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British English: /ð(ə)mˈsɛlvz/
American English: /ðəmˈsɛlvz/
, /ðəmˈsɛlvz/
When used as a reflexive pronoun, direct and indirect, themselves is translated by si, which is always placed before the verb: they are enjoying themselves = si stanno divertendo; they have hurt themselves = si sono fatti male. - When used as an emphatic to stress the corresponding personal pronoun, the translation is loro stessi (masculine or mixed gender) / loro stesse (feminine gender) or anche loro: they did it themselves = l'hanno fatto loro stessi; they are strangers here themselves = anche loro sono forestieri da queste parti. - When used after a preposition, themselves is translated by or se stessi/se stesse: they can be proud of themselves = possono essere fieri di sé/se stessi. - (All) by themselves is translated by da soli/da sole, which means alone and/or without help. - For particular usages see below.


  • 1
    (reflexive) si
    (after preposition) sé, se stessi, se stesse
    they hurt themselves
    si sono feriti
    they were pleased with themselves
    erano soddisfatti di sé o di se stessi
  • 3 (expressions)(all) by themselves
    (tutto) da soli
    they are not themselves today
    oggi non sono quelli di sempre
Definition of themselves in:
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