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law US English

The system of rules that a particular country or community recognizes as regulating the actions of its members and may enforce by the imposition of penalties

principle of parsimony US English

The scientific principle that things are usually connected or behave in the simplest or most economical way, especially with reference to alternative evolutionary pathways

en passant rule US English

The rule that a pawn making a first move of two squares instead of one may nevertheless be immediately captured by an opposing pawn on the fifth rank

the law in law US English

The system of rules that a particular country or community recognizes as regulating the actions of its members and may enforce by the imposition of penalties

the Law in law US English

The Pentateuch as distinct from the other parts of the Hebrew Bible (the Prophets and the Writings)

Law, Bonar US English

(1858–1923), Canadian-born British Conservative statesman, Prime Minister 1922-3; full name Andrew Bonar Law. He was leader of the Conservative Party 1911–21. He retired in 1921, but returned in 1922, following Lloyd George’s resignation, to become Prime Minister for six months

Law, Denis US English

(B.1940), Scottish footballer. A striker, he made his international debut in 1958 and went on to win forty caps for Scotland. He had his greatest success with Manchester United

in-law US English

A relative by marriage

at law in law US English

According to or concerned with the laws of a country

at law US English

According to or concerned with the laws of a country

blue law US English

A law prohibiting certain activities, such as shopping, on a Sunday

civil law US English

The system of law concerned with private relations between members of a community rather than criminal, military, or religious affairs

case law US English

The law as established by the outcome of former cases

canon law US English

Ecclesiastical law, especially (in the Roman Catholic Church) that laid down by papal pronouncements

law agent US English

(In Scotland) a solicitor

law clerk US English

An assistant to a judge, typically a recent law-school graduate, whose function is to do legal research, help write opinions, and provide general assistance

law court US English

A court of law

law lord US English

(In the UK) a member of the House of Lords qualified to perform its legal work

law term US English

A period appointed for the sitting of law courts

land law US English

The law governing real property

Poor Law US English

A law relating to the support of the poor. Originally the responsibility of the parish, the relief and employment of the poor passed over to the workhouses in 1834. In the early 20th century, the Poor Law was replaced by social security

power law US English

A relationship between two quantities such that one is proportional to a fixed power of the other

Say's law US English

A law stating that supply creates its own demand

Salic law US English

A law excluding females from dynastic succession, especially as the alleged fundamental law of the French monarchy

Roman law US English

The law code of the ancient Romans, which forms the basis of civil law in many countries today

Sod's Law US English

another name for Murphy's Law.

moral law US English

(In some systems of ethics) an absolute principle defining the criteria of right action (whether conceived as a divine ordinance or a truth of reason)

Oral Law US English

The part of Jewish religious law believed to have been passed down by oral tradition before being collected in the Mishnah

Ohm's law US English

A law stating that electric current is proportional to voltage and inversely proportional to resistance

Bode's law US English

A formula by which the distances of the first seven planets from the sun are roughly derived in terms of powers of two

Boyle's law US English

A law stating that the pressure of a given mass of an ideal gas is inversely proportional to its volume at a constant temperature

common law US English

The part of English law that is derived from custom and judicial precedent rather than statutes. Often contrasted with statutory law

Grimm's law US English

The observation that certain Indo-European consonants (mainly stops) undergo regular changes in the Germanic languages that are not seen in non-Germanic languages such as Greek or Latin. Examples include p becoming f so that Latin pedem corresponds to English foot and German Fuss. The principle was set out by Jacob Grimm in his German grammar (2nd edition, 1822)

Henry's law US English

A law stating that the mass of a dissolved gas in a given volume of solvent at equilibrium is proportional to the partial pressure of the gas

higher law US English

A moral or religious principle that is believed to overrule secular constitutions and laws

Joule's law US English

A law stating that the heat produced by an electric current i flowing through a resistance R for a time t is proportional to i2Rt

Hooke's law US English

A law stating that the strain in a solid is proportional to the applied stress within the elastic limit of that solid

go to law in law US English

Resort to legal action in order to settle a matter

go to law US English

Resort to legal action in order to settle a matter

law-abiding US English

Obedient to the laws of society

law centre US English

(In the UK) an independent publicly funded advisory service on legal matters

law-giving US English

Relating to the making or enacting of laws; legislative

law office US English

A lawyer’s office

Law Officer US English

(In England and Wales) the Attorney General or the Solicitor General, or (in Scotland) the Lord Advocate or the Solicitor General for Scotland

Law Society US English

The professional body responsible for regulating solicitors in England and Wales, established in 1825

Lenz's law US English

A law stating that the direction of an induced current is always such as to oppose the change in the circuit or the magnetic field that produces it

private law US English

A branch of the law that deals with the relations between individuals or institutions, rather than relations between these and the government

public law US English

The law of relationships between individuals and the government

shield law US English

A law that protects witnesses from revealing certain information, especially in court

square law US English

A law relating two variables, one of which varies (directly or inversely) as the square of the other


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