verbo intransitivo/intransitive verb
- 1 (menguar) [número/cantidad] to decrease, drop, fall; [desempleo/exportaciones/gastos] to decrease, drop, fall; [entusiasmo] to wane, diminish; [interés] to wane, diminish, fall off el número de fumadores ha disminuido the number of smokers has dropped o fallen o decreased los impuestos no disminuyeron there was no decrease o/or cut in taxes los casos de malaria han disminuido there has been a drop o fall o decrease in the number of malaria cases disminuyó la intensidad del viento the wind died down o/or dropped la agilidad disminuye con los años one becomes less agile with age
verbo transitivo/transitive verb
- 1 (reducir) [gastos/costos] to reduce, bring down, cut disminuimos la velocidad we reduced speed es un asunto muy grave y se intenta disminuir su importancia it is a very serious matter, and its importance is being played down el alcohol disminuye la rapidez de los reflejos alcohol slows down your reactions
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Spain had three civil wars known as the guerras carlistas (1833-39, 1860, 1872-76). When Fernando VII died in 1833, he was succeeded not by his brother the Infante Don Carlos de Borbón, but by his daughter Isabel, under the regency of her mother María Cristina. This provoked a mainly northern-Spanish revolt, with local guerrillas pitted against the forces of the central government. The Carlist Wars were also a confrontation between conservative rural Catholic Spain, especially the Basque provinces and Aragón, led by the carlistas, and the progressive liberal urban middle classes allied with the army. Carlos died in 1855, but the carlistas, representing political and religious traditionalism, supported his descendants' claims until reconciliation in 1977 with King Juan Carlos.