The whole system and structure of a language or of languages in general, usually taken as consisting of syntax and morphology (including inflections) and sometimes also phonology and semantics
(A) grammar postulating the existence of two word classes in early infant speech, pivot words and a larger open class.
A form of grammar in which the structure of sentences is analysed in terms of semantic case relationships
The grammar of the most superficial or easily observable level of language, as opposed to that of an underlying level.
A computer program which checks the grammar of a piece of text
(In the UK) a state secondary school to which pupils are admitted on the basis of ability. Since 1965 most have been absorbed into the comprehensive school system
Linguistics the study of the grammatical development of a language over time; a treatise or book on this.
A linguistic theory which maintains that a grammar is built up from individual syntactic units, each of which has a corresponding semantic unit.
A system of grammatical rules set up as a standard to which language in use must conform.
A theory of grammar in which clauses are analysed as networks of relationships rather than in terms of phrase structure.
The method of studying or teaching language by analysing its grammatical structure (according to structural linguistic principles); a grammar based on this.
A set of universal principles posited as underlying the grammars of all natural languages; specifically (in later use) such principles regarded as reflecting innate structures of the human mind and serving as the foundation for language acquisition (also with capital initials).
A theory of grammar that seeks to characterize, in a psychologically realistic way, those structures and abilities that constitute a speaker’s grasp of linguistic convention, and to relate them to other cognitive processes
A theory of grammar concerned with the social and pragmatic functions of language, relating these to both formal syntactic properties and prosodic properties
A type of grammar which describes a language in terms of a set of logical rules formulated so as to be capable of generating the infinite number of possible sentences of that language and providing them with the correct structural description
A method of analysis based on the conception of language as a network of systems determining the options from which speakers choose in accordance with their communicative goals
A description of the rules or strategies which people use when they produce and understand sentences.
A grammar whose pre-built rules find matches in the given sentences of a corpus.
A deliberately oversimplified form of generative grammar, which generates sentences by working through word by word in a strictly linear fashion. It was used by Chomsky to illustrate the need for more complex features, such as transformations, to account adequately for real language
A type of grammar which describes a language in terms of transformations applied to an underlying logical deep structure in order to generate the surface structure of sentences which can actually occur
Linguistics. The structure of a sentence analysed into its constituent phrases. Usually attributive, especially in phrase structure grammar.