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virus US English

An infective agent that typically consists of a nucleic acid molecule in a protein coat, is too small to be seen by light microscopy, and is able to multiply only within the living cells of a host

virus US Thesaurus

the child caught a virus

DNA virus US English

A virus in which the genetic information is stored in the form of DNA (as opposed to RNA)

RNA virus US English

A virus in which the genetic information is stored in the form of RNA (as opposed to DNA)

slow virus US English

A virus or viruslike organism that multiplies slowly in the host organism and has a long incubation period

Norwalk virus US English

A virus that can cause epidemics of severe gastroenteritis. It has been subsumed under the genus Norovirus

polyoma virus US English

Any of a group of DNA viruses that are usually endemic in their host species without causing disease but that can cause tumors when injected into other species

Sendai virus US English

A parainfluenza virus that causes disease of the upper respiratory tract in mice and is used in the laboratory to produce cell fusion

Coxsackie virus US English

Any of a group of enteroviruses that cause various respiratory, neurological, and muscular diseases in humans

Epstein–Barr virus US English

A herpesvirus causing infectious mononucleosis and associated with certain cancers, for example Burkitt’s lymphoma

West Nile virus US English

A flavivirus of African origin that can be spread to humans and other mammals via mosquitoes, causing encephalitis and flulike symptoms, with some fatalities

Epstein–Barr virus New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

herpesvirus causing glandular fever

tobacco mosaic virus US English

A virus that causes mosaic disease in tobacco, much used in biochemical research

respiratory syncytial virus US English

A paramyxovirus that causes disease of the respiratory tract. It is a major cause of bronchiolitis and pneumonia in young children and may be a contributing factor in sudden infant death syndrome

human T cell lymphotropic virus US English

Any of a group of retroviruses that cause disease by attacking T cells

HIV New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

human immunodeficiency virus, a retrovirus which causes Aids

antivirus US English

(Of software) designed to detect and destroy computer viruses

Ebola US English

An infectious and frequently fatal disease marked by fever and severe internal bleeding, spread through contact with infected body fluids by a filovirus (Ebola virus), whose normal host species is unknown

echovirus US English

Any of a group of enteroviruses that can cause a range of diseases, including respiratory infections and a mild form of meningitis

ECHO virus in echovirus US English

Any of a group of enteroviruses that can cause a range of diseases, including respiratory infections and a mild form of meningitis

Machupo US English

A South American arenavirus carried by rodents, which causes a rare form of haemorrhagic fever in humans

Machupo virus in Machupo US English

A South American arenavirus carried by rodents, which causes a rare form of haemorrhagic fever in humans

Marburg disease US English

An acute, often fatal, form of hemorrhagic fever. It is caused by a filovirus (Marburg virus) that normally lives in African monkeys

coxsackie virus in Coxsackie virus US English

Any of a group of enteroviruses that cause various respiratory, neurological, and muscular diseases in humans

computer virus in virus US English

A piece of code that is capable of copying itself and typically has a detrimental effect, such as corrupting the system or destroying data

Ebola virus in Ebola US English

An infectious and frequently fatal disease marked by fever and severe internal bleeding, spread through contact with infected body fluids by a filovirus (Ebola virus), whose normal host species is unknown

Borna disease US English

An infectious neurological disease affecting horses and other mammal and bird species, caused by an RNA virus (Borna disease virus)

Marburg virus in Marburg disease US English

An acute, often fatal, form of hemorrhagic fever. It is caused by a filovirus (Marburg virus) that normally lives in African monkeys

human papillomavirus US English

A virus with subtypes that cause diseases in humans ranging from common warts to cervical cancer

Borna disease virus in Borna disease US English

An infectious neurological disease affecting horses and other mammal and bird species, caused by an RNA virus (Borna disease virus)


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