verbo intransitivo/intransitive verb
- 1 1.1 [película/conferencia/invierno] to begin, start el curso empieza el 16 the course begins o/or [formal] commences on the 16th ¿con qué letra empieza? what is the first letter?, what letter does it begin with? al empezar el siglo at the turn of the century ya han empezado los fríos the cold weather has arrived o/or started 1.2empezar
a+ infinitivo/infinitiveto start to + infinitivo/infinitive, start -ingha empezado a nevar it has started snowing, it has started to snow le empezó a entrar hambre she began o/or started to feel hungry empezó a hervir it began boiling o/or to boil, it came to the boil, it started boiling o/or to boil le han empezado a salir espinillas she's getting o/or starting to get pimples empieza a ser imposible conseguirlo it is becoming impossible to get it
- 2 [persona] 2.1 (en una actividad) to start ¿cuándo empieza la nueva secretaria? when is the new secretary starting?, when does the new secretary start? empezó de aprendiz he started o/or began as an apprentice tendremos que empezar de nuevo or volver a empezar we'll have to start again todo es (cuestión de) empezar it'll be fine once we/you get started ¡ya empezamos otra vez! here we go again!empezar
poralgo/algn empecemos por el principio let's begin o/or start at the beginning empezó por la pared del fondo he started o/or began with the back wall no sabe por dónde empezar she doesn't know where to begin o/or start vamos a empezar por ti let's start with you 2.2empezar a+ infinitivo/infinitiveto start -ing, start to + infinitivo/infinitivecuando empezó a hablar se le fueron los nervios once she started o/or began talking, her nervousness disappeared tenía dos años cuando empezó a hablar she started talking when she was two empezó a llorar he began o/or started to cry 2.3empezar + gerundio/gerundto start by -ingempezó diciendo que sería breve she started o/or began by saying that she would be brief empezó trabajando de mecánico he started by working as a mechanic, he started out as a mechanic 2.4empezar por+ infinitivo/infinitiveto start o/or begin by -ingempieza por sentarte begin o/or start by taking a seat, take a seat first se empieza por marinar la carne first marinade the meat empecemos por estudiar el contexto histórico let's begin o/or start by looking at the historical context
- 3para empezar, para empezar, me parece un disparate for a start o/or for one thing, I think it's a ridiculous idea para empezar, ¿quién te dio permiso para leer mi correspondencia? who gave you permission to read my letters anyway? para empezar, hay que limpiar la superficie first of all o/or to start with, you have to clean the surface
verbo transitivo/transitive verb
- 1 [tarea/actividad] to start se debe empezar el día con un buen desayuno you should start o/or begin the day with a good breakfast ¿ya empezaste el tercer capítulo? have you started chapter three yet?
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Spain had three civil wars known as the guerras carlistas (1833-39, 1860, 1872-76). When Fernando VII died in 1833, he was succeeded not by his brother the Infante Don Carlos de Borbón, but by his daughter Isabel, under the regency of her mother María Cristina. This provoked a mainly northern-Spanish revolt, with local guerrillas pitted against the forces of the central government. The Carlist Wars were also a confrontation between conservative rural Catholic Spain, especially the Basque provinces and Aragón, led by the carlistas, and the progressive liberal urban middle classes allied with the army. Carlos died in 1855, but the carlistas, representing political and religious traditionalism, supported his descendants' claims until reconciliation in 1977 with King Juan Carlos.