- 1 1.1 (patíbulo) gallows (plural) lo condenaron a la horca he was sentenced to hang, he was condemned to the gallows pasar (por) las horcas caudinas, tendrán que pasar por las horcas caudinas del referéndum the referendum will be a stern test for them fue pasar las horcas caudinas tener que pedírselo it was a terrible ordeal having to ask him for it 1.2 (juego) la horca hangman
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Spain's War of Independence against Napoleon Bonaparte's French occupation was ignited by the popular revolt in Madrid on 2 May 1808 against the French army. With support from the Duke of Wellington, Spanish resistance continued for over five years in a guerra de guerrillas which gave the world the concept and the term guerrilla warfare. The autocratic Fernando VII was restored to the throne in 1814, and his first act was to abolish the progressive Constitution of Cadiz adopted in 1812.