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linguistics US English

The scientific study of language and its structure, including the study of morphology, syntax, phonetics, and semantics. Specific branches of linguistics include sociolinguistics, dialectology, psycholinguistics, computational linguistics, historical-comparative linguistics, and applied linguistics

applied linguistics US English

The branch of linguistics concerned with practical applications of language studies, for example language teaching, translation, and speech therapy

historical linguistics US English

The study of the history and development of languages

structural linguistics US English

The branch of linguistics that deals with language as a system of interrelated structures, in particular the theories and methods of Leonard Bloomfield, emphasizing the accurate identification of syntactic and lexical form as opposed to meaning and historical development

comparative linguistics US English

The study of similarities and differences between languages, in particular the comparison of related languages with a view to reconstructing forms in their lost parent languages

computational linguistics US English

The branch of linguistics in which the techniques of computer science are applied to the analysis and synthesis of language and speech

quantitative linguistics US English

The comparative study of the frequency and distribution of words and syntactic structures in different texts

statistical linguistics US English

The application of statistical techniques to language analysis, typically using a large machine-readable corpus, in order to discover general principles of linguistic behaviour, genre difference, etc.

neurolinguistics US English

The branch of linguistics dealing with the relationship between language and the structure and functioning of the brain

sociolinguistics US English

The study of language in relation to social factors, including differences of regional, class, and occupational dialect, gender differences, and bilingualism

systemic grammar US English

A method of analysis based on the conception of language as a network of systems determining the options from which speakers choose in accordance with their communicative goals

systemic linguistics in systemic grammar US English

A method of analysis based on the conception of language as a network of systems determining the options from which speakers choose in accordance with their communicative goals


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