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sponge
American English: /spəndʒ/
British English: /spʌn(d)ʒ/

Translation of sponge in Spanish:

noun

  • 1 1.1 countable (Zoology)
    Example sentences
    • Other images are just as mystifying the spine of a sea urchin, sharks' teeth, sponges and ascidians, to name a few.
    • Chinese scholar's rocks, coral and sponges come to mind.
    1.2 countable (for bath) throw in 3
    Example sentences
    • This increases insulation and avoids the need for surface treatment, while the vegetation absorbs rain like a sponge, reducing or at least delaying run-off.
    • These people just don't sip, they imbibe, they absorb liquor like dehydrated sponges, letting the story-soothing booze flow through their veins until it seeps from their pores in the squalid stench of defeat.
    • Be a sponge - absorb as much inspiration as you can from watching other artists perform.
    1.3 (wipe) [colloquial] (no plural) give your face a quick sponge
    pásate una esponja ( or una toalla húmeda etc. ) por la cara
  • 2 countable and uncountable (Cooking)sponge (cake)
    Example sentences
    • Eat hot with warm sponge cake or madeleines or eat thoroughly chilled aside a little mound of equal quantities of thick yoghurt and whipped cream.
    • Sometimes a different fruit is used and some cooks may substitute sponge cake for shortcake; but no alternative version can match the excellence of the original.
    • Arrowroot, a major cash crop, is used in desserts, including arrowroot sponge cake and arrowroot custard.

transitive verb

  • 1 (clean)
    pasar una esponja ( or una toalla húmeda etc. ) por
    sponge your face
    pásate una esponja ( or una toalla húmeda etc. ) por la cara
    to sponge the dirt off something
    limpiar algo con una esponja/con un trapo
    Example sentences
    • Then she pulled the soiled blankets from beneath him, before sponging him down as she had the previous evening and wrapping him in a fresh set of sheets.
    • She gently sponged Priss’ back, watching the muscles flex against her movement.
    • Once he had been sponged and dressed by silent attendants, Hakida had lead him to a carriage and ushered him inside, then on the bumpy ride to the Vistula Temple beneath black clouds informed him of what he was to do.
  • 2 (scrounge) [colloquial] [derogatory] (money)
    gorronear [colloquial]
    gorrear [colloquial]
    garronear (Río de la Plata) [colloquial]
    bolsear (Chile) [colloquial]
    to sponge a living
    vivir a costillas de los demás
    vivir de gorra or (Río de la Plata) de garrón [colloquial]
    Example sentences
    • Two are notable-a witty fop, who lives nearby, and a down-at-the-heels aristocrat, who has been sponging off the family for decades.
    • There Jackson became a cowardly deserter sponging off the martial generosity of Uncle Sam, a man who betrayed his comrades and never paid his gambling debts.
    • The older women are in essence sponging off the daughter, a secretary, who is marrying mainly to escape their clutches.

intransitive verb

  • gorronear [colloquial]
    gorrear [colloquial]
    garronear (Río de la Plata) [colloquial]
    bolsear (Chile) [colloquial]
    he lives by sponging on or off his relatives
    vive a costillas de sus parientes

Phrasal verbs

sponge down

verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object
(person/horse)
pasarle una esponja mojada a
(wall)
limpiar con una esponja mojada

sponge up

verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object
(liquid/spillage)
limpiar (con una esponja)
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