Definition of weather in English:

weather

Line breaks: wea¦ther
Pronunciation: /ˈwɛðə
 
/

noun

[mass noun]
1The state of the atmosphere at a particular place and time as regards heat, cloudiness, dryness, sunshine, wind, rain, etc. if the weather’s good we can go for a walk
More example sentences
  • Due to the bad weather, torrential rain and wind, the game was halted after the first half.
  • After basking in hot summer sunshine, the weather broke and torrential rain and flash floods brought chaos across Greater Manchester.
  • The Met Office has predicted an unsettled period of weather with rain and wind.
Synonyms
temperature, humidity, cloud cover, wind speed, atmospheric pressure;
forecast, outlook
informal met, met report
1.1Cold, wet, and unpleasant or unpredictable atmospheric conditions: stone walls provide shelter from wind and weather
More example sentences
  • We shelter from the weather under a clump of trees.
  • Attaching these to a wall or covering in on one or two sides will help protect those using the shelter from the weather.
1.2 [as modifier] Denoting the side from which the wind is blowing, especially on board a ship; windward: the weather side of the yacht Contrasted with lee.
More example sentences
  • Take the man alongside your boat so the man is on the weather side of your boat.
  • Normal deck duties were not possible, so we continually chipped ice from the weather side, as the sea froze on the deck.
  • The second attempt was made by running in from the stern and passing close down the weather side.

verb

[with object] Back to top  
1Wear away or change the appearance or texture of (something) by long exposure to the atmosphere: [with object and complement]: his skin was weathered almost black by his long outdoor life
More example sentences
  • Old, his face was weathered and wrinkled, but he always had a smile for the strange woman and her sporadic emotional outbursts.
  • A small crevice in the cliff allowed them passage, into a very small, shadowy space between many boulders and the remains of a gnarled, weathered tree.
  • Bill Harney has the gnarled hands and weathered hat of a lifetime's work with cattle.
Synonyms
weather-beaten, eroded, worn, disintegrating, crumbling;
bleached, discoloured, tanned, bronzed;
lined, creased, wrinkled, wizened, shrivelled, gnarled
1.1 [no object] (Of rock or other material) be worn away or altered by long exposure to the atmosphere: the ice sheet preserves specimens that would weather away more quickly in other regions
More example sentences
  • Materials have weathered well in the ten years since the building was completed.
  • Requiring no artificial preservative, the wood weathers naturally and turning silver with age will merge into water and sky.
  • As carbonate rocks weather, the insoluble fractions are introduced into the cave deposits.
2(Of a ship) come safely through (a storm): the sturdy boat had weathered the storm well
More example sentences
  • His ships weathered the storm, sailed west and reached Honduras in Central America.
  • He aides the Master of the ship in trying to weather the storm.
  • Vessels sheltering in the marina seemed to weather the storms very successfully.
2.1Withstand (a difficulty or danger): this year has tested industry’s ability to weather recession
More example sentences
  • The news was welcomed by traders in the city who have weathered a difficult winter, as they vowed to keep up the momentum.
  • We have been able, therefore, to weather a very difficult economic climate.
  • ‘We have successfully weathered the most difficult times in recent years,’ chairman and managing director Lo Yuk-sui said.
Synonyms
withstand, stand up to, bear up against, stand, endure, rise above, surmount, overcome, resist
informal stick out
2.2 Sailing Get to the windward of (a cape).
More example sentences
  • The ship could not weather the Cape Jackson point and was gradually driven on the lee shore.
3Make (boards or tiles) overlap downwards to keep out rain.
4 (usually as noun weathering) Falconry Allow (a hawk) to spend a period perched in the open air.
More example sentences
  • Bobby hoisted his one-year-old son, Aidan, into a backpack and went to transfer two pet hawks from their outdoor weathering perch to an indoor mews.
  • The outdoor facilities are often called the ‘weathering areas’; these areas should be covered with wire or netting or roofed, so that the Red Tailed Hawk is not bothered by other animals.
  • General weathering is very important for young birds.

Origin

Old English weder, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch weer and German Wetter, probably also to the noun wind1.

Phrases

in all weathers

British In every kind of weather, both good and bad: she’s out exercising her dog in all weathers
More example sentences
  • The dog walkers who help at the animal home go out in all weathers to give our dogs the exercise they need and do not even claim expenses for the journey they have to make to and from the centre.
  • She said: ‘I have been in training since last September and I run at least an hour every day, in all weathers!’
  • The successful candidate will ‘need to be able to spend lengths of time on the island in all weathers and be able to deal with the vagaries of life in a wild and lonely place’, according to the job advert, which was placed on Friday.

keep a weather eye on

Observe very carefully, especially for changes or developments: regular bank statements let you keep a weather eye on your finances
More example sentences
  • The legislation sets strict rules on how such data may be used and displayed, levying fines for serious breaches, so it's worth keeping a weather eye on dataprotection.gov.uk to stay within the law.
  • It is important that we do keep a weather eye on the horizon, watching for any significant indications that cyber terror actually will appear.
  • Throughout this debate I have expressed an opinion in favour of removing the offending articles while keeping a weather eye on the wider political agenda.

make heavy weather of

informal Have unnecessary difficulty in dealing with (a task or problem): why do we make such heavy weather of learning languages?
[from the nautical phrase make good or bad weather of it, referring to a ship in a storm]
More example sentences
  • But Councillor Steve Galloway said: ‘I think we are making heavy weather of it all.’
  • Almost week by week the evidence grows of a strengthening and sustainable recovery in the US while the continental economies continue to make heavy weather of a global pick-up.
  • For a serious woman who can make heavy weather of life, she has a very sunny side.

under the weather

informal Slightly unwell or in low spirits: she was sufficiently under the weather to have to pull out of the championship he’s been under the weather since he’s been on his own
More example sentences
  • I feel sick, have a painful headache and feel a bit under the weather, but I know that if I push myself and get out of bed I will feel better.
  • And every time I go for a stroll by the river when I'm feeling a bit under the weather, I come back home wondering why I felt so poorly in the first place.
  • So I'm more than a bit under the weather at present.
Synonyms
ill, unwell, indisposed, ailing, poorly, not (very) well, not oneself, not in good shape, out of sorts, not up to par, under/below par, peaky, liverish;
sick, queasy, nauseous;
British off colour
informal not up to snuff, funny, peculiar, crummy, lousy, rough
British informal ropy, grotty
Scottish informal wabbit
Australian/New Zealand informal crook
dated queer, seedy

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