- 1 1.1 [Botánica/Botany] (de un rosal) thorn; (de un cactus) prickle me clavé una espina I got a thorn in my finger ( o/or hand etc) 1.2 (de pez) bone se lavan las merluzas y se les sacan las espinas wash and bone the hake 1.3 [Anatomía/Anatomy] spine
- 2 2.1 (de un disgusto) todavía tiene clavada la espina de aquel desengaño he still hasn't got over o/or [familiar/colloquial] he's still smarting from that disappointment en el partido siguiente se sacaron la espina de aquel 5 a 0 in the next match they got their own back for that 5-0 defeat 2.2 (duda, resquemor) nagging doubt lo negó pero me quedé con la espina he denied it but I still had nagging doubts o/or my suspicions tenía que sacarme la espina I just had to know darle a algn mala espina to make sb feel uneasy esto me da mala espina I don't like the look of this, I'm beginning to feel a bit uneasy about this
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Spain's War of Independence against Napoleon Bonaparte's French occupation was ignited by the popular revolt in Madrid on 2 May 1808 against the French army. With support from the Duke of Wellington, Spanish resistance continued for over five years in a guerra de guerrillas which gave the world the concept and the term guerrilla warfare. The autocratic Fernando VII was restored to the throne in 1814, and his first act was to abolish the progressive Constitution of Cadiz adopted in 1812.