company excepted’ is always understood when sweeping generalizations are being made
  • 2.3 [with clause] Assume to be the case; take for granted: he liked to play the field, that was understood
    More example sentences
    • It should be understood that the grant is limited to less than $1,000 annually.
    • It is understood the board viewed two different rough cuts of the film at the beginning of last month.
    • It is usually understood that in order for us to get to know each other, we should talk about sports, politics, and other issues of the day.
    believe, be led to believe, be given to understand, think, conclude, come to the conclusion, deduce, infer, draw the inference, assume, surmise, fancy; gather, take it, hear, hear tell, be informed, notice, see, learn, discover



More example sentences
  • He is known as a polymath and a polyglot, a great understander and interpreter of modern culture, but above all as a great student of language and how it functions.


Old English understandan (see under-, stand).

More definitions of understand

Definition of understand in:

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove ads and access premium resources

Word of the day kerf
Pronunciation: kərf
a slit made by cutting with a saw