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(past tense & past participle/pasado y participio pasado had)
Pronunciation: /hæv; weak forms həv; əv/

Translation of have in Spanish:

transitive verb/verbo transitivo

  • 1 1.1 (to possess) tener* we have o (especially British English/especialmente inglés británico) we've got 30 hectares tenemos 30 hectáreas I didn't have o (especially British English/especialmente inglés británico) hadn't got any money no tenía dinero do you have a car? — no, I don't o (especially British English/especialmente inglés británico) have you got a car? — no, I haven't ¿tienes coche? — no (, no tengo) have you a car/any children? — no, I haven't ¿tienes coche/hijos? — no (, no tengo) April has 30 days abril tiene 30 días I've a cousin in Boston tengo un primo en Boston
    Example sentences
    • Football, even at youth level, should be about rewarding best practice and not just who has the most money.
    • Almost every household today has a computer.
    • But if you don't keep an eye on the way things are going, then pretty soon you may not have a job to go to.
    1.2 [courage/patience/strength/right] tener* he had the sense to refuse tuvo el sentido común de negarse you've no idea what I've been through! ¡no tienes (ni) idea de or no te puedes imaginar las que he pasado!
    Example sentences
    • Naive art has a quality of its own that is easy to recognize but hard to define.
    • I thought he had a bit more sense, but no.
    • Yet credit is due to Kilmarnock for remaining resolute throughout and having the capacity to respond.
    1.3 (to feel, to show) tener* have some respect! ¡ten más respeto! he hasn't (got) any consideration for others no tiene ninguna consideración con los demás she has a lot of pain tiene or siente mucho dolor I'm beginning to have doubts me están entrando dudas
    Example sentences
    • Like an awful lot of people, I really don't have any strong feelings one way or the other.
    • Did you have this concept in mind from the start, or did it take shape as you wrote the album?
    • She, it seems, has thoughts and ideas about what she wants to do in the weeks and months after the baby is born.
    Example sentences
    • Which of the candidates has got the capacity to convince people that life is precious?
    • The volunteer might not have the patience or training for the task.
    • To be honest, I had no confidence in the techniques I applied.
  • 2 (to hold, to have at one's disposal) tener* look out, he's got a gun! ¡cuidado! ¡tiene una pistola or está armado! how much money do you have o (especially British English/especialmente inglés británico) have you got on you? ¿cuánto dinero tienes or llevas encima? I had him by the arm lo tenía agarrado del brazo may I have a sheet of paper? ¿me das una hoja de papel? that one doesn't work: have this one (British English/inglés británico) ese no funciona, toma este may I have your name? ¿me dice su nombre? do you have o (especially British English/especialmente inglés británico) have you got her address? ¿tienes su dirección? have you got a light? ¿tienes fuego? you've had long enough has tenido tiempo suficiente I've got a surprise for you tengo una sorpresa para ti, te tengo una sorpresa could I have your Sales Department, please? (on phone) ¿me comunica or (in Spain also/en España también) me pone or (in Southern Cone also/en Cono Sur también) me da con el departamento de ventas, por favor? I have it!, I've got it! ¡ya lo tengo!, ¡ya está, ya está! all right: have it your own way! ¡está bien! ¡haz lo que quieras! what have we here? ¿y esto? to have sth to + infinitive/infinitivo tener* algo que + infinitive/infinitivo I've (got) a lot to do tengo mucho que hacer you've (got) a lot to learn tienes mucho que aprender I had nothing to wear that was suitable no tenía nada que ponerme que fuese apropiado I have o I've got this photo to remind me tengo esta foto de recuerdo
  • 3 3.1 (to receive) tener* we had a letter from him last week tuvimos or recibimos carta de él la semana pasada have you had any news? ¿has tenido noticias? he has all-party support cuenta con or tiene el apoyo de todos los partidos could we have some silence, please? (hagan) silencio, por favor could we have the next witness? que pase el siguiente testigo I had it from someone who knows the people involved lo supe or me enteré por alguien que conoce a las personas implicadas we have it on the best authority that … sabemos de buena fuente que … to have had it [colloquial/familiar] don't let her catch you or you've had it que no te pille o estás arreglado [colloquial/familiar] I think your umbrella's had it me parece que tu paraguas no da para más [colloquial/familiar] I've had it up to here with your complaining estoy hasta la coronilla or hasta las narices de tus quejas [colloquial/familiar] to have it in for sb [colloquial/familiar] tenerle* manía or tirria a algn [colloquial/familiar] to let sb have it [slang/argot] (attack — physically) darle* su merecido a algn, darle* a algn como en bolsa (River Plate area/Río de la Plata) [colloquial/familiar] (— verbally) cantarle las cuarenta a algn [colloquial/familiar], poner* a algn verde or a parir (Spain/España) [colloquial/familiar] 3.2 (to obtain, to gain) conseguir* a room can be had for $30 se puede conseguir una habitación por 30 dólares they were the best/only seats to be had eran los mejores/únicos asientos que había red or green, which will you have? rojo o verde ¿cuál quieres? I'll have a kilo of tomatoes, please ¿me da or (Spain/España) me pone un kilo de tomates, por favor?
    Example sentences
    • Carl admitted to having a few pampering treatments before the wedding day.
    • I have received a number of e-mails from persons asking me why I am doing this.
    • Next, we sent an e-mail inquiry and within a day or so we had a reply.
  • 4 (to consume) [steak/spaghetti] comer, tomar (Spain/España) ; [champagne/beer] tomar to have breakfast desayunar to have dinner cenar, comer (Latin America/América Latina) to have lunch almorzar* or (especially Spain, Mexico/especialmente España, México) comer to have a cigarette fumarse un cigarrillo have some more sauce sírvete más salsa what are we having for dinner? ¿qué hay de cena? I've had nothing to eat all day no he comido nada en todo el día we had too much to drink bebimos or (in Latin America also/en América Latina también) tomamos demasiado how do you have your coffee? ¿cómo tomas el café? what will you have? (in restaurant) ¿qué se van a servir?, ¿qué van a tomar? (Spain/España) I think I'll have the sole creo que voy a pedir or (in Spain also/en España también) a tomar el lenguado
    Example sentences
    • They have been in a few nights this week, having a few pints and a few fags.
    • We lose our temper and, as soon as we've had a cup of tea and a biscuit, we feel better.
    • Do you recommend that I can still take my daily vitamins whilst having a high performance drink?
  • 5 5.1 (to experience) [accident/meeting] tener* we had a week in Rome estuvimos or pasamos una semana en Roma they had a party to celebrate hicieron una fiesta para celebrarlo the project has had a setback el proyecto ha sufrido un revés did you have good weather? ¿te ( or les etc) hizo buen tiempo? have a nice day! ¡adiós! ¡que le ( or te etc) vaya bien! we had a very pleasant evening pasamos una noche muy agradable he's having Spanish lessons está tomando or le están dando clases de español, está dando clases de español (Spain/España) I had an injection me pusieron or me dieron una inyección he had a heart transplant/an X ray le hicieron un trasplante de corazón/una radiografía she had a heart attack le dio un ataque al corazón or un infarto they have it easy lo tienen (todo) muy fácil 5.2 (to suffer from) [cancer/diabetes/flu] tener* he's got a headache/sore throat le duele la cabeza/la garganta, tiene dolor de cabeza/garganta you've got a cold estás resfriado
    Example sentences
    • Many people are unaware they have had the illness so do not know if they are immune.
    • It increases the likelihood of a person having asthma, eczema or hay fever.
    • The bug is capable of killing if it infects someone who has recently had flu.
    Example sentences
    • I've had the opportunity to play guys who are having a more difficult time living in society than others.
    • We lost her but she didn't suffer, she had a happy life and a family who adored her.
    • He had a disappointing World Cup by his own high standards but has done well in Super League.
    Example sentences
    • One night, we got back to our rooms after a couple of drinks at Manor Bar and decided to have a Chicago party.
    • We shall have a public banquet in your honor!
    • We head for town in little groups, and end up having our own little post-party parties.
  • 6 (to look after) tener* they have visitors/guests tienen visita/huéspedes we had a friend staying with us teníamos a un amigo en casa my mother offered to have the children mi madre se ofreció a cuidar a los niños
    Example sentences
    • There is another arrival ceremony with short speeches thanking the hotel for having us.
    • I was going to have Peter and Chris over to plan our trip to Aspen the next day.
    • Quick note to say it was fabulous having you, you're a great houseguest, come again any time.
  • 7 (causative use) we'll have it clean in no time enseguida lo limpiamos or lo dejamos limpio he had them all laughing/in tears los hizo reír/llorar a todos you had me worried me tenías preocupado we'll soon have you out of here pronto te sacaremos de aquíto have sb + infinitive/infinitivo she had me retype it me lo hizo volver a pasar a máquina I'll have her call you back as soon as she arrives le diré or pediré que lo llame en cuanto llegue what else would you have them do? ¿qué más quieres que hagan? I'll have you know, young man, that I … para que sepa, jovencito, yo …to have sth + past participle/participio pasado he had a new palace built se hizo or (in Latin America also/en América Latina también) se mandó construir un nuevo palacio you could have it repaired podrías hacerlo arreglar or (in Latin America also/en América Latina también) mandarlo (a) arreglar you've had your hair cut! ¡te has cortado el pelo! have him seen by the doctor hazlo ver por el médico
  • 8 8.1 (to allow, to permit) (with negative) tolerar, consentir* I won't have it! ¡no lo consentiré or toleraré! she refuses to have her private life discussed in public se niega a que discutan su vida privada en público I won't have him interfering no pienso tolerar que se inmiscuya we can't have her getting her hands dirty now, can we? ¡cómo vamos a permitir que la señora se ensucie las manos! 8.2 (to accept, to believe) aceptar, creer* we told her we'd seen him, but she just wouldn't have it le dijimos que lo habíamos visto pero no lo quiso aceptar or creer
    Example sentences
    • We will take 12,000 refugees a year, but we will not have people arriving here illegally and we will act to deter that occurring.
    • I don't like drama in my house. I won't have it.
    • We can't have you being late for something like this, now, can we?
  • 9 (indicating what happens ) I have people coming for dinner tonight esta noche tengo gente a cenarto have sth + infinitive/infinitivo/+ past participle/participio pasado I've had three lambs die this week se me han muerto tres corderos esta semana he had his bicycle stolen le robaron la bicicleta
    Example sentences
    • We have had previous experience of having cars damaged and stolen.
    • The man staying next to me at the hotel had his travel bag stolen from the room yesterday.
    • They suffered the indignity of having their pictures splashed all over the papers.
  • 10 (indicating state, position) tener* she had her eyes closed tenía los ojos cerrados I had the radio on tenía la radio puesta you have o (British English/inglés británico) you've got your belt twisted tienes el cinturón torcido what color shall we have the flowers? ¿de qué color ponemos ( or compramos etc) las flores? let's have the sofa over here pongamos el sofá aquí
    Example sentences
    • We see little wildlife during the dive, but the experience has my adrenalin pumping.
    • We'll have a room ready as soon as possible.
    • Now her article has me thinking.
  • 11 (to give birth to) [baby/twins] tener*
    Example sentences
    • It was her own experiences of having her two sons and two daughters that led her to wanting to become a midwife.
    • My mother knows a couple, newly married and who have just gone through the happy experience of having a set of twins.
    • By having a baby a teenager won't be able to do these things, due to not being able to afford a babysitter.
  • 12 [colloquial/familiar] 12.1 (to catch, to get the better of) they almost had him, but he managed to escape casi lo agarran or atrapan, pero logró escaparse I'll have them for that ya me las pagarán the name of the actor? you have me there ¿el nombre del actor? ¡ahí sí que me mataste! [colloquial/familiar] 12.2 (to swindle) timar; (dupe) engañar you've been had! ¡te han timado or engañado!, ¡te han tomado el pelo! [colloquial/familiar] I had you there: you thought I was serious! te engañé, te creíste que lo decía en serio
    Example sentences
    • Then he realized he'd been had - and a big grin spread over his face.
    • I was had, the advertisers did their bit and got me, they well and truly got me!
  • 13 (to establish) rumor has it that … corre el rumor de que … she was not in fact, as popular belief has it, an orphan no era en realidad huérfana, como se suele creer as fate would have it, she … quiso la suerte que ella …

auxiliary verb/verbo auxiliar

  • 1 (used to form the perfect tenses) haber* I have/had seen her la he/había visto I have/had just seen her la acabo/acababa de ver, recién la vi/la había visto (Latin America/América Latina) have you been waiting long? ¿hace mucho que esperas?, ¿llevas mucho rato esperando? you have been busy ¡cómo has trabajado! she'd already gone when we arrived ya se había ido cuando llegamos had I known that o if I'd known that … si hubiera sabido que …, de haber sabido que … when he had finished, she … cuando terminó or [literary/literario] cuando hubo terminado, ella …
  • 2 (in question tags) you've been told, haven't you? te lo han dicho ¿no? or ¿no es cierto? or ¿no es verdad? they have signed, haven't they? han firmado ¿no? you haven't lost the key, have you? ¡no habrás perdido la llave …!
  • 3 (in elliptical use) you may have forgiven him, but I haven't puede que tú lo hayas perdonado, pero yo no the clock has stopped — so it has! el reloj se ha parado — ¡es verdad! or ¡es cierto! you've forgotten something — have I? te has olvidado de algo — ¿sí? I've told her — you haven't! se lo he dicho — ¡no! ¿en serio?
  • 4 4.1 (expressing obligation) have (got) to + infinitive/infinitivo tener* que + infinitive/infinitivo do you have to go?, have you got to go? ¿tienes que ir? you don't have to come if you don't want to no tienes que or no tienes por qué venir si no quieres I have o I've got to admit that … tengo que reconocer que … you don't have to be an expert to realize that no hay que or no se necesita ser un experto para darse cuenta de eso don't go out unless you have to no salgas a menos que tengas que hacerlo she always has to interfere siempre tiene que inmiscuirse 4.2 (expressing certainty) have (got) to + infinitive/infinitivo tener* que + infinitive/infinitivo someone has to o someone's got to lose alguien tiene que perder it had to happen tenía que ocurrir you've got to be kidding! ¡lo dices en broma or en chiste!

Phrasal verbs

have around

verb + object + adverb/verbo + complemento + adverbio
(have at one's disposal) a useful gadget to have around un aparato útil de tener a mano nice to have you around, Bill encantado de tenerte por aquí, Bill she's nice to have around su compañía es agradable

have at

verb + preposition + object/verbo + preposición + complemento
(attack) atacar* have at you! (in fencing) [archaic] ¡en guardia!

have away

(British English/inglés británico) see
have off 2 2

have back

verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento (receive back) can I have the ring back? ¿me devuelves el anillo? 1.1verb + object + adverb/verbo + complemento + adverbio 2.1 [guests] (invite again) volver* a invitar (reciprocate invitation) it's time we had them back es hora de que les devolvamos la invitación 2.2 (allow to return) I'd like to rejoin the party, if they'll have me back me gustaría volver a ser miembro del partido, si me aceptan I still love her and I'd have her back todavía la quiero y la perdonaría si volviese

have down

verb + object + adverb/verbo + complemento + adverbio
(dismantle, demolish) [scaffolding/shelves] quitar; [wall/building] tirar, echar abajo 1.1 (American English/inglés norteamericano) [list/poem] (know by heart) saber* de memoria 1.2 (bring down) (especially British English/especialmente inglés británico) [box/book] bajar 1.3 (invite) (especially British English/especialmente inglés británico) I had my sister down from Scotland for a week mi hermana vino de Escocia a pasar una semana en casa

have in

verb + object + adverb/verbo + complemento + adverbio
(put in, install) instalar they soon had the new boiler in enseguida instalaron la nueva caldera to have it in for sb tenerla* tomada con algn 1.1 2.1 [interviewee] hacer* pasar 2.2 [workmen] we have the decorators in at the moment estamos con los pintores en casa I'll have to have the carpenter in voy a tener que llamar al carpintero 2.3 [guests] invitar we had them in for a drink los invitamos a casa a tomar una copa we are having people in tonight esta noche tenemos invitados

have off

verb + object + adverb/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verb + object + preposition + object/verbo + complemento + preposición + complemento
(from work, school) we had a week off (from) school because of the strike estuvimos una semana sin clase por la huelga I'm having two days off next week (British English/inglés británico) me voy a tomar dos días libres la semana que viene 1.1 (remove) (especially British English/especialmente inglés británico) 2.1 [lid/paint] quitar the wind nearly had our roof off el viento casi se llevó or nos arrancó el tejado we soon had the old varnish off it enseguida le quitamos el barniz viejo 2.2to have it off o away (British English/inglés británico) [slang/argot] echarse un polvo [slang/argot] to have it off o away with sb tirarse a algn [slang/argot], coger* con algn (Mexico/México) (River Plate area/Río de la Plata) [vulgar]

have on

verb + object + adverb/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verb + object + preposition + object/verbo + complemento + preposición + complemento (put on) [cover/roof] colocar*, poner* they soon had all the books on the shelves pronto colocaron todos los libros en los estantes 1.1verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento (be wearing) llevar or tener* puesto what did she have on? ¿qué llevaba or tenía puesto?, ¿cómo iba vestida? I had nothing on estaba desnudo you have your sweater on backwards o (British English/inglés británico) back to front llevas or tienes el suéter puesto al revés 1.2verb + object + adverb/verbo + complemento + adverbio (British English/inglés británico) 3.1 (have arranged) tener* have you anything on this evening? ¿tienes or haces algo esta noche?, ¿tienes programa para esta noche? 3.2 (have in progress) the municipal gallery has an exhibition on en la galería municipal hay una exposición let's see what they have on at the Metro veamos qué dan or (in Spain also/en España también) qué echan or ponen en el Metro 1.3verb + object + adverb/verbo + complemento + adverbio (tease) [colloquial/familiar] to have sb on tomarle el pelo a algn [colloquial/familiar] you're having me on! ¡me estás tomando el pelo! [colloquial/familiar]

have out

verb + object + adverb/verbo + complemento + adverbio
1.1 (have removed) I've had a tooth out me han sacado una muela, me han hecho una extracción she had her tonsils out la operaron de las amígdalas, le extirparon las amígdalas [formal] 1.2 (discuss forcefully)to have sth out (with sb) let's have this thing out here and now! ¡vamos a hablar claro de esto ahora mismo! I'll have to have it out with Mary about the phone bill voy a tener que hablar seriamente con Mary sobre la cuenta del teléfono

have over

(in British English also/en inglés británico también) have round verb + object + adverb/verbo + complemento + adverbio
[guests] invitar let's have some friends over to celebrate invitemos a algunos amigos para celebrarlo we had a few friends over last night anoche vinieron unos amigos

have up

verb + object + adverb/verbo + complemento + adverbio
1.1 (put up) [shelves] colocar*; [flag] izar* they had these houses up in six months levantaron estas casas en seis meses 1.2 (bring before court) (British English/inglés británico) [colloquial/familiar] (often passive/frecuentemente en voz pasiva) he was had up for speeding lo agarraron por exceso de velocidad [colloquial/familiar] ([ y tuvo que comparecer ante el juez ]) 1.3 (invite) (especially British English/especialmente inglés británico) they had their cousins up from London for a week sus primos de Londres vinieron a pasar una semana en su casa

Definition of have in:

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An estanco is an establishment selling tobacco, stamps, bus and subway passes and other products whose sale is restricted. Cigarettes etc are sold in bars and cafés but at higher prices. Estancos also sell stationery and sometimes newspapers.