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clean
British English: /kliːn/
American English: /klin/

Translation of clean in French:

noun

  • to give something a clean
    nettoyer quelque chose

adjective

  • 1 (not dirty)
    (clothes, dishes, floor, window, habits)
    propre
    (air, water)
    pur
    (wound, syringe)
    désinfecté
    it is not very clean to do
    ce n'est pas très propre de faire
    she keeps her house clean
    elle tient sa maison propre
    my hands are clean
    [literal] [figurative]
    j'ai les mains propres
    clean and tidy
    impeccable de propreté
    a clean sheet of paper
    une feuille blanche
    to rinse/wash something clean
    rincer/laver quelque chose
    to lick one's plate clean
    (person) [figurative]
    ne pas en laisser une miette
    (animal)
    nettoyer son assiette
    keep your shoes clean
    ne salis pas tes chaussures
  • 2 (with no pollution)
    (bomb, environment, process)
    propre
  • 3 (not obscene)
    (joke)
    anodin
    (comedian)
    jamais vulgaire
    keep it ou the conversation clean!
    restons décents!
  • 4 (unsullied)
    (reputation)
    sans tache
    (record, driving licence)
    vierge
    I've checked him out, he's clean (informal)

    je me suis renseigné sur lui, il est réglo (informal)
  • 5 (no longer addicted)
    désintoxiqué
  • 6
    [informal]
    (without illicit property)he's clean
    (gen)
    il n'a rien
    (no gun)
    il n'a pas d'arme
    the car/room is clean
    on n'a rien trouvé dans la voiture/pièce
  • 7 (Sport)
    (match)
    sans débordements
    (tackle)
    sans faute
    (player)
    fair-play inv
    (serve, hit, throw)
    précis
    (jump)
    sans toucher l'obstacle
    keep it clean
    (in match)
    pas de bavures

adverb

  • the bullet went clean through his shoulder
    la balle lui a littéralement traversé l'épaule
    to jump clean over the wall
    sauter par-dessus le mur sans le toucher
    we're clean out of bread
    on n'a plus une miette de pain

transitive verb

  • 1
    nettoyer (room, shoes, gun)
    to clean something from ou off
    enlever quelque chose de (hands, wall, car)
    to clean the blackboard
    effacer le tableau
    to have something cleaned
    donner quelque chose à nettoyer
    to clean one's teeth
    se brosser les dents

intransitive verb

  • 1 (do housework) I've been cleaning all morning
    j'ai fait le ménage toute la matinée
  • 2 (become cleansed) these handles clean easily
    ces poignées se nettoient facilement

reflexive verb

Idioms

to clean up one's act

(person)
devenir plus sérieux

to come clean (informal) about something

avouer quelque chose

[informal]
I'll have to come clean

il va falloir que je dise la vérité

to make a clean sweep of something

gagner quelque chose haut la main

Phrasal verbs

clean down

clean [something] down, clean down [something]
nettoyer [quelque chose] à fond

clean off

1 clean off
(stain)
partir
this mark won't clean off
cette tache ne part pas
2 clean [something] off, clean off [something]
effacer (chalk mark)
enlever (stain, graffiti)
to clean something off
effacer quelque chose de (blackboard)
enlever quelque chose de (car, wall)

clean out

1 clean [something] out, clean out [something] (cleanse thoroughly)
nettoyer [quelque chose] à fond (cupboard, stable, toilets)
you should clean out your ears (informal)

tu devrais te déboucher les oreilles
2 clean [somebody/something] out, clean out [somebody/something] (leave empty, penniless)
(thief, shopping trip, holiday)
mettre [quelqu'un] à sec (person)
‘another game?’—‘no, I'm cleaned out (informal)
‘encore une partie?’—‘non, je suis nettoyé (informal)
3 clean [somebody] out of
délester quelqu'un de (jewellery, money)

clean up

1 clean up 1.1 (remove dirt)
tout nettoyer
1.2 (tidy)
tout remettre en ordre (after somebody derrière quelqu'un)
1.3 (wash oneself)
se débarbouiller
1.4
[informal]
(make profit)
(dealer)
faire son beurre (informal) (on avec)
(gambler)
rafler la mise (informal)
2 clean [somebody] up
faire la toilette de (patient)
come and let me clean you up
(to child)
viens que je te fasse un brin de toilette
3 clean [something] up, clean up [something] 3.1 (remove dirt)
nettoyer (mess, rubbish, area, spillage)
clean that rubbish up off ou from the floor
débarrasse le sol de ces saletés
3.2 [figurative] (remove crime)
nettoyer (informal) (street, city)
(make less obscene)
expurger (TV programme, comedy act)

Definition of clean in:

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