nombre femenino/feminine noun
- 1 1.1 (protección) defense (inglés norteamericano/American English) defence (inglés británico/British English) nadie acudió en su defensa nobody went to his defense, nobody went to defend him salió en nuestra defensa he came to our defense actuó en defensa propia or en legítima defensa he acted in self-defense (inglés norteamericano/American English) o/or (inglés británico/British English) defence defensa
dealgo/algn defense* ofsth/sb se manifestaron en defensa de sus derechos they demonstrated in defense of their rights 1.2(Defensa femenino)the Defense Department (inglés norteamericano/American English) the Ministry of Defence (inglés británico/British English)
- 2 [Derecho/Law] defense (inglés norteamericano/American English) defence (inglés británico/British English) los testigos de la defensa the witnesses for the defense, the defense witnesses
- 3(defensas femenino plural)[Biología/Biology] [Medicina/Medicine] defenses* (plural) las defensas biológicas del organismo the organism's biological defenses o/or biological defense mechanisms está bajo de defensas his resistance is low
- 4 4.1 [Náutica/Nautical] fender 4.2 (Cuba) (México/Mexico) [Automovilismo/Cars] bumper 4.3 (Chile) [Construcción/Building] barrier
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Spain had three civil wars known as the guerras carlistas (1833-39, 1860, 1872-76). When Fernando VII died in 1833, he was succeeded not by his brother the Infante Don Carlos de Borbón, but by his daughter Isabel, under the regency of her mother María Cristina. This provoked a mainly northern-Spanish revolt, with local guerrillas pitted against the forces of the central government. The Carlist Wars were also a confrontation between conservative rural Catholic Spain, especially the Basque provinces and Aragón, led by the carlistas, and the progressive liberal urban middle classes allied with the army. Carlos died in 1855, but the carlistas, representing political and religious traditionalism, supported his descendants' claims until reconciliation in 1977 with King Juan Carlos.