There are 2 main translations of close in Spanish:

Share this entry

Share this page


Pronunciation: /kləʊs/

adjective/adjetivo (closer, closest)

  • 1 1.1 (near) próximo, cercano the closest bank is in Front Street el banco más próximo or cercano está en Front Street at close range o quarters de cerca close to sth/sb próximo or cercano a algo/algn, cerca de algo/algn the closest city to Cambridge la ciudad más próxima or cercana a Cambridge, la ciudad que está más cerca de Cambridge
    Example sentences
    • A move to the village would give the Duchess her independence while allowing her daughters to be in close proximity to their father.
    • A few people, almost invariably working in close proximity to birds, have been infected and become seriously ill.
    • It is much smoother and more intimate than the ballroom tango, with the couple's upper bodies close together and lower bodies apart.
    1.2 [shave] al ras, apurado that was a close shave o call [colloquial/familiar] se salvó ( or me salvé etc) por un pelo or por los pelos [colloquial/familiar]
  • 2 [link/connection] estrecho; [contact] directo a close relative un pariente cercano they are close friends son muy amigos, son amigos íntimos his closeest friends and family sus amigos y familiares más allegados they've always been very close siempre han sido or (Spain/España) estado muy unidos a source close to the government fuentes allegadas or cercanas al gobierno they were close collaborators mantenían una estrecha colaboración
    Example sentences
    • My close friend and confidante was my cousin Kitty, the closest to me in age and the only other girl.
    • I enjoyed living in the country and valued the close friends I made there.
    • Little by little however, she seemed to get comfortable with the fact that I wanted to be close and intimate with her.
  • 3 (in similarity) it's not the same color but it's a close match no es el mismo color pero es casi igual he bears a close resemblance to his brother tiene un gran parecido a or con su hermano, se parece mucho a su hermano that's the closest thing to a hammer I've got esto es lo más parecido a un martillo que tengo
  • 4 4.1 [weave] tupido, cerrado; [print] apretado in close order [Military/Militar] en formación cerrada 4.2 [argument/reasoning] riguroso; [translation] fiel
    Example sentences
    • He was close to tears in breaking the news to me over the telephone.
    • Specialist poultry breeders are close to ruin because of the current outbreak of foot and mouth disease.
    • I had a low point towards the end of last season and that is why I was close to leaving the club, but now I am at my best ever level.
    Example sentences
    • If the large crowd thought that the first half was a close contest the second half was to be an even closer affair.
    • This left the overall result very close, but the winner was Steve Mascari with a total of 31 pts.
    • I hope the matches this week are close, competitive and courteous.
    Example sentences
    • The best precautionary measure is close observation of the patient's condition.
    • Again, Leonardo used his method of close observation to study how machines work.
    • Doctors said she wakened after the surgery and was being kept under close observation.
    4.3 (British English/inglés británico) [Sport/Deporte] de pases cortos 4.4 [fit] ajustado, ceñido
    Example sentences
    • It was slow work, for the trees were close, and in places dense with the bare vines and stalks of undergrowth.
    • He pulled out a sheet of thin blue paper covered in close type.
    • If the agreement is in writing it may be in very close print on the back of a delivery docket or ticket.
  • 5 (strictly guarded) it was kept a close secret se mantuvo en el más absoluto or riguroso secreto
  • 6 (careful) [study/examination] detenido, detallado to pay close attention to sth prestar mucha atención a algo to keep a close watch on sth/sb vigilar algo/a algn de cerca on closer inspection, I found that … al mirarlo mejor or más de cerca vi que …
  • 7 [contest/finish] reñido it's going to be close va a estar muy reñido he finished a close second llegó en segundo lugar, muy cerca del ganador
  • 8 (of weather, atmosphere) pesado, bochornoso
    Example sentences
    • It was in the middle of the afternoon that some people began to notice a change, it began to get close and unseasonably warm.
    • As many as 30,000 people are crammed into close, hot and extremely humid quarters.
    • At weddings and religious ceremonies where attendees were crowded and when the atmosphere was very close, these "portable air conditioners" were in great demand.
  • 9 9.1 (mean, stingy) tacaño 9.2 (secretive) reservadoto be close about sth she's very close about what she did during the war es muy reacia a hablar de lo que hizo durante la guerra
    Example sentences
    • The third part of the trilogy is being kept a close secret.
    • They announced the pregnancy in January after their romance had been kept a close secret.
    • And while this was being sorted out, the brotherhood tried to keep the problem a close secret.
    Example sentences
    • I've been begging her to let me meet you all for quite some time, but she's kept very close about it.
    • She was quite close with money, and they often had horrendous arguments about spending.
  • 10 [Linguistics/Lingüística] [vowel] cerrado
    Example sentences
    • Its vowel height is near-close, which means the tongue is positioned similarly to a close vowel, but slightly less constricted.
    • In the following presentation both the 'open' and the 'close' pronunciation of each of the five vowels is illustrated.

adverb/adverbio (closer, closest)

  • 1 1.1 (in position) cerca we must be close by now ya debemos (de) estar cerca, ya debe faltar poco the car behind is very close el coche de atrás viene muy pegado stay close or you'll get lost no te separes o te perderás to draw/get/come close acercarse* don't come any closer or I'll scream no te me acerques más o me pongo a gritar close to sth/sb cerca de algo/algn we are closer to London than to Brighton estamos más cerca de Londres que de Brighton come closer to the window acércate más a la ventana to hold sb close abrazar* a algn they're following close behind nos siguen de cerca phew, that was close! ¡uf, nos salvamos por poco or por los pelos! 1.2 (in time) it must be close to suppertime ya casi debe ser la hora de la cena our birthdays are very close nuestros cumpleaños caen por las mismas fechas or muy cerca it's getting close to Christmas se acerca la Navidad
  • 2 (in intimacy) the tragedy brought them closer together o to each other la tragedia los acercó or unió más
  • 3 (in approximation) it's not my favorite, but it comes pretty close no es mi favorito pero casiclose to sth the temperature is close to … la temperatura es de cerca de or de casi … he must be close to 50 debe tener cerca de or casi 50 años, debe andar frisando (en) los 50 this production is close to the original esta producción es fiel al original that's the closest to an apology you'll get eso es lo más parecido a una disculpa que vas a recibir the industry is close to collapse la industria está al borde de la ruina he was close to tears estaba a punto de llorar
  • 4 (carefully) on looking closer, I found … al mirar más de cerca or al fijarme mejor vi que …
  • 5 (short) he had his hair cut very close se cortó el pelo muy corto
  • 6 (in phrases/en locuciones) 6.1close by cerca we live close by vivimos cerca we'll pass close by our house vamos a pasar cerca de nuestra casa 6.2close on it must be close on suppertime ya casi debe ser la hora de la cena there were close on 10,000 present había cerca de or casi 10.000 asistentes 6.3close to I've never seen him close to nunca lo he visto de cerca close to 60,000 attended asistieron cerca de 60.000 personas 6.4close together junto his eyes are too close together tiene los ojos demasiado juntos our birthdays are close together nuestros cumpleaños caen por las mismas fechas or muy cerca 6.5close up de cerca to look at sth close up mirar algo de cerca

Definition of close in:

Share this entry

Share this page


Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove ads and access premium resources

There are 2 main translations of close in Spanish:

Share this entry

Share this page


Pronunciation: /kləʊz/


  • 1 (conclusion, end) fin (masculine) to come/draw to a close llegar*/acercarse* a su fin to bring sth to a close poner* or dar* fin a algo he was born around the close of the 19th century nació a or hacia finales or fines del siglo XIX at the close of day [literary/literario] al caer el día [literary/literario] at the close of trading al cierre
    Example sentences
    • The spirited crowd were said to be still dancing the night away when the ball drew to a close at 1 am.
    • The incident was brought to a close at midnight when the man came down from the roof.
    • The five-year project, which has disrupted many communities in Bradford, will draw to a close at the end of the year.
    Example sentences
    • If big news breaks after the close of trading, a late trade can land a quick profit - or avoid a big loss.
    • Say a customer wanted to find out how many transactions it could run before the close of the stock market on a given day.
    • Shares fell around three per cent at the close of trading yesterday.
    Example sentences
    • They had added an unbeaten 28 for the third wicket by the close.
    • No more wickets fell before the close and Jaques ended unbeaten on 67.
    • The declaration came with an hour of the fourth day remaining, and England grabbed the big wicket of Graeme Smith before the close.
  • 2 /kləʊs/ 2.1 (in residential area) (British English/inglés británico) calle (feminine) ([ sin salida ]) ≈ quinta (feminine) ([ en Per ]) 2.2 (of cathedral) recinto (masculine)
    Example sentences
    • She has come a long way from the Aga saga and the cathedral close.
    • The museum is in the heart of historic Salisbury, in the cathedral close.
    • Stuff like this gives just as much pleasure as a cathedral close or a Regency arcade.
    Example sentences
    • There were no streets, only avenues, crescents and closes.
    • Elsewhere, sober stone houses peek coyly at one and other across cobbled streets and evocative old closes.
    • Around every corner lies another close, another lane, the bright sun throwing the rough stone walls into relief.

transitive verb/verbo transitivo

  • 1 1.1 [window/book/valve] cerrar* he closed his mouth/eyes cerró la boca/los ojos 1.2 [pores/gash/gap] cerrar* 1.3 [Electricity/Electricidad] [circuit] cerrar*
  • 2 (block, deny access to) [road/channel/checkpoint] cerrar* the square is to be closed to traffic van a cerrar la plaza al tráfico to close one's ears to sth hacer* oídos sordos a algo you shouldn't close your mind to the idea no deberías cerrarte en banda a la idea or rechazar completamente la idea
  • 3 3.1 (halt operations) cerrar* the airport has been closed because of bad weather han cerrado el aeropuerto debido al mal tiempo 3.2 (terminate, wind up) [shop/branch/file/account] cerrar*
  • 4 (conclude) [deal] cerrar*; [debate/meeting] cerrar*, poner* fin a they closed the concert with … el concierto se cerró con …

intransitive verb/verbo intransitivo

  • 1 1.1 [door/window] cerrar(se)* the door closed la puerta se cerró the door doesn't close properly la puerta no cierra bien her eyes closed and she fell asleep se le cerraron los ojos y se quedó dormida 1.2 [gap/crack/wound] cerrarse* the darkness closed around him la oscuridad lo envolvió 1.3 (fold shut) [flower] cerrarse* his hands closed around my throat me rodeó el cuello con las manos
  • 3 3.1 (finish, end) [lecture/book] terminar, concluir* 3.2 [Finance] [prices/shares] cerrar* 3.3
    (closing present participle/participio presente)
    [years/remarks/words] último in the closing minutes of the game en los últimos minutos or en los minutos finales del partido closing price [Finance] precio (masculine) al cierre
  • 4 (approach) acercarse* to close on sth/sb acercarse* a algo/algn defenders were closing on him from all sides los defensas lo estaban cercando

Phrasal verbs

close down

verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento [shop/factory] cerrar* 1.1verb + adverb/verbo + adverbio 2.1 (cease operations) [shop/factory] cerrar* 2.2 (cease broadcasting) (British English/inglés británico) terminar la emisión

close in

verb + adverb/verbo + adverbio
1.1 [pursuers/enemy] acercarse*, aproximarse to close in on sth/sb cercar* algo/a algn the police began to close in on them la policía los empezó a cercar 1.2 [winter] acercarse* night was closing in estaba oscureciendo or anocheciendo, caía la noche [literary/literario]to close in on/upon sb darkness was closing in on them la noche se cernía sobre ellos [literary/literario] 1.3 (get shorter) acortarse the days were beginning to close in los días estaban empezando a acortarse

close off

verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento
[street/entrance] clausurar, cerrar*

close on

verb + preposition + object/verbo + preposición + complemento
(reduce gap) [leaders/rivals] acercarse* a

close out

verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento (American English/inglés norteamericano)

close up

verb + adverb/verbo + adverbio 1.1 [shop/museum] cerrar* 1.2 [wound/gash] cerrarse*, cicatrizar*; [flower] cerrarse* come on, everybody, close up a bit! ¡vamos, pónganse un poco más juntos! 1.1verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento 2.1 [shop/museum] cerrar* 2.2 [Printing/Imprenta] [characters/words] juntar

close with

verb + preposition + object/verbo + preposición + complemento
1.1 (engage) [enemy] enfrentarse a 1.2 (conclude deal) cerrar* trato con

Definition of close in:

Share this entry

Share this page


What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.