Definition of year in English:

year

Line breaks: year
Pronunciation: /jɪə, jəː
 
/

noun

1The time taken by the earth to make one revolution around the sun.
More example sentences
  • Roughly half of the American people know that it takes a year for the Earth to go around the Sun.
  • The first of these is called the sidereal year while the second is called the tropical year.
  • Calendar dates of events vary slightly because there is not an exact number of solar days in a year.

The length of the year depends on the manner of calculation. For ordinary purposes the important period is the tropical year (also called astronomical year, equinoctial year, or solar year) which is the time between successive spring or autumn equinoxes, or winter or summer solstices, roughly 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes, and 46 seconds in length. This period thus marks the regular cycle of the seasons. See also sidereal year, anomalistic year

2 (also calendar year or civil year) The period of 365 days (or 366 days in leap years) starting from the first of January, used for reckoning time in ordinary circumstances.
More example sentences
  • Your paycheck will be debited at the same rate each month for the entire calendar year.
  • This is the first big race meeting of the calendar year held in the second weekend of January.
  • The measure applies only to tourist visits not exceeding six months in a calendar year.
2.1A period of twelve months measured from a point other than 1 January: it’s almost a year since his heart attack
More example sentences
  • He just wanted to be a part of the Camp for some time. It could be a period as short as a month or a year.
  • The length of time they are on the medication ranges from nine months to three years.
  • Some can be as short as six weeks, while others run from nine months up to two years.
Synonyms
2.2 [with adjective] A year regarded in terms of the quality of something produced: single-vineyard wine of a good year
More example sentences
  • Advertising is set for its best year since 1999, according to a report out this week.
  • Was it a very good year? The vintage is simply the year that the fruit, usually one or more varieties of grapes, used in making the wine was grown.
  • In a good year, the vineyard produces 9000 bottles of the most sought-after wine.
2.3A period similar to a year used for reckoning time according to other calendars: the Muslim year
More example sentences
  • In the story of how the animals got their years in the Chinese calendar, the Rat won first place.
3 (one's years) One’s age or time of life: she had a composure well beyond her years
4 (years) informal A very long time; ages: it’s going to take years to put that right
More example sentences
  • After many months and years cajoling and calling for clear leadership from the top, it had arrived.
5A set of students grouped together as being of roughly similar ages, mostly entering a school or college in the same academic year: most of the girls in my year were leaving at the end of the term
More example sentences
  • Students in the higher year are able to smoke in the law but they are not allowed to in school.
  • We have made it compulsory for the first year students to attend classes twice a week in the lab.
  • This is our tactic in the Writing Skills course we teach to first year college students.

Origin

Old English gē(a)r, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch jaar and German Jahr, from an Indo-European root shared by Greek hōra 'season'.

Phrases

in the year of grace (or Our Lord) ——

In the year —— ad: he was murdered in the year of grace 1618
[year of grace, suggested by medieval Latin anno gratiae, used by chroniclers]
More example sentences
  • The inscription reads: "Rauf de Cobham of Kent Esquire removed by death the 20th day of January in the year of grace 1402 rests here."
  • Enacted at Paris, in the year of grace 1221, in the month of February, on the sabbath after the feast of St. Matthew the apostle.
  • On the twenty-seventh day of the month of June, in the year of grace 1731, my brother, Bartolomeu Lourenço, rose on his airship from the ancient ramparts of St. Jorge Castle.

—— of the year

A person or thing chosen as outstanding in a specified field or of a specified kind in a particular year: the sports personality of the year
More example sentences
  • This week sees the release of what is meant to be one of the biggest films of the year.
  • It was Morra who had the bright idea of sending the truffle of the year to a celebrity.
  • If the matter was not so serious his letter would be in contention for the joke of the year.

put years on (or take years off) someone

Make someone feel or look older (or younger): the daily grind of moneymaking can put years on a person
More example sentences
  • To assist, Almond has a new blond crop that takes years off him, and a nervous, twitchy dance that matches the music's speedy urgency.
  • The pressure to perform has put years on Robbie Keane's boyish features in a World Cup that has demanded some fast growing up from the younger players.
  • It'll be all those broken hearts, it puts years on you…

a year and a day

The period specified in some legal matters to ensure the completion of a full year.
More example sentences
  • The government reneged, and he received a sentence of a year and a day at Leavenworth.
  • Mr. Freeman is sentenced to a year and a day in prison, but he is released that afternoon.
  • After completing all of the requirements, and after a year and a day, the Newbie becomes a neophyte and may ask for initiation.

the year dot

see dot1.

year in, year out

Continuously or repeatedly over a period of years: they rented the same bungalow year in, year out
More example sentences
  • United have had one or two hiccups which happens because it's hard to continue winning things year in, year out.
  • Housewives put in the hours and produce the results, year in, year out, yet their graft continues to go unrewarded.
  • But that didn't change the fact that I was constantly the punch line at roll call, year in, year out.
Synonyms
repeatedly, again and again, time and (time) again, time after time, over and over (again), {week in, week out}, {day in, day out}, recurrently, continuously, continually, constantly, habitually, regularly, without a break, persistently, unfailingly, always

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Word of the day apposite
Pronunciation: ˈapəzit
adjective
apt in the circumstances or relation to something