Definition of vibrio in English:

Share this entry

vibrio

Pronunciation: /ˈvɪbrɪəʊ/
/ˈvʌɪbrɪəʊ/

noun (plural vibrios)

Medicine
A water-borne bacterium of a group that includes some pathogenic kinds that cause cholera, gastroenteritis, and septicaemia.
Example sentences
  • Current research in molecular biology is aimed at finding out why cholera vibrios are such potent pathogens.
  • Cholera vibrios release a poison that damages the lining of the intestine so that it leaks fluids and salts, and as a result, the patient is intensely dehydrated.
  • In a recent incident, a particularly virulent South American strain of the bacteria vibrio parahaemoliticus, a relative of cholera, was tied to more than 400 cases of serious human illness across 13 states.

Origin

Modern Latin, from Latin vibrare 'vibrate'.

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: vib¦rio

Share this entry
 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.