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drive
American English: /draɪv/
British English: /drʌɪv/

Translation of drive in Spanish:

transitive verb past tense drove past participle driven

  • 1 (Transport) 1.1
    (car/bus/train)
    manejar or (Spain) conducir
    (racing car/power boat)
    pilotar
    pilotear
    she drives a Renault
    tiene un Renault
    I drive a taxi/truck
    soy taxista/camionero
    Example sentences
    • Happily, this is not a problem with the estate, because salesmen don't drive estate cars.
    • Traffic chaos has frustrated drivers, both those driving private cars as well as public transportation drivers.
    • The child was in collision with a black Chrysler Voyager estate car driven by a 27-year-old Basildon woman, who was unhurt.
    1.2 (convey in vehicle)
    llevar en coche
    she drove me home/into town
    me llevó en coche a casa/al centro
    Example sentences
    • The reasons why parents drive their children to school are varied.
    • But when he decided to make a brash stab at the sports-car market, economics drove him to Canada.
    • Earlier in the evening I had napped in the back seat as Odysea drove us across New York State.
  • 2 2.1 (cause to move) (+ adverb complement) the wind drove the dust into our faces/the clouds away
    el viento nos echó el polvo en la cara/se llevó or barrió las nubes
    I don't want to drive you away, but I'm expecting visitors
    no es que quiera echarte, pero estoy esperando visitas
    the Indians were driven off their land
    los indios fueron expulsados de sus tierras
    they drove the enemy back across the river
    hicieron retroceder al enemigo al otro lado del río
    the smoke drove them out of the house
    el humo los obligó a salir de la casa
    the ship was driven off course
    el barco perdió el rumbo
    the shortage is driving prices higher
    la escasez está haciendo subir los precios
    Example sentences
    • By morning, the wind was driving icy pellets against the windows.
    • Flooding was a problem in some coastal areas where the storm's high wind drove waves onto shore and over seawalls.
    • Rain fell from overcast skies and gale force winds drove large waves on to the beaches of Normandy as dawn broke on Monday June 5, 1944.
    Example sentences
    • They'd not driven the cattle in the most likely direction, which was south, but due east, straight into the center of Double - 8 range.
    • The men that drove the cattle were a special breed.
    • In his day he guided for the Texas Rangers and drove cattle north to the railheads.
    2.2 (Sport)
    (ball)
    mandar
    lanzar
    Example sentences
    • Nick Klassen took the free kick, driving the ball into the top corner and tying the game 2-2.
    • About once a game, he drives the ball hard but right into a defender's glove.
    • My way of fighting back was to try to drive the ball as hard as I could through the pitcher's box for a base hit.
    Example sentences
    • If she could learn to drive her golf ball, she could still be a great player.
    • Two down at the time, Coltart drove his ball into the rough.
    • Wie, who can drive a golf ball 300 + yards, would play from the men's tees at these events.
    2.3 (provide power for, operate)
    hacer funcionar
    mover
    Example sentences
    • All of the machinery was driven by a steam engine in the basement of the machine shop.
    • He produced a steam pressure gauge to record pressure in a cylinder and a rotary engine which could drive various forms of machinery.
    • Water power will again turn the mill wheel and drive the turbine to provide electricity to light the building.
    Example sentences
    • The output is regulated by a single pulse width modulating controller which drives the boost switch and buck switch simultaneously.
    • On the other hand, the new transistor simultaneously controls the electric power that drives a lamp and serves as the lamp itself.
    • The device is driven by Sony's own 123MHz ARM-compatible CPU, the Handheld Engine.
  • 3 3.1 (make penetrate)
    (nail)
    clavar
    (stake)
    hincar
    he drove the nail through the plank
    atravesó la tabla con el clavo
    to drive something into something
    clavar/hincar algo en algo
    Example sentences
    • They drove pegs into his land to stake out claims, and prevented him from entering his fields.
    • If you had driven a stake through Baker's heart at that moment, you couldn't have caused a greater wound.
    • What you want to do is to be able to drive stakes into the ground here.
    3.2 (open up)
    (tunnel/shaft)
    perforar
    abrir
    the cavalry drove a passage through the enemy ranks
    la caballería abrió una brecha entre las filas enemigas
    Example sentences
    • The focus of mining then shifted back to the upper level, and during the 1980s a tunnel was driven northward into the quarry wall.
    • A tunnel was driven into the hill to intersect the copper load which had been located and opened at the top of the hill.
    • Second, if the countermine was driven below the mine, the counterminers could spring the end of their gallery, thereby collapsing the mine above.
  • 4 4.1 (cause to become) imprisonment drove him insane
    la prisión lo volvió loco or lo llevó a la locura
    he drives me crazy o mad with his incessant chatter
    me saca de quicio con su constante cháchara
    this pain is driving me crazy
    este dolor me está enloqueciendo
    those blue eyes of yours really drive me wild! [colloquial]
    ¡esos ojazos azules me vuelven loco …! [colloquial]
    his attitude drove her to despair
    su actitud la desesperaba
    Example sentences
    • ‘My whole life, he used to put his hand on the top of my head and just hold it there, and it drove me crazy,’ she says.
    • I drove my parents crazy reciting states and their capitals.
    • Reb and I went to the Tracey Emin exhibition at the City Gallery and it drove me crazy because Emin can't spell.
    Example sentences
    • It is clearly the bosses, the bankers, the stockbrokers and the generals who are driving the budgetary process.
    • It lacks narrative forms, is not reducible to conventional proverbs, and is driven by grievance against God and the world.
    • For well over its first century, American foreign policy was a partnership between government and business, driven by efforts to keep markets open for exports and investments.
    4.2 (compel to act)to drive somebody to + infinitive
    llevar or empujar a alguien a + infinitive
    we were driven to it by fear
    fue el miedo lo que nos llevó a hacerlo
    she is driven by ambition
    la impulsa or motiva la ambición
    Example sentences
    • The family is very strong in this country and a lot of the talented kids are driven by the fact they want to help their family to better things.
    • He was driven by feelings of resentment and hatred, and felt compelled not only to defeat his enemies, but to humiliate them.
    • However, that ambition drove him to take on challenges others avoided.
    4.3 (overwork) he drove them mercilessly
    los hizo trabajar como esclavos
    they ought to work without being driven
    deberían trabajar sin que se les tuviera que estar encima
    she drives herself far too hard
    se exige demasiado a sí misma

intransitive verb past tense drove past participle driven

  • 1 (in vehicle)
    manejar or (Spain) conducir
    can you drive?
    ¿sabes manejar or (Spain) conducir?
    to drive on the right/left
    manejar or (Spain) conducir por la derecha/izquierda
    to drive at 50 km/h
    ir a 50 km/h
    he was driving too fast
    iba demasiado deprisa
    she drives to work
    va a trabajar en coche
    we drove 300 miles/all night
    viajamos 300 millas/toda la noche
    did you walk here? — no, I drove
    ¿viniste a pie? — no, en coche
    we'll drive back/over tomorrow
    volveremos/iremos mañana (en el coche)
    they drove away in a cloud of dust
    su coche se alejó en medio de una nube de polvo
    his new car drives well
    su nuevo coche es muy fácil de manejar or (Spain) conducir
    Example sentences
    • I doubt there is a single person driving a car today who hasn't exceeded the speed limit or driven without a seatbelt at times, even though we all know we shouldn't.
    • The boys immediately raced to Ryan's car and he drove at full speed towards the hospital.
    • The occupants of the car drove off at high speed, crashing into a small bridge on the estate, before heading towards Castledermot.
    Example sentences
    • Nakita could drive, had her license and everything, but she liked walking and it wasn't very far.
    • I cannot drive, but my daughter takes me everywhere so I have given the car to her.
    • We've never bothered with a car. I don't drive, and we can get a bus into town if we really need to.
  • 2 (dash)
    (rain/wind/dust)
    azotar
    barrer
    Example sentences
    • For two more days the winds beat against the house, and the snow and ice drove against the windows.
    • We saw her as we pulled out of our drive. She had her head down as the snow was driving in the wind.
    • Ferocious winds howled and heavy rain drove through the Jade Stadium as the Lions were humiliated - beaten in all areas.

Phrasal verbs

drive at

verb + preposition + object (only in -ing form)
what are you driving at?

drive home

verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object
(nail/bolt)
remachar
(argument/lesson)
hacer entender
you must drive it home to him that …
tienes que hacerle entender que …

drive off

1verb + adverb 1.1
(car/driver)
irse
partir
1.2 (in golf)
2verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object (repel)
(attackers/dogs)
ahuyentar

drive on

1verb + object + adverb (incite) ambition drove him on to ever greater efforts
la ambición lo empujaba or llevaba a esforzarse cada vez más
2verb + adverb drive on!
¡siga (adelante)!

drive out

verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object
(invaders)
expulsar
the smoke will drive them out
el humo los va a hacer salir

drive up

1verb + adverb
(vehicle/driver)
llegar
a car drove up outside the embassy
un coche llegó a or se detuvo frente a la embajada
2verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object (cause to rise)
(prices/demand)
hacer subir

noun

  • 1 countable (in vehicle) to go for a drive
    ir a dar un paseo or una vuelta en coche
    his house is ten minutes' drive away
    su casa está a diez minutos en coche
    it's a three-hour/300-mile drive
    es un viaje de tres horas/300 millas en coche
    it's a long drive from here
    está a muchas horas de coche de aquí
    the roads are good, so it's an easy drive
    las carreteras son buenas así que se maneja or (Spain) se conduce sin problemas
    Example sentences
    • It felt special being in this car, it would put a smile on my face every time I went for a drive.
    • As usual the kids were staying with their mum for the weekend, so yesterday I went for a drive out into the country.
    • On the way back from a business trip, the drive was long, but not too tiring.
  • 2 countable 2.1 (leading to house)
    camino (masculine)
    avenida (feminine) (que lleva hasta una casa)
    Example sentences
    • The two parts of the property were divided, with separate driveways constructed to either house.
    • There is a long driveway up to the house from the avenue and there is plenty of off-street parking.
    • Two of the cars were parked off the road in driveways.
    2.2 (in front of house)
    entrada (feminine) (para coches)
    2.3 (in street names)
    Example sentences
    • If, as we are led to believe, that child safety is the prime reason for the changes here in St Paul's Drive I wonder if someone could explain the absence of a safe crossing.
    • Maria, originally from Belvedere Drive, started campaigning against "excessive profiteering" when she was charged €6 for a small bottle of wine in a city bar in November 2003.
    • We spent the entire morning shopping on Rodeo Drive.
  • 3 countable (stroke) (Sport)
    golpe (masculine) fuerte
    Example sentences
    • As the shadows fall across the stadium court, Nalbandian holds his nerve, a backhand drive with both feet off the ground giving him two set points.
    • The third try arrived when, after a number of drives, the ball was spun out through several pairs of hands for hooker Steve Piercy to cross.
    • Gayle, usually the flamboyant strokemaker, played a subdued innings with only rare sightings of his trademark drives and cuts.
    Example sentences
    • I had just taken some lessons from my club pro, and I was hitting my drives in the fairway and the putts were dropping.
    • After hitting a great drive, he put his second shot on the front of the green while his opponent was in trouble.
    • Should you hit a bad shot on that first drive down the fairway, tee up another ball and try again.
  • 4 4.1 uncountable (energy) she's totally lacking in drive
    no es nada emprendedora
    no tiene nada de empuje or dinamismo
    Example sentences
    • There is no drive, commitment or determination to do anything worthwhile on the pitch.
    • Her energy, ambition and drive see her always looking towards the horizon to see what's coming next.
    • To do this must have taken considerable drive and determination, that's all I can say!
    4.2 countable (compulsion) (Psychology) the sex drive
    el apetito sexual
    Example sentences
    • It became fashionable in the Europe of the early 20C to see humans as unwittingly acting out neurosis and subconscious drives.
    • Forbidden sexual feelings, destructive or violent impulses, bodily instincts and drives were hidden there - or repressed, as Freud called it.
    • Similarly, psychoanalysis's emphasis on unconscious drives relegated the conscious mind to relative unimportance.
  • 5 countable 5.1 (organized effort) a sales/export drive
    una campaña de ventas/exportación
    a membership drive
    una campaña para atraer socios
    Example sentences
    • The government has launched a recruitment drive to get 20,000 more nurses into the NHS by 2004.
    • It is currently in the process of renovating the plant and is conducting a membership drive to enable it to complete that renovation.
    • The controversial move is one aspect of a massive drive to get doctors to intervene with heavy drinkers before they become chronic alcoholics.
    5.2 (attacking move) (Military) 5.3 (in US football)
  • 6 (tournament) (British English) a bridge/whist drive
    un torneo de bridge/whist
    Example sentences
    • It is also used for regular card games and whist drives.
    • One of the main social events in the hall is the Friday night whist drives which attract whist players from all over Laois and neighbouring counties.
    • The whist drives which are in aid of the St. Vincent de Paul conference will continue each Monday night in St. Aidan's hall at 8.30 pm.
  • 7 7.1 uncountable or countable (propulsion system) belt drive
    transmisión (feminine) por correa
    Example sentences
    • Once moving, power is balanced between front and rear, reducing drive to rear wheels when not needed, and so cutting fuel consumption.
    • The upright styling is designed to make the car look like a miniature off-roader, but it remains two wheel drive.
    • That provides drive to both wheels in all situations without completely locking up the wheels - while having the possibility to steer with good maneuverability.
    7.2 uncountable (Cars)front-wheel/rear-wheel drive
    tracción (feminine) delantera/trasera
    right-/left-hand drive
    con el volante a la derecha/a la izquierda
    Example sentences
    • I moved the car into drive and moved off toward the convenience store.
    • We got in the car and he put the gears in drive, and soon we were rounding the block.
    • I backed out of the parking space before knocking the gears into drive and pulling out of the Manor.
    7.3 uncountable (automatic gear position) to shift into drive
    poner el coche en marcha or drive

Definition of drive in:

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