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catch

Pronunciation: /katʃ/

Translation of catch in Arabic:

transitive verb/فعل متعد (past tense/زمن الماضي, past participle/اسم المفعول caught)

  • 1 (to hold and retain) الْتَقَطَ (VIII), أَمْسَكَ (IV) [a ball] [fruit] there was a bucket to catch the water كانَتْ هُناكَ دَلْوٌ لِيَسيلَ فيها الماءُ
  • 2 (to capture criminals) قَبَضَ (stem vowel = i) (I) (+ على) [a robber] [murderer]; (to capture animals) صادَ (stem vowel = i) (I), اصْطادَ (VIII) [a mouse] [fish] to get caught ضُبِطَ if caught early enough, the disease can be cured إذا تَمَّ اكْتِشافُ المَرَضِ مُبَكِّراً، كانَ العِلاجُ مُمْكِناً
  • 3 (to take by surprise) فاجَأَ (III), ضَبَطَ (I) (stem vowel = i or u), باغَتَ (III) to catch sb doing sth ضَبَطَ شَخْصاً يَفْعَلُ شَيْئاً you wouldn't catch me smoking! لن تَضْبِطَني وَأَنا أُدَخِّنُ! we got caught in the rain فوجِئْنا بالمَطَرِ you've caught me at a bad time جِئْتَني في وَقْتٍ سَيِّئٍ
  • 4 (to be in time for) لَحِقَ (stem vowel = a) (I) (+ ب), أَدْرَكَ (IV) [a bus] [train] [plane] to catch the post أَدْرَكَ البَريدَ
  • 5 [informal/غير رسمي], (to manage to see) أَدْرَكَ (IV) [a movie] [show] [programme] I managed to catch her in (at home) ‫تَمَكَّنْتُ من اللَحاقِ بِها في المَنْزِلِ‬
  • 6 (to grasp) مَسَكَ (stem vowel = i or u) (I), أَمْسَكَ (IV) [sb's arm] [hand] to catch hold of sth/sb أَمْسَكَ شَيْئاً \ شَخْصاً to catch sb's eye or attention لَفَتَ \ جَذَبَ انْتِباهَ شَخْصٍ to catch sb's imagination/interest جَذَبَ اهْتِمامَ شَخْصٍ
  • 7 (to trap, entangle) عَلِقَ (stem vowel = a) (I) mind you don't catch your fingers in the door انْتِبِهْ حتّى لا تَشْتَبِكَ أَصابِعُكَ في البابِ I caught my sleeve on a nail عَلِقَ كُمّي في مِسْمارٍ
  • 9 أُصيبَ ب [a disease] [an infection] to catch a cold أُصيبَ بِبَرْدٍ you've caught the sun (British English/الإنكليزية البريطانية) أُصِبْتَ بِحُروقِ الشَمْسِ
  • 10 (to hit, strike) أَصابَ (IV) [a person] [sb's arm] [head] the ball caught me on the side of the head أَصابَتْني الكُرةُ في جانِبِ رَأْسي
  • 11 (in phrases) to catch fire or light اشْتَعَلَتْ فيهِ النيرانُ to catch the light بَرَق في الضَوْءِ to catch one's breath الْتَقَطَ أَنْفاسَهُ

intransitive verb/فعل غير متعد (past tense/زمن الماضي, past participle/اسم المفعول caught)

  • 1 (to try to grasp)to catch at sth أَمْسَكَ \ حاوَلَ الإمْساكَ بِشَيْءٍ
  • 2 (to become stuck) [sleeve] [hair] عَلِقَ (I) (stem vowel = a) my sleeve caught on a hook/in the door عَلِقَ كُمّي في الخُطّافِ \ البابِ
  • 3 (to start burning) [wood] [fire] ‫بَدَأَ في الاشْتِعالِ‬

noun/اسم

  • 1 (in games) الْتِقاط to take or (American English/الإنكليزية الأمريكية) make a catch ‫قامَ بالْتِقاطِ الكُرةِ‬ to play catch لَعِبَ لُعْبةَ قَذْفِ وَالْتِقاطِ الكُرةِ
  • 3 [informal/غير رسمي], (drawback) ([ خَفيّ ]) عَيْب it sounds good, but what's the catch? يَبْدو جَيِّداً، وَلَكِنْ أَيْنَ يَكْمُنُ العَيْبُ؟
  • 4 (break in the voice) with a catch in his voice بِتَهَدُّجٍ في صَوْتِهِ
  • 5 (many fish) ‫صَيْد وَفير‬; (one fish) سَمَكة
  • 6 (marriage partner) a good catch عَريس لُقْطة [informal/غير رسمي]

Phrasal verbs

catch on

(to become popular) [idea] [trend] اشْتَهَرَ (VIII), انْتَشَرَ (VIII) 1.1 (to understand) [the public] [voters] اسْتَوْعَبَ (X), فَهِمَ (I) (stem vowel = a) to catch on to sth اسْتَوْعَبَ شَيْئاً

catch out

catch [sb] out (to take by surprise) ‫باغَتَ \ فاجَأَ [شَخْصاً]‬ we were caught out by the weather فوجِئْنا بالطَقْسِ 1.1 (by questions, etc) أَوْقَعَ ب [شَخْصٍ] 1.2 (in cricket, baseball) [ أَخْرَجَ [شَخْصاً] من اللُعْبَةِ بِإمْساكِ الكُرَةِ قبل أنْ تَلْمَسَ الأَرْضَ ] [a batter]

catch up

(to draw level) [runner] [driver] لَحِقَ (stem vowel = a) (I), أَدْرَكَ (IV) to catch up with sb لَحِقَ بِشَخْصٍ 1.1 (with work, studies) [clerk] [student] عَوَّضَ ما فاتَهُ she has a lot of work to catch up on ‫‫لَدَيْها الكَثيرُ من العَمَلِ المُتَأَخِّرِ لِتُنْجِزَهُ‬‬ to catch up on all the news اطَّلَعَ على كُلِّ ما فاتَهُ من أَخْبارٍ
catch [sb/sth] up (to get level with) لَحِقَ ب [شَخْصٍ \ شَيْءٍ] 1.1to get caught up in sth (entangled in branches, cables) اشْتَبَكَ في شَيْءٍ (in fighting) تَوَرَّطَ في شَيْءٍ (in traffic) عَلِقَ في شَيْءٍ I got caught up in all the excitement أَخَذَتْني غَمْرةُ الحَماسِ

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