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scale1 US English

Each of the small, thin horny or bony plates protecting the skin of fish and reptiles, typically overlapping one another

scale2 US English

An instrument for weighing. Scales were originally simple balances (pairs of scales) but are now usually devices with an internal weighing mechanism housed under a platform on which the thing to be weighed is placed, with a gauge or electronic display showing the weight

scale3 US English

A graduated range of values forming a standard system for measuring or grading something

to scale in scale3 US English

With a uniform reduction or enlargement

in scale in scale3 US English

(Of a drawing or model) in proportion to the surroundings

scale something up in scale3 US English

Increase something (or be increased) in size or number

to scale US English

With a uniform reduction or enlargement

in scale US English

(Of a drawing or model) in proportion to the surroundings

pay scale US English

A graded scale of wages or salaries paid within a particular organization or profession

Baumé scale US English

A scale with arbitrary markings, used with a hydrometer to measure the relative density of liquids

Brix scale US English

A hydrometer scale for measuring the amount of sugar in a solution at a given temperature

full-scale US English

Of the same size as the thing represented

large-scale US English

Involving large numbers or a large area; extensive

scale armor US English

Armor consisting of small overlapping plates of metal, leather, or horn

scale board US English

Very thin wood used (especially formerly) in bookbinding, making hatboxes, and backing pictures

scale leaf US English

A small modified leaf, especially a colorless membranous one, such as on a rhizome or forming part of a bulb

small-scale US English

Of limited size or extent

Mohs' scale US English

A scale of hardness used in classifying minerals. It runs from 1 to 10 using a series of reference minerals, and a position on the scale depends on the ability to scratch minerals rated lower

Fujita scale US English

A scale of tornado severity with numbers from 0 to 6, based on the degree of observed damage

Kelvin scale US English

A scale of temperature with absolute zero as zero, and the triple point of water as exactly 273.16 degrees

Richter scale US English

A numerical scale for expressing the magnitude of an earthquake on the basis of seismograph oscillations. The more destructive earthquakes typically have magnitudes between about 5.5 and 8.9; the scale is logarithmic and a difference of one represents an approximate thirtyfold difference in magnitude

Réaumur scale US English

An obsolete scale of temperature at which water freezes at 0° and boils at 80° under standard conditions

scale insect US English

A small insect with a protective shieldlike scale. It spends most of its life attached by its mouth to a single plant, sometimes occurring in such large numbers that it becomes a serious pest

sliding scale US English

A scale of fees, taxes, wages, etc., that varies in accordance with variation of some standard

social scale US English

another term for social ladder.

vernier scale US English

see vernier.

Likert scale US English

A scale used to represent people’s attitudes to a topic

Beaufort scale US English

A scale of wind speed based on a visual estimation of the wind’s effects, ranging from force 0 (less than 1 knot or 1 mph, “calm”) to force 12 (64 knots or 74 mph and above, “hurricane”)

scale something down in scale3 US English

Reduce something (or be reduced) in size, number or extent, especially by a constant proportion across the board

Mercalli scale US English

A twelve-point scale for expressing the local intensity of an earthquake, ranging from I (virtually imperceptible) to XII (total destruction)

off the scale in scale3 US English

Of or to a degree or level that is far in excess of what is normal or notionally measurable

scale something back in scale3 US English

Reduce something in size, number, or extent, especially by a constant proportion across the board

off the scale US English

Of or to a degree or level that is far in excess of what is normal or notionally measurable

scale something up US English

Increase something (or be increased) in size or number

Binet–Simon scale US English

The measurement of intelligence by the application of a test (see Binet-Simon test) consisting of tasks and problems graded in terms of mental age

economy of scale in economy US English

A proportionate saving in costs gained by an increased level of production

economy of scale US English

A proportionate saving in costs gained by an increased level of production

whole-tone scale US English

A scale consisting entirely of intervals of a tone, with no semitones

cottony-cushion scale US English

An Australian scale insect with a large fluted cottony egg sac, infesting citrus trees. It threatened to destroy the Californian citrus industry until it was controlled by the introduction of the Australian vedalia beetle

scale something back US English

Reduce something in size, number, or extent, especially by a constant proportion across the board

scale something down US English

Reduce something (or be reduced) in size, number or extent, especially by a constant proportion across the board

Fahrenheit US English

The Fahrenheit scale of temperature

descale US English

Remove deposits of scale from

rescale US English

Alter the scale of (something), typically to make it smaller or simpler

downscale US English

Reduce in size, scale, or extent

grayscale US English

A range of gray shades from white to black, as used in a monochrome display or printout

nanoscale US English

Of a size measurable in nanometers or microns

mesoscale US English

An intermediate scale, especially that between the scales of weather systems and of microclimates, on which storms and other phenomena occur

scaleworm US English

A marine bristle worm with scales on the upper surface that have a protective function, and in some species are able to luminesce


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