Definition of vocabulary in English:

vocabulary

Line breaks: vo¦cabu|lary
Pronunciation: /və(ʊ)ˈkabjʊləri
 
/

noun (plural vocabularies)

  • 1The body of words used in a particular language: a comparison of the vocabularies of different languages the Sanskrit vocabulary
    More example sentences
    • Just as the vocabulary of a language changes from age to age, so the vocabularies of different languages are distinct in their systems, uses, and references.
    • It involves comparison to reconstruct, if you like, the ancient vocabularies that present-day languages are derived from.
    • It is often said that the vocabulary of a language is an inventory of the items a culture talks about and has categorized in order to make sense of the world.
    Synonyms
    lexicon, word stock, lexis
  • 1.1The words used in a particular subject or sphere of activity or on a particular occasion: the vocabulary of law [mass noun]: the term became part of business vocabulary
    More example sentences
    • As an added bonus, I realised, new falconers get to learn a vocabulary of Medieval English for free.
    • On some occasions, the vocabulary that she employs in her response to Derrida is recriminatory.
    • Prior to entering, she studied concepts such as defining her business and its services, learning basic business vocabulary, and marketing and management.
  • 1.2The body of words known to an individual person: he had a wide vocabulary
    More example sentences
    • Of all writers, he discovers, Shakespeare has the widest vocabulary relating to the varieties of weeds found in rural Warwickshire.
    • Standards in English could be higher if children used a wider vocabulary and more complex sentences in their oral and written work.
    • This was the day that the word contemplative entered my vocabulary, giving shape to the way I wanted to live my life.
  • 1.3A list of difficult or unfamiliar words with an explanation of their meanings, accompanying a piece of specialist or foreign-language text.
    More example sentences
    • It was right there, the third word in the weekly vocabulary list our teacher had just handed out.
    • It includes sample text, grammar and vocabulary lists and more for 1,445 languages.
    • He compiled the vocabulary by taking words from English, French, German and Latin.
    Synonyms
    wordbook, dictionary, word list, word finder, glossary, lexicon, concordance, thesaurus
  • 2A range of artistic or stylistic forms, techniques, or movements: dance companies have their own vocabularies of movement
    More example sentences
    • Like his Judson colleagues, his choreography eschewed an advanced dance technique, and he incorporated everyday movements into his vocabulary.
    • A visionary, she developed a new and wholly unique dance technique and vocabulary of steps and movements.
    • And though the movement vocabulary was unmistakably balletic, the visual appeal of the work may more often be associated with rock music videos.

Origin

mid 16th century (denoting a list of words with definitions or translations): from medieval Latin vocabularius, from Latin vocabulum (see vocable).

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Pronunciation: skōSH
noun
a small amount; a little