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past tense & past participle had
American English: /hæv/
, /həv/
, /(ə)v/
British English: /hav/

Translation of have in Spanish:

transitive verb

  • 1 1.1 (to possess) we have or (esp British) we've got 30 hectares
    tenemos 30 hectáreas
    I didn't have or (esp British) hadn't got any money
    no tenía dinero
    do you have a car? — no, I don't or (esp British)have you got a car? — no, I haven't
    ¿tienes coche? — no (, no tengo)
    have you a car/any children? — no, I haven't
    ¿tienes coche/hijos? — no (, no tengo)
    April has 30 days
    abril tiene 30 días
    I've a cousin in Boston
    tengo un primo en Boston
    Example sentences
    • Football, even at youth level, should be about rewarding best practice and not just who has the most money.
    • Almost every household today has a computer.
    • But if you don't keep an eye on the way things are going, then pretty soon you may not have a job to go to.
    he had the sense to refuse
    tuvo el sentido común de negarse
    you've no idea what I've been through!
    ¡no tienes (ni) idea de or no te puedes imaginar las que he pasado!
    Example sentences
    • Naive art has a quality of its own that is easy to recognize but hard to define.
    • I thought he had a bit more sense, but no.
    • Yet credit is due to Kilmarnock for remaining resolute throughout and having the capacity to respond.
    Example sentences
    • Which of the candidates has got the capacity to convince people that life is precious?
    • The volunteer might not have the patience or training for the task.
    • To be honest, I had no confidence in the techniques I applied.
    1.3 (to feel, to show) have some respect!
    ¡ten más respeto!
    he hasn't (got) any consideration for others
    no tiene ninguna consideración con los demás
    she has a lot of pain
    tiene or siente mucho dolor
    I'm beginning to have doubts
    me están entrando dudas
    Example sentences
    • Like an awful lot of people, I really don't have any strong feelings one way or the other.
    • Did you have this concept in mind from the start, or did it take shape as you wrote the album?
    • She, it seems, has thoughts and ideas about what she wants to do in the weeks and months after the baby is born.
  • 2 (to hold, to have at one's disposal) look out, he's got a gun!
    ¡cuidado! ¡tiene una pistola or está armado!
    how much money do you have or (esp British)have you got on you?
    ¿cuánto dinero tienes or llevas encima?
    I had him by the arm
    lo tenía agarrado del brazo
    may I have a sheet of paper?
    ¿me das una hoja de papel?
    that one doesn't work: have this one (British)
    ese no funciona, toma este
    may I have your name?
    ¿me dice su nombre?
    do you have or (esp British)have you got her address?
    ¿tienes su dirección?
    have you got a light?
    ¿tienes fuego?
    you've had long enough
    has tenido tiempo suficiente
    I've got a surprise for you
    tengo una sorpresa para ti
    te tengo una sorpresa
    could I have your Sales Department, please? (on phone)
    ¿me comunica con el departamento de ventas, por favor?
    ¿me pone con el departamento de ventas, por favor? (Spain)
    ¿me da con el departamento de ventas, por favor? (Southern Cone)
    I have it!, I've got it!
    ¡ya lo tengo!
    ¡ya está, ya está!
    all right: have it your own way!
    ¡está bien! ¡haz lo que quieras!
    what have we here?
    ¿y esto?
    to have something to + infinitive
    tener algo que + infinitive
    I've (got) a lot to do you've (got) a lot to learn
    tienes mucho que aprender
    I had nothing to wear that was suitable
    no tenía nada que ponerme que fuese apropiado
    I have or I've got this photo to remind me
    tengo esta foto de recuerdo
  • 3 3.1 (to receive) we had a letter from him last week
    tuvimos or recibimos carta de él la semana pasada
    have you had any news?
    ¿has tenido noticias?
    he has all-party support
    cuenta con or tiene el apoyo de todos los partidos
    could we have some silence, please? could we have the next witness?
    que pase el siguiente testigo
    I had it from someone who knows the people involved
    lo supe or me enteré por alguien que conoce a las personas implicadas
    we have it on the best authority that …
    sabemos de buena fuente que …
    to have had it [colloquial]don't let her catch you or you've had it
    que no te pille o estás arreglado [colloquial]
    I think your umbrella's had it
    me parece que tu paraguas no da para más [colloquial]
    I've had it up to here with your complaining
    estoy hasta la coronilla or hasta las narices de tus quejas [colloquial]
    to have it in for somebody [colloquial]
    tenerle manía or tirria a alguien [colloquial]
    to let somebody have it [slang] (attack)
    (physically) darle su merecido a alguien
    darle a alguien como en bolsa (Río de la Plata) [colloquial]
    (verbally) cantarle las cuarenta a alguien [colloquial]
    poner a alguien verde or a parir (Spain) [colloquial]
    Example sentences
    • Carl admitted to having a few pampering treatments before the wedding day.
    • I have received a number of e-mails from persons asking me why I am doing this.
    • Next, we sent an e-mail inquiry and within a day or so we had a reply.
    3.2 (to obtain, to gain) a room can be had for $30
    se puede conseguir una habitación por 30 dólares
    they were the best/only seats to be had
    eran los mejores/únicos asientos que había
    red or green, which will you have?
    rojo o verde ¿cuál quieres?
    I'll have a kilo of tomatoes, please
    ¿me da un kilo de tomates, por favor?
    ¿me pone un kilo de tomates, por favor? (Spain)
  • 4 (to consume)
    tomar (Spain)
    to have breakfast to have dinner to have lunch
    comer (esp Spain, Mexico)
    to have a cigarette
    fumarse un cigarrillo
    have some more sauce
    sírvete más salsa
    what are we having for dinner? I've had nothing to eat all day
    no he comido nada en todo el día
    we had too much to drink
    bebimos demasiado
    tomamos demasiado (Latin America)
    how do you have your coffee?
    ¿cómo tomas el café?
    what will you have? (in restaurant)
    ¿qué se van a servir?
    ¿qué van a tomar? (Spain)
    I think I'll have the sole
    creo que voy a pedir el lenguado
    creo que voy a tomar el lenguado (Spain)
    Example sentences
    • They have been in a few nights this week, having a few pints and a few fags.
    • We lose our temper and, as soon as we've had a cup of tea and a biscuit, we feel better.
    • Do you recommend that I can still take my daily vitamins whilst having a high performance drink?
  • 5 5.1 (to experience)
    we had a week in Rome
    estuvimos or pasamos una semana en Roma
    they had a party to celebrate
    hicieron una fiesta para celebrarlo
    the project has had a setback
    el proyecto ha sufrido un revés
    did you have good weather?
    ¿te ( or les etc. ) hizo buen tiempo?
    have a nice day!
    ¡adiós! ¡que le ( or te etc. ) vaya bien!
    we had a very pleasant evening
    pasamos una noche muy agradable
    he's having Spanish lessons
    está tomando or le están dando clases de español
    está dando clases de español (Spain)
    I had an injection
    me pusieron or me dieron una inyección
    he had a heart transplant/an X ray
    le hicieron un trasplante de corazón/una radiografía
    she had a heart attack
    le dio un ataque al corazón or un infarto
    they have it easy
    lo tienen (todo) muy fácil
    Example sentences
    • I've had the opportunity to play guys who are having a more difficult time living in society than others.
    • We lost her but she didn't suffer, she had a happy life and a family who adored her.
    • He had a disappointing World Cup by his own high standards but has done well in Super League.
    Example sentences
    • One night, we got back to our rooms after a couple of drinks at Manor Bar and decided to have a Chicago party.
    • We shall have a public banquet in your honor!
    • We head for town in little groups, and end up having our own little post-party parties.
    5.2 (to suffer from)
    he's got a headache/sore throat
    le duele la cabeza/la garganta
    tiene dolor de cabeza/garganta
    you've got a cold
    estás resfriado
    Example sentences
    • Many people are unaware they have had the illness so do not know if they are immune.
    • It increases the likelihood of a person having asthma, eczema or hay fever.
    • The bug is capable of killing if it infects someone who has recently had flu.
  • 6 (to look after) they have visitors/guests
    tienen visita/huéspedes
    we had a friend staying with us
    teníamos a un amigo en casa
    my mother offered to have the children
    mi madre se ofreció a cuidar a los niños
    Example sentences
    • There is another arrival ceremony with short speeches thanking the hotel for having us.
    • I was going to have Peter and Chris over to plan our trip to Aspen the next day.
    • Quick note to say it was fabulous having you, you're a great houseguest, come again any time.
  • 7 (causative use) we'll have it clean in no time
    enseguida lo limpiamos or lo dejamos limpio
    he had them all laughing/in tears
    los hizo reír/llorar a todos
    you had me worried
    me tenías preocupado
    we'll soon have you out of here
    pronto te sacaremos de aquí
    to have somebody + infinitiveshe had me retype it
    me lo hizo volver a pasar a máquina
    I'll have her call you back as soon as she arrives
    le diré or pediré que lo llame en cuanto llegue
    what else would you have them do?
    ¿qué más quieres que hagan?
    I'll have you know, young man, that I …
    para que sepa, jovencito, yo …
    to have something + past participlehe had a new palace built
    se hizo construir un nuevo palacio
    se mandó construir un nuevo palacio (Latin America)
    you could have it repaired
    podrías hacerlo arreglar
    podrías mandarlo (a) arreglar (Latin America)
    you've had your hair cut!
    ¡te has cortado el pelo!
    have him seen by the doctor
    hazlo ver por el médico
  • 8 8.1 (to allow, to permit) (with negative) I won't have it!
    ¡no lo consentiré or toleraré!
    she refuses to have her private life discussed in public
    se niega a que discutan su vida privada en público
    I won't have him interfering
    no pienso tolerar que se inmiscuya
    we can't have her getting her hands dirty now, can we?
    ¡cómo vamos a permitir que la señora se ensucie las manos!
    Example sentences
    • We will take 12,000 refugees a year, but we will not have people arriving here illegally and we will act to deter that occurring.
    • I don't like drama in my house. I won't have it.
    • We can't have you being late for something like this, now, can we?
    8.2 (to accept, to believe) we told her we'd seen him, but she just wouldn't have it
    le dijimos que lo habíamos visto pero no lo quiso aceptar or creer
  • 9 (indicating what happens)I have people coming for dinner tonight
    esta noche tengo gente a cenar
    to have something + infinitive/+ past participleI've had three lambs die this week
    se me han muerto tres corderos esta semana
    he had his bicycle stolen
    le robaron la bicicleta
    Example sentences
    • We have had previous experience of having cars damaged and stolen.
    • The man staying next to me at the hotel had his travel bag stolen from the room yesterday.
    • They suffered the indignity of having their pictures splashed all over the papers.
  • 10 (indicating state, position) she had her eyes closed I had the radio on
    tenía la radio puesta
    you have or (British) you've got your belt twisted
    tienes el cinturón torcido
    what color shall we have the flowers?
    ¿de qué color ponemos ( or compramos etc. ) las flores?
    let's have the sofa over here
    pongamos el sofá aquí
    Example sentences
    • We see little wildlife during the dive, but the experience has my adrenalin pumping.
    • We'll have a room ready as soon as possible.
    • Now her article has me thinking.
  • 11 (to give birth to)
    Example sentences
    • It was her own experiences of having her two sons and two daughters that led her to wanting to become a midwife.
    • My mother knows a couple, newly married and who have just gone through the happy experience of having a set of twins.
    • By having a baby a teenager won't be able to do these things, due to not being able to afford a babysitter.
  • 12 [colloquial] 12.1 (to catch, to get the better of) they almost had him, but he managed to escape
    casi lo agarran or atrapan, pero logró escaparse
    I'll have them for that
    ya me las pagarán
    the name of the actor? you have me there
    ¿el nombre del actor? ¡ahí sí que me mataste! [colloquial]
    (to swindle) timar
    (dupe) engañar
    you've been had!
    ¡te han timado or engañado!
    ¡te han tomado el pelo! [colloquial]
    I had you there: you thought I was serious!
    te engañé, te creíste que lo decía en serio
    Example sentences
    • Then he realized he'd been had - and a big grin spread over his face.
    • I was had, the advertisers did their bit and got me, they well and truly got me!
  • 13 (to establish)rumor has it that … she was not in fact, as popular belief has it, an orphan
    no era en realidad huérfana, como se suele creer
    as fate would have it, she …
    quiso la suerte que ella …
  • 14 (in the sexual sense)
    poseer [literary]
    acostarse con

auxiliary verb

  • 1 (used to form the perfect tenses) I have/had seen her
    la he/había visto
    I have/had just seen her
    la acabo/acababa de ver
    recién la vi/la había visto (Latin America)
    have you been waiting long?
    ¿hace mucho que esperas?
    ¿llevas mucho rato esperando?
    you have been busy
    ¡cómo has trabajado!
    she'd already gone when we arrived
    ya se había ido cuando llegamos
    had I known that or if I'd known that …
    si hubiera sabido que …
    de haber sabido que …
    when he had finished, she …
    cuando terminó, ella …
    cuando hubo terminado, ella … [literary]
  • 2 (in question tags)you've been told, haven't you?
    te lo han dicho ¿no? or ¿no es cierto? or ¿no es verdad?
    they have signed, haven't they?
    han firmado ¿no?
    you haven't lost the key, have you?
    ¡no habrás perdido la llave …!
  • 3 (in elliptical use)you may have forgiven him, but I haven't
    puede que tú lo hayas perdonado, pero yo no
    the clock has stopped — so it has!
    el reloj se ha parado — ¡es verdad! or ¡es cierto!
    you've forgotten something — have I?
    te has olvidado de algo — ¿sí?
    I've told her — you haven't!
    se lo he dicho — ¡no! ¿en serio?
  • 4 4.1 (expressing obligation)have (got) to + infinitive
    tener que + infinitive
    do you have to go?, have you got to go?
    ¿tienes que ir?
    you don't have to come if you don't want to
    no tienes que or no tienes por qué venir si no quieres
    I have or I've got to admit that …
    tengo que reconocer que …
    you don't have to be an expert to realize that
    no hay que or no se necesita ser un experto para darse cuenta de eso
    don't go out unless you have to
    no salgas a menos que tengas que hacerlo
    she always has to interfere
    siempre tiene que inmiscuirse
    4.2 (expressing certainty)have (got) to + infinitive
    tener que + infinitive
    someone has to or someone's got to lose
    alguien tiene que perder
    it had to happen
    tenía que ocurrir
    you've got to be kidding!
    ¡lo dices en broma or en chiste!

Phrasal verbs

have around

verb + object + adverb
(have at one's disposal) a useful gadget to have around
un aparato útil de tener a mano
nice to have you around, Bill
encantado de tenerte por aquí, Bill
she's nice to have around
su compañía es agradable

have at

verb + preposition + object
(attack) have at you! (in fencing) [archaic]
¡en guardia!

have away

(British) see
have off 2 2

have back

1verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object (receive back) can I have the ring back?
¿me devuelves el anillo?
2verb + object + adverb 2.1 (guests) (invite again)
volver a invitar
(reciprocate invitation) it's time we had them back
es hora de que les devolvamos la invitación
2.2 (allow to return) I'd like to rejoin the party, if they'll have me back
me gustaría volver a ser miembro del partido, si me aceptan
I still love her and I'd have her back
todavía la quiero y la perdonaría si volviese

have down

verb + object + adverb
1 (dismantle, demolish)
echar abajo
2 (US)
(list/poem) (know by heart) saber de memoria
3 (bring down) (esp British)
4 (invite) (esp British)I had my sister down from Scotland for a week
mi hermana vino de Escocia a pasar una semana en casa

have in

verb + object + adverb
1 (put in, install) they soon had the new boiler in
enseguida instalaron la nueva caldera
to have it in for somebody
tenerla tomada con alguien
2 2.1
hacer pasar
2.2 (workmen)we have the decorators in at the moment
estamos con los pintores en casa
I'll have to have the carpenter in
voy a tener que llamar al carpintero
we had them in for a drink
los invitamos a casa a tomar una copa
we are having people in tonight
esta noche tenemos invitados

have off

verb + object + adverb, verb + object + preposition + object
1 (from work, school) we had a week off (from) school because of the strike
estuvimos una semana sin clase por la huelga
I'm having two days off next week (British)
me voy a tomar dos días libres la semana que viene
2 (remove) (esp British) 2.1
the wind nearly had our roof off
el viento casi se llevó or nos arrancó el tejado
we soon had the old varnish off it
enseguida le quitamos el barniz viejo
2.2to have it off or away (British) [slang] to have it off or away with somebody
tirarse a alguien [slang]
coger con alguien (Mexico) (Río de la Plata) [vulgar]

have on

1verb + object + adverb, verb + object + preposition + object (put on)
they soon had all the books on the shelves
pronto colocaron todos los libros en los estantes
2verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object (be wearing)
llevar or tener puesto
what did she have on?
¿qué llevaba or tenía puesto?
¿cómo iba vestida?
I had nothing on
estaba desnudo
you have your sweater on backwards or (British) back to front
llevas or tienes el suéter puesto al revés
3verb + object + adverb (British) 3.1 (have arranged) have you anything on this evening?
¿tienes or haces algo esta noche?
¿tienes programa para esta noche?
3.2 (have in progress) the municipal gallery has an exhibition on
en la galería municipal hay una exposición
let's see what they have on at the Metro
veamos qué dan en el Metro
veamos qué echan or ponen en el Metro (Spain)
4verb + object + adverb (tease) [colloquial]to have somebody on
tomarle el pelo a alguien [colloquial]
you're having me on!
¡me estás tomando el pelo! [colloquial]

have out

verb + object + adverb
1 (have removed) I've had a tooth out
me han sacado una muela
me han hecho una extracción
she had her tonsils out
la operaron de las amígdalas
le extirparon las amígdalas [formal]
2 (discuss forcefully)to have something out (with somebody)let's have this thing out here and now!
¡vamos a hablar claro de esto ahora mismo!
I'll have to have it out with Mary about the phone bill
voy a tener que hablar seriamente con Mary sobre la cuenta del teléfono

have over

(British also) have round verb + object + adverb
let's have some friends over to celebrate
invitemos a algunos amigos para celebrarlo
we had a few friends over last night
anoche vinieron unos amigos

have up

verb + object + adverb
1 (put up)
they had these houses up in six months
levantaron estas casas en seis meses
2 (bring before court) (British) [colloquial] (often passive) he was had up for speeding
lo agarraron por exceso de velocidad [colloquial] (y tuvo que comparecer ante el juez)
3 (invite) (esp British)they had their cousins up from London for a week
sus primos de Londres vinieron a pasar una semana en su casa
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