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Ptolemy1 US English

The name of all the Macedonian rulers of Egypt, a dynasty founded by Ptolemy, a close friend and general of Alexander the Great, who took charge of Egypt after the latter’s death and declared himself king (Ptolemy I) in 304 bc. The dynasty ended with the death of Cleopatra in 30 bc

Ptolemy2 US English

Greek astronomer and geographer of the 2nd century ad. His teachings had enormous influence on medieval thought, the geocentric view of the cosmos being adopted as Christian doctrine until the late Renaissance. His Geography was also a standard work for centuries, despite its inaccuracies

Ptolemy II in Pharos US English

A lighthouse, often considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World, erected by Ptolemy II (308–246 bc) in circa 280 bc on the island of Pharos, off the coast of Alexandria

Ptolemy III in Berenice US English

(3rd century bc), Egyptian queen; wife of Ptolemy III. She offered her hair for the safe return of her husband from an expedition; the hair was stolen and, according to legend, placed in the heavens. The constellation Coma Berenices (Berenice’s hair) is named after her