A threatened penalty for disobeying a law or rule
codes of practice should be accompanied by sanctions for offenders
A sanction against a nation or state that targets specific persons (especially members of the ruling elite) or particular imported (especially military) goods, in order to minimize the adverse effects on the general civilian population; frequently in plural.
An imperial or royal decree that has the force of law
A document drafted in 1717 by the Emperor Charles VI providing for his daughter Maria Theresa to succeed to all his territories should he die without a son. Opposition to it led to the War of the Austrian Succession on Charles’s death in 1740