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sweep

Pronunciation: /swiːp/

Translation of sweep in Spanish:

noun/nombre

  • 1 (act) (no plural/sin plural) barrido (masculine), barrida (feminine) give it a sweep dale un barrido or una barrida, bárrelo a clean sweep o (in American English also/en inglés norteamericano también) a sweep nothing but a clean sweep of all the major prizes would satisfy him solo si barría or arrasaba con todos los premios se iba a quedar contento we can now make a clean sweep of all our debts ahora podemos quitarnos todas las deudas de encima the polls pointed to a coast-to-coast sweep by the President los sondeos pronosticaban un triunfo aplastante del presidente
  • 2 2.1 countable/numerable (movement) with a sweep of his arm con un amplio movimiento del brazo with a sweep of his scythe con un golpe de la guadaña the broad sweeps of his brush strokes el ancho trazo de sus pinceladas 2.2 countable/numerable (curve — of road, river) curva (feminine) notice the superb sweep of the train (of dress) fíjese en la estupenda caída de la cola 2.3 (range) (no plural/sin plural) alcance (masculine), extensión (feminine)
  • 7 countable/numerable
    (chimney sweep)
    deshollinador, (masculine, feminine)

transitive verb/verbo transitivo (past tense & past participle/pasado y participio pasado swept)

  • 1 1.1 (clean) [floor/path] barrer; [chimney] deshollinar he swept the room clean o out barrió bien la habitación 1.2 (remove) [leaves/dirt] barrer; [mines] barrer he swept the crumbs off the table limpió la mesa de migas, quitó las migas de la mesa he swept his hair back se echó el pelo hacia atrás she swept the leaves into a pile in the corner barrió la terraza ( or el patio etc) y amontonó las hojas en el rincón he swept the coins into a box con la mano reunió las monedas y las deslizó en una caja to sweep sth under the rug o (British English/inglés británico) carpet correr un velo sobre algo
  • 2 (touch lightly, brush) [surface] rozar* her coat swept the ground as she walked al andar su abrigo rozaba el suelo her hand swept the strings pasó la mano por las cuerdas
  • 3 3.1 (pass over, across) severe storms swept the coast grandes tormentas azotaron or barrieron la costa the waves of protest that were sweeping the state las olas de protesta que recorrían el estado dismay swept the meeting when the news broke la noticia causó consternación entre los reunidos the epidemic is sweeping the country la epidemia se extiende como un reguero de pólvora por el país 3.2 (remove by force) arrastrar the avalanche swept them to their deaths el alud los arrastró consigo y perdieron la vida we were being swept out to sea by the tide la marea nos arrastraba mar adentro she succeeded in sweeping us along with her enthusiasm consiguió arrastrarnos con su entusiasmo he advanced across Italy sweeping all before him cruzaba Italia arrasando (con) todo a su paso
  • 4 4.1 (scan) recorrer he swept the horizon with his telescope recorría or escudriñaba el horizonte con su telescopio 4.2 (search) [area] peinar, rastrear
  • 5 (win overwhelmingly) our team swept the series nuestro equipo arrolló or arrasó en la serie nobody was surprised when she swept the country a nadie le sorprendió que se impusiera aplastantemente en todo el país

intransitive verb/verbo intransitivo (past tense & past participle/pasado y participio pasado swept)

  • 1 (+ adverb complement/+ adverbio predicativo) 1.1 (move rapidly) the car swept by o past without stopping el coche pasó rápidamente sin detenerse he swept to power on a wave of popularity una ola de popularidad lo llevó al poder 1.2 (move proudly) she swept into the room entró majestuosamente en la habitación he swept past as if I wasn't there pasó por mi lado con la cabeza en alto, como si yo no existiera
  • 2 (+ adverb complement/+ adverbio predicativo) 2.1 (spread) extenderse* fire swept through the hotel el fuego se propagó or se extendió por todo el hotel panic swept through the ranks cundió el pánico en las filas 2.2 (extend) the path sweeps down to the road el sendero baja describiendo una curva hasta la carretera the river sweeps over the plain to the sea el río recorre la llanura hasta llegar al mar 2.3 (survey) his gaze swept over their faces recorrió sus rostros con la mirada

Phrasal verbs

sweep aside

verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento
1.1 [object] apartar, hacer* a un lado 1.2 [opposition/objection/doubts] desechar

sweep away

verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento
1.1 (carry away) [flood/storm] arrastrar, arrasar con 1.2 (abolish) [custom/injustices] erradicar*

sweep up

verb + adverb/verbo + adverbio (clear up) barrer, limpiar 1.1verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento 2.1 (clear up) [dust/leaves] barrer y recoger* 2.2 (gather up) [belongings/bags] recoger* he swept her up in his arms la levantó en brazos she wears her hair swept up in a bun lleva el pelo recogido en un moño

Definition of sweep in:

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Cultural fact of the day

The current Spanish Constitution (Constitución Española) was approved in the Cortes Generales in December 1978. It describes Spain as a parliamentary monarchy, gives sovereign power to the people through universal suffrage, recognizes the plurality of religions, and transfers responsibility for defense from the armed forces to the government. The Constitution was generally well received, except in the Basque Country, whose desire for independence it did not satisfy. It is considered to have facilitated the successful transition from dictatorship to democracy.