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finish

Pronunciation: /ˈfɪnɪʃ/

Translation of finish in Spanish:

transitive verb/verbo transitivo

  • 1 1.1 (complete) [task/meal/building] terminar, acabar she finishes high school in two years' time acabará or terminará el bachillerato dentro de dos años we finish school/work at four o'clock today hoy salimos a las cuatro let her finish what she's doing/saying déjala terminar or acabar lo que está haciendo/de hablar to finish -ing terminar or acabar de + infinitive/infinitivo he hasn't finished painting it yet todavía no ha terminado or acabado de pintarlo
    Example sentences
    • Co-ordination work has started and a task force will finish a feasibility study for the whole project by the end of this year.
    • After she had finished the required tasks she got right down to work on getting to know the dogs.
    • He added: ‘I definitely want to be a professional musician once I finish my studies.’
    1.2 (consume) [drink/loaf/rations] terminar, acabar we've finished our stock of coal se nos ha terminado or acabado el carbón
    Example sentences
    • After the meat was finished off, both Silhi and I laid on our backs and looked up at the sky.
    • He was sad to read in the newspapers about a retired high school teacher having to hop from table to table in a food outlet to finish the leftovers on the plates.
    • We discovered that we all had a horror of wasting food, and would finish a dish rather than throw it in the bin.
  • 2 2.1 (create surface texture on) [cloth/porcelain] terminar; [wood] pulir 2.2 (add final touches to) [product/clothes] terminar, acabar
    Example sentences
    • The fuselage appears to be painted in olive green while the flying surface appears to be finished in silver.
    • Drywall can be difficult for a novice to finish to a smooth surface.
    • Take the same care in cleaning and preparing a surface to be stained as you would in finishing it.
  • 3 (destroy) [colloquial/familiar] [person/career/project] acabar con the scandal finished him as a politician el escándalo acabó con su carrera política the last few laps finished her las últimas vueltas acabaron con ella
    Example sentences
    • I will finish Naylor if it kills me, or a few innocent bystanders.
    • He has just about finished things off by destroying trust and honour.
    • She didn't resist when Xienna grabbed her by the scruff of the neck and propelled her out of the dormitory at high speed, but part of her screamed at her for not finishing the boy.

intransitive verb/verbo intransitivo

  • 1 (come to end) [course/performance/work] terminar, acabar the reading finished with a poem by Keats el recital terminó con un poema de Keats she finished by summarizing the main points again concluyó resumiendo de nuevo los puntos principales
    Example sentences
    • Not only was his season finished, but the future of his playing days was in serious jeopardy.
    • One of them had spent hours working with Sherry in Australia each day after training had finished.
    • Did I mention that I have jury duty coming up straight after the summer semester finishes?
  • 2 (complete activity) terminar, acabar I've finished; may I leave the table? ya he terminado or acabado ¿me puedo levantar de la mesa? if you've quite finished, may I get a word in? [ironic] si has acabado ya ¿me dejas meter baza? [irónico]
  • 3 [Sport/Deporte] to finish first/second/last terminar en primer/segundo/último lugar to finish well/badly acabar bien/mal
    Example sentences
    • Four weeks later he made his competitive debut, finishing 32nd in a race in Austria.
    • Isaac McCann consolidated his overall third place in the under-13 race finishing in third place in 10.25 sec.
    • Emmett ran a good race to finish in fifth place with a ‘Personal Best’ of 4 minutes 2 seconds.
    Example sentences
    • Australia could have had two goals since Brazil scored if they could finish!
    • He is excellent on drives and can finish at the goal or score on runners and pull-up jumpers.
    • We played the sort of rugby we have been aiming for, and I think with a bit of improved finishing we could have scored a few more tries.

noun/nombre

  • 1 (no plural/sin plural) 1.1 (end) fin (masculine), final (masculine) from start to finish del principio al fin or al final to be in at the finish presenciar el final to fight to the finish luchar hasta el final or el fin a fight to the finish una lucha a muerte 1.2 (of race) llegada (feminine) it was a very close finish llegaron a la meta casi a la par 1.3 (ruin) the finish el fin or el final, el golpe de gracia

Phrasal verbs

finish off

verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento 1.1 (complete) [task] terminar, acabar let me just finish off this letter déjame terminar or acabar esta carta 1.2 (exhaust) dejar agotado or [colloquial/familiar] hecho polvo 1.3 (consume) [food/bottle] terminar, acabar 1.1verb + object + adverb/verbo + complemento + adverbio (kill) matar, acabar con, liquidar [colloquial/familiar] that bout of flu nearly finished her off aquella gripe casi acaba con ella 1.2verb + adverb/verbo + adverbio (conclude) terminar, acabar, concluir* [formal] I'd like to finish off by saying that … quisiera terminar or [formal] concluir diciendo que …

finish out

verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento (American English/inglés norteamericano)
completar

finish up

verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento [dinner/food/paint] terminar finish up your carrots termina las zanahorias, cómete todas las zanahorias 1.1verb + adverb/verbo + adverbio (end up, find oneself) acabar we finished up in a village called Burfield acabamos en or fuimos a parar a un pueblo llamado Burfield I knew he'd finish up crying yo sabía que iba a terminar or acabar llorando

Definition of finish in:

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Word of the day vedar
vt
to prohibit …
Cultural fact of the day

In Spain, a school that is privately owned but receives a government grant is called a colegio concertado. Parents pay monthly fees, but not as much as in a colegio privado. Colegios concertados normally cover all stages of primary and secondary education and often have religious connections.