verbo transitivo/transitive verb
- 2 2.1 [liga/clasificación] to head, top, be at the top of; [carrera] to lead el francés encabezó la carrera durante casi una hora the Frenchman led the race o/or was in the lead for almost an hour una pancarta enorme encabezaba la manifestación the demonstration was headed by a huge banner, there was a huge banner at the head of the demonstration 2.2 [lista/candidatura] to head, be at the top of; [delegación/comité] to head, lead 2.3 [movimiento/revolución] to lead
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Spain had three civil wars known as the guerras carlistas (1833-39, 1860, 1872-76). When Fernando VII died in 1833, he was succeeded not by his brother the Infante Don Carlos de Borbón, but by his daughter Isabel, under the regency of her mother María Cristina. This provoked a mainly northern-Spanish revolt, with local guerrillas pitted against the forces of the central government. The Carlist Wars were also a confrontation between conservative rural Catholic Spain, especially the Basque provinces and Aragón, led by the carlistas, and the progressive liberal urban middle classes allied with the army. Carlos died in 1855, but the carlistas, representing political and religious traditionalism, supported his descendants' claims until reconciliation in 1977 with King Juan Carlos.