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grammar British & World English

The whole system and structure of a language or of languages in general, usually taken as consisting of syntax and morphology (including inflections) and sometimes also phonology and semantics

case grammar British & World English

A form of grammar in which the structure of sentences is analysed in terms of semantic case relationships

grammar school British & World English

(In the UK) a state secondary school to which pupils are admitted on the basis of ability. Since 1965 most have been absorbed into the comprehensive school system

cognitive grammar British & World English

A theory of grammar that seeks to characterize, in a psychologically realistic way, those structures and abilities that constitute a speaker’s grasp of linguistic convention, and to relate them to other cognitive processes

functional grammar British & World English

A theory of grammar concerned with the social and pragmatic functions of language, relating these to both formal syntactic properties and prosodic properties

generative grammar British & World English

A type of grammar which describes a language in terms of a set of logical rules formulated so as to be capable of generating the infinite number of possible sentences of that language and providing them with the correct structural description

systemic grammar British & World English

A method of analysis based on the conception of language as a network of systems determining the options from which speakers choose in accordance with their communicative goals

finite state grammar British & World English

A deliberately oversimplified form of generative grammar, which generates sentences by working through word by word in a strictly linear fashion. It was used by Chomsky to illustrate the need for more complex features, such as transformations, to account adequately for real language

transformational grammar British & World English

A type of grammar which describes a language in terms of transformations applied to an underlying logical deep structure in order to generate the surface structure of sentences which can actually occur


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