Translation of estudiar in English:
verbo transitivo/transitive verb
- 1 1.1 [asignatura] to study; (en la universidad) to study, read [formal] estudiaba inglés en una academia I used to study English at a language school estudia medicina en la universidad de Salamanca she's studying o doing o reading medicine at Salamanca university ¿qué carrera estudió? what subject did he do at college/university?, what did he study at college/university?, what (subject) did he take his degree in? 1.2 [Música/Music] [instrumento] to learn
- 2 [lección/tablas] to learn me tengo que poner a estudiar geografía para el examen I have to get down to studying o/or (inglés norteamericano/American English) reviewing o/or (inglés británico/British English) revising geography for the test
- 3 (observar) to study estudia el comportamiento de las aves he studies the behavior of birds me di cuenta de que me estaba estudiando I realized that he was observing o watching o studying me
verbo intransitivo/intransitive verb
- to study este fin de semana tengo que estudiar para el examen this weekend I have to do some work o studying for the test o I have to review (inglés norteamericano/American English) o/or (inglés británico/British English) revise for the test estudia en un colegio privado he goes to a private school a ver si este año estudias más I hope you're going to work harder this year tuvo que dejar de estudiar a los 15 años para ayudar a su madre she had to leave school at 15 to help her mother estudiar
paraalgo to study to be sth estudia para economista she's studying to be an economist no come nada, está estudiando para fideo [humorístico/humorous] she doesn't eat a thing, she's in training for the slimming olympics [humorístico/humorous]
verbo pronominal/pronominal verb (estudiarse)
- 1.1 (enfático) [lección] to study se estudió el papel en una tarde he learned his part in an afternoon 1.2 (recíproco) (observarse) los dos niños se estudiaron largo rato the two children watched each other closely for a long time
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Spain's 1978 Constitution granted areas of competence competencias to each of the autonomous regions it created. It also established that these could be modified by agreements, called estatutos de autonomía or just estatutos, between central government and each of the autonomous regions. The latter do not affect the competencias of central government which controls the army, etc. For example, Navarre, the Basque Country and Catalonia have their own police forces and health services, and collect taxes on behalf of central government. Navarre has its own civil law system, fueros, and can levy taxes which are different to those in the rest of Spain. In 2006, Andalusia, Valencia and Catalonia renegotiated their estatutos. The Catalan Estatut was particularly contentious.