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disease US English

A disorder of structure or function in a human, animal, or plant, especially one that produces specific signs or symptoms or that affects a specific location and is not simply a direct result of physical injury

Borna disease US English

An infectious neurological disease affecting horses and other mammal and bird species, caused by an RNA virus (Borna disease virus)

disease-free US English

Not suffering from, contaminated by, or exposed to a particular disease

wart disease US English

A fungal disease of potatoes which produces warty outgrowths on the tubers

Lyme disease US English

An inflammatory disease characterized at first by a rash, headache, fever, and chills, and later by possible arthritis and neurological and cardiac disorders, caused by bacteria that are transmitted by ticks

celiac disease US English

A disease in which the small intestine is hypersensitive to gluten, leading to difficulty in digesting food

Chagas' disease US English

A disease caused by trypanosomes transmitted by bloodsucking bugs, endemic in South America and causing damage to the heart and central nervous system

caisson disease US English

another term for decompression sickness.

Crohn's disease US English

A chronic inflammatory disease of the intestines, especially the colon and ileum, associated with ulcers and fistulae

disease-ridden US English

Full of or causing disease

Graves' disease US English

A swelling of the neck and protrusion of the eyes resulting from an overactive thyroid gland

Johne's disease US English

A form of chronic enteritis in cattle and sheep, caused by a mycobacterium

social disease US English

A venereal disease

Weil's disease US English

A severe, sometimes fatal, form of leptospirosis transmitted by rats via contaminated water

Marburg disease US English

An acute, often fatal, form of hemorrhagic fever. It is caused by a filovirus (Marburg virus) that normally lives in African monkeys

Marek's disease US English

An infectious disease of poultry caused by a herpesvirus that attacks nerves and causes paralysis or initiates widespread tumor formation

kissing disease US English

A disease transmitted by contact with infected saliva, especially infectious mononucleosis

Paget's disease US English

A chronic disease of elderly people characterized by deterioration of bone tissue, especially in the spine, skull, or pelvis, sometimes causing severe pain; osteitis deformans

Panama disease US English

A fungal disease of bananas producing yellowing and wilting of the leaves

Pick's disease US English

A rare form of progressive dementia, typically occurring in late middle age and often familial, involving localized atrophy of the brain

Addison's disease US English

A disease characterized by progressive anemia, low blood pressure, great weakness, and bronze discoloration of the skin. It is caused by inadequate secretion of hormones by the adrenal cortex

Bornholm disease US English

A viral infection with fever and pain in the muscles of the ribs

Christmas disease US English

A form of haemophilia caused by deficiency of the blood-clotting factor IX rather than the more common factor VIII

Buerger's disease US English

Inflammation and thrombosis in small and medium-sized blood vessels, typically in the legs and leading to gangrene. It has been associated with smoking

Bright's disease US English

A disease involving chronic inflammation of the kidneys

Cushing's disease US English

Cushing’s syndrome as caused by a tumor of the pituitary gland

disease management US English

A system that seeks to manage the chronic conditions of high-risk, high-cost patients as a group

deficiency disease US English

A disease caused by the lack of some essential or important element in the diet, usually a particular vitamin or mineral

Gaucher's disease US English

A hereditary disease in which the metabolism and storage of fats is abnormal. It results in bone fragility, neurological disturbance, anemia, and enlargement of the liver and spleen

Hodgkin's disease US English

A malignant but often curable disease of lymphatic tissues typically causing painless enlargement of the lymph nodes, liver, and spleen

Hansen's disease US English

another name for leprosy.

Kawasaki disease US English

A disease of unknown cause, occurring primarily in young children and giving rise to a rash, glandular swelling, and sometimes damage to the heart

Raynaud's disease US English

A disease characterized by spasm of the arteries in the extremities, especially the fingers (Raynaud’s phenomenon). It is typically brought on by constant cold or vibration, and leads to pallor, pain, numbness, and in severe cases, gangrene

specific disease US English

A disease caused by a particular and characteristic organism

venereal disease US English

A disease typically contracted by sexual contact with a person already infected; a sexually transmitted disease

whirling disease US English

A disease of juvenile trout and salmon caused by a parasitic protozoan, affecting the balance of the fish and causing it to swim with a whirling motion

Ménière's disease US English

A disease of unknown cause affecting the membranous labyrinth of the ear, causing progressive deafness and attacks of tinnitus and vertigo

Minamata disease US English

Chronic poisoning by alkyl mercury compounds from industrial waste, characterized by (usually permanent) impairment of brain functions such as speech, sight, and muscular coordination

Newcastle disease US English

An acute infectious viral fever affecting birds, especially poultry

Peyronie's disease US English

A condition in which a fibrous region forms in the erectile tissue of the penis, causing pain and curvature during erection

Dutch elm disease US English

A fungal disease of elm trees that is spread by elm bark beetles. A virulent strain of the fungus that arose in North America in the early 20th century has destroyed the majority of American elms in many areas

diverticular disease US English

A condition in which muscle spasm in the colon (lower intestine) in the presence of diverticula causes abdominal pain and disturbance of bowel function without inflammation

Hirschsprung's disease US English

A congenital condition in which the rectum and part of the colon fail to develop a normal system of nerves, and consequently feces accumulate in the colon following birth

Hashimoto's disease US English

An autoimmune disease causing chronic inflammation and consequential failure of the thyroid gland

legionnaires' disease US English

A form of bacterial pneumonia first identified after an outbreak at an American Legion meeting in 1976. It is spread chiefly by water droplets through air conditioning and similar systems

Tay–Sachs disease US English

An inherited metabolic disorder in which certain lipids accumulate in the brain, causing spasticity and death in childhood

tsutsugamushi disease US English

another term for scrub typhus.

mad cow disease US English

Bovine spongiform encephalopathy

Parkinson's disease US English

A progressive disease of the nervous system marked by tremor, muscular rigidity, and slow, imprecise movement, chiefly affecting middle-aged and elderly people. It is associated with degeneration of the basal ganglia of the brain and a deficiency of the neurotransmitter dopamine

brittle bone disease US English

another term for osteogenesis imperfecta.


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