against often appears as the second element of certain verb structures in English ( come up against, guard against, turn against, etc). For translations, see the relevant verb entry ( come, guard, turn, etc).
- 1 (in opposition to) en contra de, contra we voted against the motion votamos en contra de or contra la moción she set my own son against me puso a mi propio hijo contra mí or en contra mía I'm against capital punishment estoy en contra de la pena de muerte if you're not with us, you're against us si no estás con nosotros, estás contra nosotros or en contra nuestra or en contra de nosotros two against one dos contra uno personally, I've nothing against her personalmente, no tengo nada contra ella or en contra suya or en contra de ella have you got something against going by train? ¿tienes algún problema en ir en tren? he succeeded against all expectations contrariamente a lo que se esperaba, lo logró it's against my principles to eat meat comer carne va en contra de mis principios I advised her against driving to work le aconsejé que no fuera al trabajo en coche her politics are against her su postura política no la favorece
- 3 3.1 (alongside) contra the table stood against the wall la mesa estaba contra la pared they checked the list against the original cotejaron la lista con el original he put a cross against my name puso una cruz al lado de mi nombre 3.2 (on, onto) contra to lean against sth apoyarse contra algo to bang one's head against the wall darse* con la cabeza contra la pared
- 4 4.1 (in contrast to) contra it stands out against the dark background resalta contra el fondo oscuro 4.2 (in comparison to, in relation to) our results look poor against theirs nuestros resultados desmerecen al lado de los suyos or comparados con los suyos the pound dropped to a new low against the dollar la libra registró un nuevo mínimo frente al dólar
- 5 (as protection from) contra it's insured against theft está asegurado contra robo it's no good against the cold no protege contra el frío
- en contra there were 250 votes for and 300 against hubo 250 votos a favor y 300 en contra
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Spain had three civil wars known as the guerras carlistas (1833-39, 1860, 1872-76). When Fernando VII died in 1833, he was succeeded not by his brother the Infante Don Carlos de Borbón, but by his daughter Isabel, under the regency of her mother María Cristina. This provoked a mainly northern-Spanish revolt, with local guerrillas pitted against the forces of the central government. The Carlist Wars were also a confrontation between conservative rural Catholic Spain, especially the Basque provinces and Aragón, led by the carlistas, and the progressive liberal urban middle classes allied with the army. Carlos died in 1855, but the carlistas, representing political and religious traditionalism, supported his descendants' claims until reconciliation in 1977 with King Juan Carlos.