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virus British & World English

An infective agent that typically consists of a nucleic acid molecule in a protein coat, is too small to be seen by light microscopy, and is able to multiply only within the living cells of a host

virus English Thesaurus

virology

DNA virus British & World English

A virus in which the genetic information is stored in the form of DNA (as opposed to RNA)

RNA virus British & World English

A virus in which the genetic information is stored in the form of RNA (as opposed to DNA)

slow virus British & World English

A virus or virus-like organism that multiplies slowly in the host organism and has a long incubation period

Norwalk virus British & World English

A virus which can cause epidemics of severe gastroenteritis

polyoma virus British & World English

Any of a group of papovaviruses that are usually endemic in their host species without causing disease but which can cause tumours when injected into other species

Sendai virus British & World English

A parainfluenza virus which causes disease of the upper respiratory tract in mice and is used in the laboratory to produce cell fusion

Coxsackie virus British & World English

Any of a group of enteroviruses which cause various respiratory, neurological, and muscular diseases in humans

Epstein–Barr virus British & World English

A herpesvirus causing glandular fever and associated with certain cancers, for example Burkitt’s lymphoma

West Nile virus British & World English

A flavivirus originally isolated in eastern Africa, transmitted by mosquitoes, usually between birds, but sometimes causing epidemics of disease (typically fever or encephalitis) in humans and horses

Epstein–Barr virus New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

herpesvirus causing glandular fever

tobacco mosaic virus British & World English

A virus that causes mosaic disease in tobacco, much used in biochemical research

respiratory syncytial virus British & World English

A paramyxovirus which causes disease of the respiratory tract. It is a major cause of bronchiolitis and pneumonia in young children, and may be a contributing factor in cot death

human T cell lymphotropic virus British & World English

Any of a group of retroviruses that cause disease by attacking T cells

HIV New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

human immunodeficiency virus, a retrovirus which causes Aids

antivirus British & World English

(Of software) designed to detect and destroy computer viruses

Ebola fever British & World English

An infectious and generally fatal disease marked by fever and severe internal bleeding, spread through contact with infected body fluids by a filovirus (Ebola virus), whose normal host species is unknown

echovirus British & World English

Any of a group of enteroviruses which can cause respiratory infections and a mild form of meningitis

ECHO virus in echovirus British & World English

Any of a group of enteroviruses which can cause respiratory infections and a mild form of meningitis

Machupo British & World English

A South American arenavirus carried by rodents, which causes a rare form of haemorrhagic fever in humans

Machupo virus in Machupo British & World English

A South American arenavirus carried by rodents, which causes a rare form of haemorrhagic fever in humans

Marburg disease British & World English

An acute, often fatal, form of haemorrhagic fever. It is caused by a filovirus (Marburg virus) which normally lives in African monkeys

computer virus in virus British & World English

A piece of code which is capable of copying itself and typically has a detrimental effect, such as corrupting the system or destroying data

Ebola virus in Ebola fever British & World English

An infectious and generally fatal disease marked by fever and severe internal bleeding, spread through contact with infected body fluids by a filovirus (Ebola virus), whose normal host species is unknown

Borna disease British & World English

An infectious neurological disease affecting horses and other mammal and bird species, caused by an RNA virus (Borna disease virus)

Marburg virus in Marburg disease British & World English

An acute, often fatal, form of haemorrhagic fever. It is caused by a filovirus (Marburg virus) which normally lives in African monkeys

human papillomavirus British & World English

A virus with subtypes that cause diseases in humans ranging from common warts to cervical cancer

Borna disease virus in Borna disease British & World English

An infectious neurological disease affecting horses and other mammal and bird species, caused by an RNA virus (Borna disease virus)


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