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Bradford, William US English

(1590–1657), American religious and colonial leader. He was a signer of the Mayflower Compact in 1620 and governor of Plymouth Colony sporadically from 1621 until 1656 (1621–32, 1635, 1637, 1639–43, 1645–56)

William Bradford Shockley in Shockley, William US English

(1910–89), US physicist, born in Britain; full name William Bradford Shockley. Shockley and his researchers at Bell Laboratories developed the transistor in 1948. He later became a controversial figure because of his views on race and intelligence. Nobel Prize for Physics (1956), shared with John Bardeen and Walter Brattain