Translation of sponge in Spanish:

sponge

Pronunciation: /spʌndʒ/

noun/nombre

  • 1 1.1 countable/numerable [Zoology/Zoología] esponja (feminine)
    More example sentences
    • Other images are just as mystifying the spine of a sea urchin, sharks' teeth, sponges and ascidians, to name a few.
    • Chinese scholar's rocks, coral and sponges come to mind.
    1.2 countable/numerable (for bath) esponja (feminine) throw in 3
    More example sentences
    • This increases insulation and avoids the need for surface treatment, while the vegetation absorbs rain like a sponge, reducing or at least delaying run-off.
    • These people just don't sip, they imbibe, they absorb liquor like dehydrated sponges, letting the story-soothing booze flow through their veins until it seeps from their pores in the squalid stench of defeat.
    • Be a sponge - absorb as much inspiration as you can from watching other artists perform.
    1.3 (wipe) [colloquial/familiar] (no plural/sin plural) give your face a quick sponge pásate una esponja ( or una toalla húmeda etc) por la cara
  • 2 c and u [Cookery/Cocina] sponge (cake) bizcocho (masculine), bizcochuelo (masculine) (Southern Cone/Cono Sur)
    More example sentences
    • Eat hot with warm sponge cake or madeleines or eat thoroughly chilled aside a little mound of equal quantities of thick yoghurt and whipped cream.
    • Sometimes a different fruit is used and some cooks may substitute sponge cake for shortcake; but no alternative version can match the excellence of the original.
    • Arrowroot, a major cash crop, is used in desserts, including arrowroot sponge cake and arrowroot custard.

transitive verb/verbo transitivo

  • 1 (clean) pasar una esponja ( or una toalla húmeda etc) por sponge your face pásate una esponja ( or una toalla húmeda etc) por la cara to sponge the dirt off sth limpiar algo con una esponja/con un trapo

intransitive verb/verbo intransitivo

Phrasal verbs

sponge down

verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento
[person/horse] pasarle una esponja mojada a; [wall] limpiar con una esponja mojada

sponge up

verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento
[liquid/spillage] limpiar ([ con una esponja ])

Definition of sponge in:

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Cultural fact of the day

Spain had three civil wars known as the guerras carlistas (1833-39, 1860, 1872-76). When Fernando VII died in 1833, he was succeeded not by his brother the Infante Don Carlos de Borbón, but by his daughter Isabel, under the regency of her mother María Cristina. This provoked a mainly northern-Spanish revolt, with local guerrillas pitted against the forces of the central government. The Carlist Wars were also a confrontation between conservative rural Catholic Spain, especially the Basque provinces and Aragón, led by the carlistas, and the progressive liberal urban middle classes allied with the army. Carlos died in 1855, but the carlistas, representing political and religious traditionalism, supported his descendants' claims until reconciliation in 1977 with King Juan Carlos.