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- 1 être she is French = elle est française we are late = nous sommes en retard he is a doctor/widower = il est médecin/veuf it is Monday = c'est lundi it's me! = c'est moi! be good! = sois sage!
- 2 (physical and mental states) avoir I am cold/hot = j'ai froid/chaud are you hungry/thirsty? = as-tu faim/soif? his hands were cold = il avait froid aux mains
- 3 (weather) faire it is cold/windy = il fait froid/du vent it is 40° = il fait 40°
- 5 (visit) I've never been to Sweden = je ne suis jamais allé en Suède have you ever been to Africa? = tu es déjà allé en Afrique? has the postman been? = est-ce que le facteur est passé?
- 7 (in mathematics) faire 2 plus 2 is 4 = 2 et 2 font 4
- 8 (cost) coûter how much is it? = combien ça coûte?
- 9 (phrases) so be it = d'accord if I were you = à ta place
B. v aux
- 3 (with infinitive) devoir you are to do it at once = tu dois le faire tout de suite they are to be married = ils vont se marier it was to be expected = il fallait s'y attendre it was nowhere to be found = il était introuvable
- 4 (in tag questions) it's a lovely house, isn't it? = c'est une très belle maison, n'est-ce pas? they're not in the garden, are they? = ils ne sont pas dans le jardin, par hasard? today is Tuesday, isn't it? = c'est bien mardi aujourd'hui?