Share this entry

Share this page

drive

Pronunciation: /draɪv/

Translation of drive in Spanish:

transitive verb/verbo transitivo (past tense of/pasado de drove past participle of/participio pasado de, driven)

  • 1 [Transport/Transporte] 1.1 [car/bus/train] manejar or (Spain/España) conducir*; [racing car/power boat] pilotar, pilotear she drives a Renault tiene un Renault I drive a taxi/truck soy taxista/camionero
    Example sentences
    • Happily, this is not a problem with the estate, because salesmen don't drive estate cars.
    • Traffic chaos has frustrated drivers, both those driving private cars as well as public transportation drivers.
    • The child was in collision with a black Chrysler Voyager estate car driven by a 27-year-old Basildon woman, who was unhurt.
    1.2 (convey in vehicle) llevar en coche she drove me home/into town me llevó en coche a casa/al centro
    Example sentences
    • The reasons why parents drive their children to school are varied.
    • But when he decided to make a brash stab at the sports-car market, economics drove him to Canada.
    • Earlier in the evening I had napped in the back seat as Odysea drove us across New York State.
  • 2 2.1 (cause to move) (+ adverb complement/+ adverbio predicativo) the wind drove the dust into our faces/the clouds away el viento nos echó el polvo en la cara/se llevó or barrió las nubes I don't want to drive you away, but I'm expecting visitors no es que quiera echarte, pero estoy esperando visitas the Indians were driven off their land los indios fueron expulsados de sus tierras they drove the enemy back across the river hicieron retroceder al enemigo al otro lado del río the smoke drove them out of the house el humo los obligó a salir de la casa the ship was driven off course el barco perdió el rumbo the shortage is driving prices higher la escasez está haciendo subir los precios 2.2 [Sport/Deporte] [ball] mandar, lanzar*
    Example sentences
    • Nick Klassen took the free kick, driving the ball into the top corner and tying the game 2-2.
    • About once a game, he drives the ball hard but right into a defender's glove.
    • My way of fighting back was to try to drive the ball as hard as I could through the pitcher's box for a base hit.
    Example sentences
    • If she could learn to drive her golf ball, she could still be a great player.
    • Two down at the time, Coltart drove his ball into the rough.
    • Wie, who can drive a golf ball 300 + yards, would play from the men's tees at these events.
    2.3 (provide power for, operate) hacer* funcionar, mover*
    Example sentences
    • All of the machinery was driven by a steam engine in the basement of the machine shop.
    • He produced a steam pressure gauge to record pressure in a cylinder and a rotary engine which could drive various forms of machinery.
    • Water power will again turn the mill wheel and drive the turbine to provide electricity to light the building.
    Example sentences
    • The output is regulated by a single pulse width modulating controller which drives the boost switch and buck switch simultaneously.
    • On the other hand, the new transistor simultaneously controls the electric power that drives a lamp and serves as the lamp itself.
    • The device is driven by Sony's own 123MHz ARM-compatible CPU, the Handheld Engine.
    Example sentences
    • By morning, the wind was driving icy pellets against the windows.
    • Flooding was a problem in some coastal areas where the storm's high wind drove waves onto shore and over seawalls.
    • Rain fell from overcast skies and gale force winds drove large waves on to the beaches of Normandy as dawn broke on Monday June 5, 1944.
    Example sentences
    • They'd not driven the cattle in the most likely direction, which was south, but due east, straight into the center of Double - 8 range.
    • The men that drove the cattle were a special breed.
    • In his day he guided for the Texas Rangers and drove cattle north to the railheads.
  • 3 3.1 (make penetrate) [nail] clavar; [stake] hincar* he drove the nail through the plank atravesó la tabla con el clavo to drive sth into sth clavar/hincar* algo en algo 3.2 (open up) [tunnel/shaft] perforar, abrir* the cavalry drove a passage through the enemy ranks la caballería abrió una brecha entre las filas enemigas
    Example sentences
    • The focus of mining then shifted back to the upper level, and during the 1980s a tunnel was driven northward into the quarry wall.
    • A tunnel was driven into the hill to intersect the copper load which had been located and opened at the top of the hill.
    • Second, if the countermine was driven below the mine, the counterminers could spring the end of their gallery, thereby collapsing the mine above.
    Example sentences
    • They drove pegs into his land to stake out claims, and prevented him from entering his fields.
    • If you had driven a stake through Baker's heart at that moment, you couldn't have caused a greater wound.
    • What you want to do is to be able to drive stakes into the ground here.
  • 4 4.1 (cause to become) volver* imprisonment drove him insane la prisión lo volvió loco or lo llevó a la locura he drives me crazy o mad with his incessant chatter me saca de quicio con su constante cháchara this pain is driving me crazy este dolor me está enloqueciendo those blue eyes of yours really drive me wild! [colloquial/familiar] ¡esos ojazos azules me vuelven loco …! [colloquial/familiar] his attitude drove her to despair su actitud la desesperaba 4.2 (compel to act) to drive sb to + infinitive/infinitivo llevar or empujar a algn a + infinitive/infinitivo we were driven to it by fear fue el miedo lo que nos llevó a hacerlo she is driven by ambition la impulsa or motiva la ambición
    Example sentences
    • The family is very strong in this country and a lot of the talented kids are driven by the fact they want to help their family to better things.
    • He was driven by feelings of resentment and hatred, and felt compelled not only to defeat his enemies, but to humiliate them.
    • However, that ambition drove him to take on challenges others avoided.
    4.3 (overwork) he drove them mercilessly los hizo trabajar como esclavos they ought to work without being driven deberían trabajar sin que se les tuviera que estar encima she drives herself far too hard se exige demasiado a sí misma
    Example sentences
    • ‘My whole life, he used to put his hand on the top of my head and just hold it there, and it drove me crazy,’ she says.
    • I drove my parents crazy reciting states and their capitals.
    • Reb and I went to the Tracey Emin exhibition at the City Gallery and it drove me crazy because Emin can't spell.
    Example sentences
    • It is clearly the bosses, the bankers, the stockbrokers and the generals who are driving the budgetary process.
    • It lacks narrative forms, is not reducible to conventional proverbs, and is driven by grievance against God and the world.
    • For well over its first century, American foreign policy was a partnership between government and business, driven by efforts to keep markets open for exports and investments.

intransitive verb/verbo intransitivo (past tense of/pasado de drove past participle of/participio pasado de, driven)

  • 1.1 (in vehicle) manejar or (Spain/España) conducir* can you drive? ¿sabes manejar or (Spain/España) conducir? to drive on the right/left manejar or (Spain/España) conducir* por la derecha/izquierda to drive at 50 km/h ir* a 50 km/h he was driving too fast iba demasiado deprisa she drives to work va a trabajar en coche we drove 300 miles/all night viajamos 300 millas/toda la noche did you walk here? — no, I drove ¿viniste a pie? — no, en coche we'll drive back/over tomorrow volveremos/iremos mañana (en el coche) they drove away in a cloud of dust su coche se alejó en medio de una nube de polvo his new car drives well su nuevo coche es muy fácil de manejar or (Spain/España) conducir 1.2 (dash) [rain/wind/dust] azotar, barrer
    Example sentences
    • For two more days the winds beat against the house, and the snow and ice drove against the windows.
    • We saw her as we pulled out of our drive. She had her head down as the snow was driving in the wind.
    • Ferocious winds howled and heavy rain drove through the Jade Stadium as the Lions were humiliated - beaten in all areas.
    1.3 (penetrate) [point/tool] penetrar; [army] penetrar, adentrarse
    Example sentences
    • The Byzantine coin is believed to come from the era of the bloody Battle of Benfleet, fought in 894 AD when an encampment of Danes was driven out by the troops of King Alfred the Great.
    • Six months later, U.S. troops drove Filipino militias from Manila and pursued them into the countryside.
    • The move comes as many shopkeepers in the area are complaining that traffic jams and the lack of parking spaces are driving customers away.
    Example sentences
    • I doubt there is a single person driving a car today who hasn't exceeded the speed limit or driven without a seatbelt at times, even though we all know we shouldn't.
    • The boys immediately raced to Ryan's car and he drove at full speed towards the hospital.
    • The occupants of the car drove off at high speed, crashing into a small bridge on the estate, before heading towards Castledermot.
    Example sentences
    • Nakita could drive, had her license and everything, but she liked walking and it wasn't very far.
    • I cannot drive, but my daughter takes me everywhere so I have given the car to her.
    • We've never bothered with a car. I don't drive, and we can get a bus into town if we really need to.

Phrasal verbs

drive at

verb + preposition + object/verbo + preposición + complemento (only in -ing form/solo en forma -ing)
querer* decir, insinuar* what are you driving at? ¿qué quieres decir?, ¿qué (es lo que) estás insinuando?

drive home

verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento
[nail/bolt] remachar; [argument/lesson] hacer* entender you must drive it home to him that … tienes que hacerle entender que …

drive off

verb + adverb/verbo + adverbio 1.1 [car/driver] irse*, partir 1.2 (in golf) salir* 1.1verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento (repel) [attackers/dogs] ahuyentar

drive on

verb + object + adverb/verbo + complemento + adverbio (incite) empujar ambition drove him on to ever greater efforts la ambición lo empujaba or llevaba a esforzarse cada vez más 1.1verb + adverb/verbo + adverbio seguir* (adelante) drive on! ¡siga (adelante)!

drive out

verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento
[invaders] expulsar the smoke will drive them out el humo los va a hacer salir

drive up

verb + adverb/verbo + adverbio [vehicle/driver] llegar* a car drove up outside the embassy un coche llegó a or se detuvo frente a la embajada 1.1verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento (cause to rise) [prices/demand] hacer* subir

noun/nombre

  • 1 countable/numerable (in vehicle) to go for a drive ir* a dar un paseo or una vuelta en coche his house is ten minutes' drive away su casa está a diez minutos en coche it's a three-hour/300-mile drive es un viaje de tres horas/300 millas en coche it's a long drive from here está a muchas horas de coche de aquí the roads are good, so it's an easy drive las carreteras son buenas así que se maneja or (Spain/España) se conduce sin problemas
  • 3 countable/numerable (stroke) [Sport/Deporte] golpe (masculine) fuerte
  • 6 (tournament) (British English/inglés británico) a bridge/whist drive un torneo de bridge/whist
  • 7 7.1 u and c (propulsion system) transmisión (feminine), propulsión (feminine) belt drive transmisión (feminine) por correa 7.2 uncountable/no numerable [Cars/Automovilismo] front-wheel/rear-wheel drive tracción (feminine) delantera/trasera right-/left-hand drive con el volante a la derecha/a la izquierda 7.3 uncountable/no numerable (automatic gear position) marcha (feminine), drive (masculine) to shift into drive poner* el coche en marcha or drive

Definition of drive in:

Share this entry

Share this page

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove ads and access premium resources

Word of the day pirarse
v pron
to make oneself scarce …
Cultural fact of the day

The Distrito Federal is a district of central Mexico, the seat of the federal government. It includes most of Mexico City and its suburbs, and comes under the direct supervision of the Mexican president.