Share this entry

cumplir

Translation of cumplir in English:

verbo transitivo

  • 3 (años/meses) mañana cumple 20 años
    she'll be o she's 20 tomorrow
    ¿cuándo cumples años?
    when's your birthday?
    ¡que cumplas muchos más!
    many happy returns!
    ¡que los cumplas muy feliz!
    have a very happy birthday!
    ese ya no cumple los cuarenta [humorous]
    he won't see forty again [colloquial] [humorous]
    mañana cumplimos 20 años de casados (Latin America)
    tomorrow we'll have been married 20 years
    tomorrow is our 20th wedding anniversary
    la huelga cumple hoy su tercer día
    this is the third day of the strike

verbo intransitivo

  • 1 1.1cumplir con algo (un deber/una obligación)cumplimos con nuestro deber
    we did our duty
    yo cumplí con lo que se me había asignado
    I carried out the task assigned to me
    I carried out o performed the duties assigned to me
    I discharged the duties assigned to me [formal]
    no cumplió con los trámites legales previstos
    he failed to comply with the relevant legal procedure
    cumple con su trabajo
    he does his job
    1.2 (con una obligación social) lo invité a comer, creo que cumplí
    I took him out for lunch, so I think I've done my duty
    I took him out for lunch, so I think I've done my bit [colloquial]
    a ver si por una vez cumples
    I hope you'll do as you say o you'll keep your word for once
    nos invitó solo por cumplir
    she only invited us because she felt she ought to o she felt it was the thing to do o she felt it was expected of her
    she only invited us out of duty
    cumplir con alguiencon los Pieri ya hemos cumplido
    as far as the Pieris are concerned, we've done what was expected of us o we've done our duty by them
    1.3 [euphemistic] (en sentido sexual)se queja de que ya no cumple
    she complains that he doesn't do his duty as a husband o doesn't fulfill his conjugal duties any more [euphemistic]
  • 2 (en tercera persona) 2.1 [formal] (corresponder) me/nos cumple informarle que … (Correspondencia)
    I am/we are writing to inform you that … [formal]
    2.2 [formal] (convenir) le cumple esforzarse más
    it behooves (American English) o (British English) behoves you to make more of an effort [dated]
    it is in your best interest that you should make more of an effort

also: cumplirse verbo pronominal

  • 2 (plazo) mañana se cumple el plazo para pagar el impuesto
    tomorrow is the last day o is the deadline for paying the tax
    hoy se cumple el primer aniversario de su muerte
    today marks o is the first anniversary of her death
Example sentences
  • La capital ecuatoriana cumple hoy 477 años de fundación española.
  • Se necesita señorita para cumplir funciones de secretaria y apoyo en área de contabilidad.
  • Como reproductor multimedia el Wave cumple a cabalidad.

Share this entry

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove ads and access premium resources

QUIZ


    Next Score: