Share this entry

burn
British English: /bəːn/
American English: /bərn/

Translation of burn in French:

noun

  • 1 (gen) (Medicine) cigarette burns
    brûlures de cigarette

transitive verb prét, pp burned ou burnt (British English)

  • 1 (damage by heat or fire)
    brûler (papers, rubbish)
    incendier, faire brûler (building, city)
    (sun)
    brûler (person, skin)
    (acid)
    ronger, brûler (surface, substance)
    (alcohol, food)
    brûler (mouth)
    to be burned to the ground ou to ashes
    être détruit par le feu
    to be burned alive
    être brûlé vif
    to be burned to death
    mourir carbonisé
    to burn one's finger/arm
    se brûler le doigt/le bras
    to burn a hole in something
    faire un trou dans quelque chose
  • 2 (use) to burn coal/gas
    (boiler)
    chauffer or marcher au charbon/au gaz
    the system burns too much oil
    le système consomme trop de mazout
  • 3 (Culinary)
    laisser brûler (food)
    brûler (pan)
  • 5
    [informal]
    (American English) (swindle)

intransitive verb prét, pp burned ou burnt (British English)

  • 1 (be consumed by fire) to burn to a cinder
    être carbonisé
    the house burned to the ground
    la maison a complètement brûlé or a été réduite en cendres
  • 2 (be turned on)
    (light)
    être allumé
  • 3 (be painful)
    (blister, wound)
    cuire
    (from sun) (skin, part of body)
    brûler
    he has the kind of skin that burns easily
    il attrape facilement des coups de soleil
    my throat is burning!
    la gorge me brûle!
    his cheeks were burning (with embarrassment)
    il était rouge de honte
  • 4 (Culinary)
    (toast, meat)
    brûler
    (sauce)
    prendre au fond
  • 5 [figurative] (be eager)to be burning to do
    (person)
    brûler d'envie de faire
    to be burning with desire/with impatience
    brûler de désir/d'impatience

reflexive verb

  • prét, pp burned ou burnt (British English)
    to burn oneself
    se brûler

Idioms

to burn one's boats

Phrasal verbs

burn away

(candle, log)
se consumer

burn down

1 burn down 1.1
(house)
brûler complètement, être réduit en cendres
1.2
(candle, fire)
baisser
2 burn down [something], burn [something] down

burn off

1 burn off
(alcohol)
s'évaporer
2 burn off [something], burn [something] off
décaper [quelque chose] au chalumeau (paint, varnish)
(Medicine)
cautériser (wart)
faire brûler (unwanted gas)
[figurative]
dépenser (energy)

burn out

1 burn out
(candle, fire)
s'éteindre
(light bulb)
griller
(fuse)
sauter
[figurative] (person) (through overwork) s'user
at the rate he's working, he'll burn himself out
il va s'user à force de travailler à ce rythme
2 burn out [something], burn [something] out (destroy by fire)
incendier (building, vehicle)
(Automobile, Mechanics)
faire griller (clutch, engine, motor)
3 burn out [somebody], burn [somebody] out (gen) (Military)
forcer [quelqu'un] à sortir par l'incendie (besieged citizens, troops)

burn up

1 burn up 1.1
(fire, flames)
flamber
1.2 (Aerospace)
(satellite, meteorite)
se volatiliser
1.3
[informal]
(American English) (get angry)
1.4 (get feverish)
(child)
brûler
2 burn up [something], burn [something] up
brûler (calories, fuel, waste)
(sun)
griller (lawn, vegetation)
she burns up all her energy worrying
elle dépense toute son énergie à se faire du souci
to be burned up with hatred/with envy
[figurative]
être dévoré par la haine/l'envie
3 burn up [somebody], burn [somebody] up (informal) (American English) (make angry)
mettre [quelqu'un] en rogne

Definition of burn in:

Share this entry

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove ads and access premium resources

QUIZ


    Next Score: