vt (past tense of/pasado de knew past participle of/participio pasado de, known)
- 1 1.1 (have knowledge of, be aware of) saber* I don't know his name/how old he is no sé cómo se llama/cuántos años tiene do you know the words of the song? ¿sabes la letra de la canción? to know sth
aboutsth saber* algo dealgo what do you know about that? ¿tú qué sabes de eso? not to know the first thing about sth no saber* nada or no tener* ni idea de algo he's clever/wrong and he knows it es listo/está equivocado y lo sabe his wife knows it su mujer lo sabe or está enterada I knew it! you've changed your mind! ¡ya sabía yo que ibas a cambiar de idea! I didn't know (that) you had a brother! no sabía que tenías un hermano I know you're upset but … ya sé que estás disgustado pero … how was I to know that … ? ¿cómo iba yo a saber que … ? I should have known this would happen tenía que haber(me) imaginado que iba a pasar esto I don't know that I agree/that I'll be able to come no sé si estoy de acuerdo/si podré ir I'll have you know that … has de saber que …, para que sepas, … you know as well as I do that … sabes tan bien como yo que … I don't know how to put this, but … no sé cómo decirlo, pero … I don't know what you mean no sé qué quieres decir you know what he's like ya sabes cómo es (él), ya lo conoces before I knew where I was, it was ten o'clock cuando quise darme cuenta or (in River Plate area also/en Río de la Plata también) cuando quise acordar, eran las diez it is well known that … todo el mundo sabe que … it's not widely known that she also paints poca gente or no todo el mundo sabe que también pinta it soon became known that … pronto se supo que …to be known to + infinitive/infinitivohe's known to be dangerous/opposed to the idea se sabe que es peligroso/que se opone a la idea I know her to be a reliable person/a liar me consta que es de fiar/una mentirosa we knew him for a devout man [formal] lo teníamos por un hombre devoto I know that for a fact me consta que es asíto know to + infinitive/infinitivo[colloquial/familiar] he does know to turn off the gas, doesn't he? sabe que tiene que desconectar el gas ¿no? she knows not to disturb us sabe (muy bien) que no tiene que molestarnos to let sb know sth decirle* algo a algn, hacerle* saber or comunicarle* algo a algn [formal] (warn) avisarle algo a algn let me know how much it's going to cost dime cuánto va a costar let me know when you're going to arrive avísame cuándo vas a llegar let me know your decision hágame saber or comuníqueme su decisión [formal] he let it be known that … dio a entender que … to make sth known to sb hacerle* saber algo a algn he made it known to us that … nos hizo saber que … without our knowing it sin saberlo nosotros, sin que lo supiéramos there's no knowing what he might do quién sabe qué hará do you know what! ¿sabes qué? I know what: let's go skating! ¡tengo una idea: vayamos a patinar! well, what do you know! ¡qué te parece!, ¡pues mira tú! maybe she forgot; what o how do I know! ¡(y) yo qué sé, quizá se haya olvidado! he's not very patient — don't I know it! no tiene mucha paciencia — ¡si lo sabré yo! wouldn't you know it: it's starting to rain! ¡no te digo, se ha puesto a llover! not to know which way o where to turn no saber* qué hacer to know sth backwards she knows her part backwards (and forwards) se sabe el papel al dedillo or al revés y al derecho or (in Southern Cone also/en Cono Sur también) de atrás para adelanteMore example sentences1.2 (have practical understanding of) [French/shorthand] saber*
More example sentences1.3 (have skill, ability) to know how to +
- She is now growing increasingly concerned and wants anyone who may know of his whereabouts to get in contact.
- Remember to let the kennels or cattery know of any particular feeding or other requirements for your pet.
- Let it be clear from here on in that I know absolutely nothing about how cars work.
- One can listen to an aria in Italian or German without knowing the language and still get the message.
- English children living in France would have to know the language - spoken and written.
- This good news comes from someone who knows her subject.
infinitive/infinitivosaber* + infinitive/infinitivohe doesn't know how to swim no sabe nadar
- 2 2.1 (be acquainted with) [person/place] conocer* I know her from college/from somewhere la conozco de la universidad/de algún sitio we've known each other for years hace años que nos conocemos how well do you know her? ¿la conoces mucho or bien? I only know her by name la conozco or (in Latin America also/en América Latina también) la ubico solo de nombre it's not what you know, it's who you know that is important lo que importa no es lo que sabes sino a quién conoces I thought you'd forgotten — you know me better than that! pensé que te habías olvidado — ¿pero no me conoces? or ¡sabes que sería incapaz! you know me/him: ever the optimist ya me/lo conoces: siempre tan optimista if I know her, she won't even be up yet conociéndola, seguro que ni siquiera se ha levantado do you know France at all? ¿conoces Francia? to get to know sb how did they get to know each other? ¿cómo se conocieron? I got to know him better/quite well llegué a conocerlo mejor/bastante bien to get to know sth familiarizarse* con algo I'm still getting to know the area todavía no conozco bien la zona to make oneself known to sb darse* a conocer a algn we knew her as Mrs Balfour/the little old lady next door para nosotros era la Sra Balfour/la viejita de al lado 2.2 (have personal experience of) he has known poverty/success ha conocido la pobreza/el éxito he knows no fear no sabe lo que es or no conoce el miedo you don't know what it is to be hungry (tú) no sabes lo que es tener hambre 2.3 (be restricted by) [literary/literario] tener* her ambition knows no limits su ambición no tiene límites 2.4 [Bible/Biblia] [archaic/arcaico] (sexually) conocer* [archaic/arcaico]More example sentences
More example sentences
- The angel tells Mary (a woman who has known no man) that she will bear a son.
- Anybody familiar with Citroen's larger cars knows the comfort of its hydraulic suspension system.
- The castles and heritage trails are known and savoured by visitors from near and far.
- Andrea told me that all her girl friends know the site, which really flattered me.
- 3 3.1 (recognize, identify) reconocer* I'd know that voice anywhere reconocería esa voz en cualquier parte would you know him? ¿lo reconocerías? would you know the street? ¿reconocerías la calle? she knows a good thing when she sees one sabe lo que es bueno to know sth/sb
bysth reconocer* algo/a algn poralgo 3.2 (distinguish) to know sth/sb fromsth/sb distinguir* algo/a algn dealgo/algn I don't know one from the other no los distingo, no distingo al uno del otroMore example sentences
More example sentences
- Certainly, he is a man who knows his arias from his oboes.
- Anyway, we shall all know the answer in three weeks time but my vain hope would be that someone is put in charge of the agricultural portfolio who at least knows his sheep from his goats.
- I solicited advice from a doctor friend who knows his asthma from his tennis elbow, and who has studied many branches of medicine.
- Everyone knows the name and recognises the face but not many of us have actually gone to see him.
- Yet Sven Goran Eriksson and his assistant clearly know a player when they see one.
- One man recognises a room by a small sign, another knows a street by the tram car numbers.
- 4 (see, experience) (only in perfect tenses) I've never known her (to) lose her temper nunca la he visto perder los estribos this has been known to happen before esto ya ha ocurrido otras veces I have been known to read a book occasionally, you know algún libro leo de vez en cuando, aunque te parezca mentiraMore example sentences
More example sentences
- It's good to know that the authorities are aware of the need to protect our environment.
- She said the bus companies knew that customers were very aware of green issues and clean fuel.
- Anyone who has travelled to Holland knows that they are more aware of human rights.
- Today, he takes comfort in the fact that his eldest son knew personal happiness and fulfilment in the last few years of his life.
- They knew plenty of personal pain and grief, but their country was inviolable and it prospered.
- He is a man who has known much personal sorrow in his life, and yet that has not stopped him doing what he can for others.
vi (past tense of/pasado de knew past participle of/participio pasado de, known)
- saber* what happened? — nobody knows ¿qué pasó? — no se sabe how do you know? ¿cómo lo sabes? when will you know? ¿cuándo lo sabrás? I can't accept, as he well knows sabe muy bien que no puedo aceptar I won't argue: you know best no voy a discutir: tú sabrás I know! ¡ya sé!, ¡tengo una idea! I ought to know! ¡si lo sabré yo! let me know as soon as he arrives avísame en cuanto llegue when will they let us know? ¿cuándo nos lo dirán or [formal] nos lo comunicarán? you could have let me know! ¡me lo podrías haber dicho! I don't think so: I know so no es que lo crea, es que lo sé or me consta you never know nunca se sabe I needed help, but they didn't want to know necesitaba ayuda, pero ellos … ¡si te he visto no me acuerdo! the government didn't want to know el gobierno se desentendió completamente or no quiso saber nada I'm not stupid, you know! oye, que no soy tonto ¿eh? or ¿sabes? you'll have to work harder, you know vas a tener que trabajar más ¿eh? you know, if I had the choice, I'd quit tomorrow ¿sabes qué? or ¿sabes una cosa? si pudiera, me iba mañana mismo it's not fair, you know, they should have told us no hay derecho, la verdad, debieron habérnoslo dichoto know
aboutsth/sb he knows about computers sabe or entiende de computadoras I didn't know about the strike no estaba enterado or no sabía de lo de la huelga we know about your little escapade! ¡estamos enterados de tu aventurita! I wish we'd known about it earlier ojalá nos hubiéramos enterado antes, ojalá lo hubiéramos sabido antes can I invite him? — I don't know about that, we'll have to see ¿lo puedo invitar? — no sé, veremos to get to know about sth enterarse de algo did you know about John? ¿sabías lo de John?, ¿estabas enterado de lo de John? I don't know about you, but I'm hungry yo no sé tú, pero yo tengo hambreto know ofsth/sb she knew of their activities tenía conocimiento or estaba enterada de sus actividades not that I know of que yo sepa, no do you know of a good carpenter? ¿conoces a or sabes de algún carpintero bueno? I don't actually know her, I know of her no la conozco personalmente, solo de oídas
In Spain the term castellano, rather than español, refers to the Spanish language as opposed to Catalan, Basque etc. The choice of word has political overtones: castellano has separatist connotations and español is considered centralist. In Latin America castellano is the usual term for Spanish.