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shut
American English: /ʃət/
British English: /ʃʌt/

Translation of shut in Spanish:

transitive verb present participle shutting past tense & past participle shut

  • 1 1.1
    (window/book/eyes)
    cerrar
    I shut the drawer on my finger
    me agarré or me pillé el dedo en el cajón
    she shut her finger in the door
    se agarró or se pilló el dedo en la puerta
    they shut the door in my face
    me dieron con la puerta en las narices
    to shut one's ears to something
    hacer oídos sordos a algo
    to shut one's mind to something
    no querer saber nada de algo
    shut your mouth! [colloquial]
    ¡cállate la boca! [colloquial]
    ¡cierra el pico! [colloquial]
    Example sentences
    • Don't keep your bedroom door and windows shut all day long.
    • I shut my eyes and moved blindly forward, towards that door.
    • The sound of the front door opening and slamming shut a second later broke the silence between us.
    Example sentences
    • Jordan had looked up, suddenly, while instinctively shutting her sketch book.
    • Alex took pity on him, and shut his sketch book with a snap.
    • You shut your biology book with a thud, and stared at him from across the table.
    1.2
    (store/business)
    cerrar
    Example sentences
    • State and local investigators blamed the accident on a maintenance error that left open a natural gas valve as the boiler was being shut for routine service.
    • The moment one shop opens, others that stay shut lose business.
    • Businesses that were shut in the afternoon have reopened, and it's looking like things are slowly getting back to normal.
  • 2 (confine) I shut myself in my bedroom and refused to come out
    me encerré en mi habitación y me negué a salir
    the cat had been shut inside
    el gato había quedado encerrado
    Example sentences
    • Steve's convinced it was done by some ‘yobs’ outside and dismisses those who believe the door was blown shut by the wind.
    • He and his fellow guards handcuffed the men and took them outside, he closed the door shut, and the slaves were back to work.
    • What would you do if I shut you outside, to stand in the rain and catch cold so you died?

intransitive verb present participle shutting past tense & past participle shut

  • 1
    (door/window)
    cerrar(se)
    it shuts easily
    cierra con facilidad
    the door shut behind them
    la puerta se cerró tras ellos
    his eyes were shutting
    se le cerraban los ojos
    I'm trying to get this case to shut
    estoy intentando cerrar la maleta
    Example sentences
    • Peer through the dusty glass and you might catch sight of the two thick yellow metal doors behind, jammed tightly shut with no obvious opening mechanism.
    • Vincent, who had not moved from where he lay, heard the door shut behind them and the room fall silent.
    • When I hear what students, purporting to study for English degrees, know and do not know nowadays, I seem to sense huge doors shutting quietly behind us.
  • 2
    (especially British English) (cease business — for day) cerrar
    (— permanently) cerrar (sus puertas)
    what time do you shut on Saturdays?
    ¿a qué hora cierran los sábados?

adjective predicative

  • 1.1to be shut (box/window/book)
    estar cerrado
    the door slammed shut
    1.2 (not trading) (especially British English) to be shut
    estar cerrado
    sorry, we're shut
    lo siento, ya hemos cerrado

Phrasal verbs

shut away

verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object
(papers/valuables)
guardar bajo llave
(person)
encerrar
to shut oneself away
encerrarse
you can't shut yourself away from society for ever
no puedes vivir como un recluso toda la vida

shut down

1verb + adverb
(factory/business)
cerrar
(machinery)
apagarse
desconectarse
2verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object
(factory/business)
cerrar
(machinery)
apagar
desconectar
the strike has shut down all rail services
la huelga ha paralizado totalmente el ferrocarril

shut in

verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object
(confine, enclose) I'm shut in all day with the kids
estoy todo el día encerrado or enclaustrado con los niños
the village is shut in on all sides by mountains
el pueblo está rodeado de montañas por todas partes
close the door to shut the heat in
cierra la puerta para que no se vaya el calor

shut off

1verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object 1.1 (stop, interrupt)
(water/electricity)
cortar
1.2 (isolate) (often passive)
(place/person)
aislar
we're shut off from modern society
vivimos aislados de la sociedad moderna
2verb + adverb
(water/electricity)
cortarse
(engine)
apagarse
desconectarse

shut out

verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object
1.1 (prevent from entering)
(person/animal)
dejar (a)fuera
(light/heat)
no dejar entrar
to shut oneself out
quedarse (a)fuera
try to shut out those thoughts
trata de no pensar en eso or de ahuyentar esos pensamientos
1.2
(American English) (Sport)
ganarle a (sin conceder ni un gol o carrera etc)

shut up

1verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object 1.1 (close)
(house/office)
cerrar
1.2 (confine)
(dog/person)
encerrar
(papers)
guardar bajo llave
2verb + object + adverb (silence) [colloquial]
(person)
hacer callar
cerrarle la boca a
3verb + adverb 3.1 (close business) 3.2 (stop talking) [colloquial]
callarse
shut up, Emily!
¡cállate (la boca), Emily!
¡cierra el pico, Emily! [colloquial]

Definition of shut in:

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