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p US English

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P1 US English

The sixteenth letter of the alphabet

P2 US English

Pastor

p in penny US English

A British bronze coin and monetary unit equal to one hundredth of a pound

P US English

The sixteenth letter of the alphabet

p in P1 US English

The sixteenth letter of the alphabet

phosphorus US English

The chemical element of atomic number 15, a poisonous, combustible nonmetal that exists in two common allotropic forms, white phosphorus, a yellowish waxy solid that ignites spontaneously in air and glows in the dark, and red phosphorus, a less reactive form used in making matches

P in phosphorus US English

The chemical element of atomic number 15, a poisonous, combustible nonmetal that exists in two common allotropic forms, white phosphorus, a yellowish waxy solid that ignites spontaneously in air and glows in the dark, and red phosphorus, a less reactive form used in making matches

P. in pelargonium US English

A tender shrubby plant that is widely cultivated for its red, pink, or white flowers. Some kinds have fragrant leaves that yield an essential oil

P & L US English

Profit and loss account

P & O US English

Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company

p/c US English

Petty cash

p. & p. US English

Postage and packing

p. & h. US English

Postage and handling

P-trap US English

A trap consisting of a U-bend with the upper part of its outlet arm bent horizontally

p-type US English

Denoting a region in a semiconductor in which electrical conduction is due chiefly to the movement of positive holes

p-code US English

another term for pseudocode.

K of P US English

Knights of Pythias

vitamin P US English

The bioflavonoids, regarded collectively as a vitamin

p/e ratio US English

Price-earnings ratio

P-Celtic US English

another term for Brythonic.

p–n junction US English

A boundary between p-type and n-type material in a semiconductor device, functioning as a rectifier

S & P 500 US English

Standard & Poor’s 500

substance P US English

A compound thought to be involved in the synaptic transmission of pain and other nerve impulses. It is a polypeptide with eleven amino-acid residues

Botha, P. W. US English

(1916–2006), South African statesman; full name Pieter Willem Botha. As prime minister 1978–84 and state president 1984–89, he was an authoritarian leader who continued to enforce apartheid, but in response to pressure, he introduced limited reforms

James, P. D. US English

Baroness James of Holland Park (1920-), English detective novelist; full name Phyllis Dorothy James. Her novels feature the detective Adam Dalgliesh and include An Unsuitable Job for a Woman (1972), A Certain Justice (1997), and Death in Holy Orders (2001)

Snow, C. P. US English

1st Baron Snow of Leicester (1905–80), English novelist and scientist; full name Charles Percy Snow. He is best known for his sequence of 11 novels, starting with Strangers and Brothers (1940), that deals with moral dilemmas in the academic world and for his lecture Two Cultures (1959)

Wren, P. C. US English

(1885–1941), English novelist; full name Percival Christopher Wren. He is best known for his romantic adventure stories dealing with life in the French Foreign Legion, the first of which was Beau Geste (1924)

P's in P1 US English

The sixteenth letter of the alphabet

profit and loss account US English

An account in the books of an organization to which incomes and gains are credited and expenses and losses debited, so as to show the net profit or loss over a given period

P & L in profit and loss account US English

An account in the books of an organization to which incomes and gains are credited and expenses and losses debited, so as to show the net profit or loss over a given period

Barnum, P. T. US English

(1810–91), US showman; full name Phineas Taylor Barnum. He was noted for his extravagant advertising and exhibition of freaks at his museum in New York City. When his circus opened in 1871, he billed it as “The Greatest Show on Earth”; ten years later, he founded the Barnum and Bailey circus with former rival Anthony Bailey (1847–1906)

Hartley, L. P. US English

(1895–1972), English novelist and short-story writer; full name Leslie Poles Hartley. Much of his work deals with memory and the effects of childhood experience on adult life and character. Notable novels: The Shrimp and the Anemone (1944) and The Go-Between (1953)

Morgan, J. P. US English

(1837–1913), US financier, philanthropist, and art collector; full name John Pierpont Morgan. He created General Electric in 1891 and the US Steel Corporation in 1901. He bequeathed his large art collection to the Museum of Modern Art in New York City

Chase, Salmon P. US English

(1808–73), US chief justice 1864–73; full name Salmon Portland Chase. He served in the US Senate 1849–55, as governor of Ohio 1855–59, and as US secretary of the treasury 1861–64, during which time he established the national banking system and issued the first “greenbacks.”

Marquand, J. P. US English

(1893–1960), US writer; full name John Phillips Marquand. He created the character Mr. Moto, a Japanese detective featured in several of his novels, such as Last Laugh, Mr. Moto (1942). His other works include The Late George Apley (1937), Point of No Return (1949), and Women and Thomas Harrow (1958)

Herbert, Sir A. P. US English

(1890–1970), English writer and politician; full name Alan Patrick Herbert. He wrote novels, items for the magazine Punch, and libretti for comic operas. As an MP, he was best known for introducing legislation to reform the divorce laws

Williams, J. P. R. US English

(B.1949), Welsh rugby union player; full name John Peter Rhys Williams. One of the leading full backs of the 1970s, Williams played for his country and for the British Lions

Beauregard, P. G. T. US English

(1818–93), Confederate army officer; full name Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard. He served as superintendent of the US Military Academy at West Point, but resigned in 1861 to join the Confederacy. He commanded the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter, which officially began the Civil War

Rao, P. V. Narasimha US English

(1921–2004), Indian statesman, Prime Minister 1991-6; full name Pamulaparti Venkata Narasimha Rao

Wodehouse, Sir P. G. US English

(1881–1975), English writer; full name Pelham Grenville Wodehouse. His best-known works are humorous stories of the upper-class world of Bertie Wooster and his valet Jeeves, the first of which appeared in 1917

halfpennyworth US English

As much as could be bought for a halfpenny

ha'p'orth in halfpennyworth US English

As much as could be bought for a halfpenny

Standard & Poor's 500 US English

A group of 500 companies whose average daily share prices are used to calculate an index of the day’s security prices

P. elata in afrormosia US English

The tree that yields afrormosia timber, occurring mainly in West Africa

P. fusca in albatross US English

A very large oceanic bird related to the shearwaters, with long narrow wings. Albatrosses, some species of which have wingspans greater than 10 feet (3.3 m), are found mainly in the southern oceans, with three kinds in the North Pacific

P. lutea in milkwort US English

A small plant that was formerly believed to increase the milk yield of cows and nursing mothers. Its tiny flowers, which may be white, pink, yellow-orange, blue, or greenish, usually appear in cloverlike heads

P. rubra in frangipani US English

A tropical American tree or shrub with clusters of fragrant white, pink, or yellow flowers

P. lowei in beardfish US English

A small bottom-dwelling marine fish of deep water, with a long pair of fleshy barbels beneath the chin

P. gutta in gutta-percha US English

A hard, tough thermoplastic substance that is the coagulated latex of certain Malaysian trees. It consists chiefly of a hydrocarbon isomeric with rubber and is now used chiefly in dentistry and for electrical insulation


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