(also Chou En-lai)
(1898–1976), Chinese Communist statesman, prime minister of China 1949–76. A founder of the Chinese Communist Party, he organized a Communist workers' revolt in 1927 in Shanghai in support of the Kuomintang forces surrounding the city. As premier, he was a moderating influence during the Cultural Revolution and presided over the moves towards detente with the US in 1972-3.
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